Maine-et-Loire

Maine-et-Loire (French pronunciation: [mɛn e lwaʁ] (About this soundlisten)) is a department in the Loire Valley in the Pays de la Loire region in Western France. Its prefecture is Angers; its subprefectures are Cholet, Saumur and Segré-en-Anjou Bleu. Maine-et-Loire had a population of 810,934 in 2016.[1]

Maine-et-Loire
Prefecture gardens in Angers
Prefecture gardens in Angers
Flag of Maine-et-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms of Maine-et-Loire
Coat of arms
Location of Maine-et-Loire in France
Location of Maine-et-Loire in France
Coordinates: 47°27′N 0°36′W / 47.450°N 0.600°W / 47.450; -0.600Coordinates: 47°27′N 0°36′W / 47.450°N 0.600°W / 47.450; -0.600
CountryFrance
RegionPays de la Loire
PrefectureAngers
SubprefecturesCholet
Saumur
Segré-en-Anjou Bleu
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilChristian Gillet (DVD)
Area
 • Total7,107 km2 (2,744 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total810,934
 • Rank27th
 • Density110/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number49
Arrondissements4
Cantons21
Communes177
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

Maine-et-Loire is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, mostly out of the southern portion of the former province of Anjou.[2] Originally it was called Mayenne-et-Loire, but its name was changed to Maine-et-Loire in 1791. Its present name is drawn from the Maine and Loire Rivers, which meet within the department.

GeographyEdit

Maine-et-Loire is part of the current region of Pays de la Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Ille-et-Vilaine, Mayenne, Sarthe, Indre-et-Loire, Vienne, Deux-Sèvres, Vendée, and Loire-Atlantique. The principal city is Angers, the seat of a bishopric and of a court of appeal.[2]

It has a varied landscape, with forested ranges of hills in the south and north separated by the valley of the Loire. The highest point is Colline des Gardes at 210 m (690 ft).

The area has many navigable rivers such as the Loire, Sarthe, Mayenne, Loir, and Authion.

DemographicsEdit

The inhabitants of Maine-et-Loire have no official qualifier. They are sometimes known as Angevins, from the former province of Anjou, or Mainéligériens, from the name of the département.[3]

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801375,544—    
1806404,134+1.48%
1821442,859+0.61%
1831467,871+0.55%
1841488,472+0.43%
1851515,452+0.54%
1861526,012+0.20%
1872518,471−0.13%
1881523,491+0.11%
1891518,589−0.09%
1901514,658−0.08%
1911508,149−0.13%
1921474,786−0.68%
1931475,991+0.03%
1936477,690+0.07%
1946496,068+0.38%
1954518,241+0.55%
1962556,272+0.89%
1968584,704+0.83%
1975629,849+1.07%
1982675,321+1.00%
1990705,882+0.55%
1999733,813+0.43%
2006766,659+0.63%
2011790,343+0.61%
2016810,934+0.52%
source:[4]

PoliticsEdit

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[5] Party
Maine-et-Loire's 1st constituency Matthieu Orphelin Ecology Democracy Solidarity
Maine-et-Loire's 2nd constituency Stella Dupont La République En Marche!
Maine-et-Loire's 3rd constituency Jean-Charles Taugourdeau The Republicans
Maine-et-Loire's 4th constituency Laëtitia Saint-Paul La République En Marche!
Maine-et-Loire's 5th constituency Denis Masséglia La République En Marche!
Maine-et-Loire's 6th constituency Nicole Dubré-Chirat La République En Marche!
Maine-et-Loire's 7th constituency Philippe Bolo MoDem

TourismEdit

Châteaux of the Loire Valley

Anjou traditions

  • The largest vineyard of the Loire Valley.
  • The boule de fort, the traditional boules game in Anjou

Angers and around:

Saumur and around:

Cholet and around:

Segré and around:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  2. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Maine-et-Loire" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 441.
  3. ^ "Vous voulez vous appeler Angevin ou Mainoligérien ? Dernier jour pour voter !". ouest-france.fr. Ouest France. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  4. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  5. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
  6. ^ "Château de Montsoreau-Contemporary Art Museum - Les Châteaux de la Loire". Les Châteaux de la Loire. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  7. ^ "Visit Chateau de Montsoreau-Museum of contemporary art on your trip to Montsoreau". www.inspirock.com. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  8. ^ "Practical Information". Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art. Archived from the original on 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  9. ^ "Snapshots of the Loire The Montsoreau flea market". TVMONDE. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  10. ^ "Discover the World's 500 Best Flea Markets". Fleamapket. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  11. ^ "Largest Art & Language Collection Finds Home - artnet News". artnet News. 2015-06-23. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
  12. ^ "MACBA banks on History". Artinamericamagazine.com. 2011.
  13. ^ "Art & Language Uncompleted". macba.cat. 2014.

External linksEdit