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Makhdoom Mohiuddin

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Makhdoom Mohiuddin, or Abu Sayeed Mohammad Makhdoom Mohiuddin Khudri, (4 February 1908 – 25 August 1969) was an Urdu poet and Marxist political activist of India. He was a distinguished revolutionary Urdu poet. He founded the Progressive Writers Union in Hyderabad and was active with the Comrades Association and the Communist Party of India, and at the forefront of the 1946–1947 Telangana Rebellion against the Nizam of the erstwhile Hyderabad state.

Makhdoom Mohiuddin
Born (1908-02-04)4 February 1908
Medak, Hyderabad State, British India
(now in Telangana, India)
Died 25 August 1969(1969-08-25) (aged 61)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
(now in Telangana, India)
Occupation Urdu Poet
Nationality Indian
Period Pre and Post Independent India
Genre Ghazal
Subject Revolution



Early lifeEdit

Mohiuddin was born in the village of Andole in Medak district, Hyderabad State.

He received his schooling and religious education in his village and later on moved to Hyderabad city to pursue his higher education, where he received a Bachelors and followed by a master's degree. He settled down in Hyderabad after completing his higher education and committed himself to the fight for a Free India against British-occupation. He earned a master's degree in 1936 from Osmania University.


Makhdoom started working as a lecturer at the City College in 1934 and taught Urdu literature. He became an Urdu language poet of incredible versatility. He was the founder of the Communist Party in Andhra Pradesh. Therefore, he is regarded as a Freedom Fighter of India. He also rallied against the then-monarchy of the Princely State of Hyderabad to merge with the newly liberated Indian Union. The then-ruler of Hyderbad, Mir Osman Ali Khan, had issued orders to kill him for awakening people for freedom and the abolition of Nawab ("princely") rule.

He is best known for his collection of poems entitled Bisat-e-Raqs ("The Dance Floor"), for which he was awarded the 1969 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu. His published works include the essay Tagore and His Poetry, a play, Hosh ke Nakhun ("Unravelling"), an adaptation of Shaw's Widowers' Houses, and a collection of prose essays. Bisat-e-Raqs is a complete collection of Makhdoom's verse including his two earlier collections Surkh Savera ("The Red Dawn", 1944) and Gul-e-Tar ("The Dewdrenched Rose", 1961)

He is known as Shayar-e-Inquilab' ('Poet of the Revolution'). His ghazals and lyrics have been used in many Hindi films. Among his notable are the romantic ghazals:Ek Chameli Ke Mandve Taley, Aap Ki Yaad Aati Rahi Raat Bhar and Phir Chhidi Raat, Baat Phoolon Ki.

He was also a member of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council from1956 - 1969 and became opposition leader in Assembly. The most popular political leader across India. He had travelled almost all European countries that exist under the umbrella of Russia and also visited China. He also met Yuri Gagarin when he visited Moscow and wrote a poem on him.

Personal lifeEdit

Makhdoom had a mixed childhood. His father died when he was just six years of age and his mother got married to another man. His paternal uncle took over his guardianship and ensured that he got the best education and treated him fairly. Makhdoom was very kind to children and loved them a lot, since he was orphaned at very young age probably he very well knew the feelings of a child. He got his school and religious education in his village and later on moved to Hyderabad city for higher education (Bachelors and Masters Degree). He settled down in Hyderabad after completing his higher education and got involved in the fight for "Free India" against the British rule . He was the founder of Communist Party in Andhra Pradesh (southern) Indian state. Therefore he is also called as "Freedom Fighter" of India and has also rallied against the then Monarchy of the Princely State of Hyderabad to merge with India. The then ruler of Hyderbad, Mir Osman Ali Khan (Nizam) had ordered to kill him for awkening people for freedom and get rid of the Nawab or the princely rule.

Makhdoom Mohiuddin got married to Rabia Begum and had three children with her. The eldest among his children is daughter Zakia Begum followed by two sons. The first son Nusrath Mohiuddin, an ex-employee of State Bank of Hyderabad, also a well-known poet, a member of CPI, secretary of Insaf Tehreek. The second son Zafar Mohiuddin, works for Singareni Coal mines, Hyderabad. His daughter is the eldest among his children and Makhdoom had special love and affection for his daughter. She could not complete her school education due to pressure from elder members of her family as her father was always busy with trade union meetings campaigning for his communist party and public life. But he always presented her gifts whenever he returns from a foreign trip. She too loved her father very much and she died due to kidney failure and long illness on August 6, 2010.She was married to Syed Abdul Rahim Quadri and had three daughters and three sons.The eldest daughter is Manzoor Fatima, Farrukh Rahim Quadri(eldest son), Farida Ashraf Fatima,Tooba Anjuman Fatima, Anwar Rahim Quadri and Raoof Rahim Quadr.

Nusrath Mohiuddin married to Nasira Mohiuddin they have two daughters the eldest Ayesha Siddiqua and second Asma Siddiqua

Zafar Mohiuddin married Gouhar Mohammadi and have four children, a son and three daughters, Aslam Mohiuddin was Ex-Student leader in Telangana State and daughters Firasat Fatima, Afshan Zareen and Juveria Mohiuddin.

On 4 and 5 February 2008, a slew of programmes were organised in Hyderabad to mark his birth centenary celebrations in which writers like Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Vibhuti Narain Rai, scientists like P. M. Bhargava and Vice-Chancellor of University of Hyderabad Syed E. Hasnain participated.[1]


His collection of poems and ghazals is titled Besat E Raqs.


  • Sahitya Akademi Award for Urdu Poetry – 1969


  1. ^ "Makhdoom birth centenary celebrations on Feb. 4 and 5". The Hindu. 1 February 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2009. 

External linksEdit