Maharaja Kam Dev Misir

Maharaja Kam Dev Misir urf Karam Singh Dev, also known as Rao Dalpat Singh (b.1445-1532) was a Sikarwar Rajput king and the ruler of the Pahargarh Estate, which mainly consisted of four cities in modern India, namely: Morena, Gwalior, Jhansi, Shivpuri. Kam Dev was the son of Maharaja Jay Raj Dev Singh who was the ruler of the Vijaypur Sikri estate (Fatehpur Sikri), which was spread over 35000 km2.[1] Kam Dev and Dham Dev ruled over large area which know consists of present day: Morena, Gwalior, Jhansi, Tikamgarh, Sagar, Chhatarpur, Satna, Rewa, Chitrakoot, Fatehpur, Kanpur (city)& Kanpur (dehat), Unnao, Auriya, Jalaun, Karauli, Dholpur, Banda, Mahoba, Shivpuri, Gauna, Sheopur, Fatehpur Sikri, Kheragarh, Bhind, Kannauj and Etawah, (or a area of almost 124765 km²) under the surgenaty of Ibrahim Lodi.[1][2][3]

Maharaja Kam Dev Misir
Rao, Sikarwar
PredecessorMaharaja Jay Raj Dev Singh
BornKaram Dev Singh Urf Rao Dalpat
1445 AD
Vijaypur Sikri, India
Died1532 (aged 87)
Reotipur, Ghazipur, India
Spousetwo wives
Issue(First wife)
  • Anchal
  • Vichal
  • Sarnag
  • Rohit
Names
Maharaja Kam Dev Misir urf Rao Dalpat Singh Sikarwar
DynastySikarwar
FatherMaharaja Jay Raj Dev Singh Sikarwar

Kam Dev had two younger brothers: Dharam Singh Dev urf Rao Dham Dev and Vir Dev Singh urf Vikram Pratap Dev Singh. Kam Dev's father gave him parts of the Pahadgarh estate. His coronation was in year 1490 CE. Kam Dev also served as the army chief of his father's army. After the death of his father in 1504 CE, his brother Maharaja Dham Dev Singh (b. 1460) was crowned as the king of Vijaypur Sikri. Later, he shifted his capital from Vijaypur Sikri to a place known as Fatehabad near Fatehpur Sikri, now in Agra. Vijaypur Sikri was a large kingdom consisting of three cities, namely: Fatehpur Sikri (parts of Agra), Karauli, and Dholpur. Dham Dev was the ruler of Vijaypur and Kam Dev was the ruler of Pahadgarh. The youngest brother Vikram Partap Dev Singh was the one handling the affairs of both brothers' empires. After the death of Kam Dev's father, he became the army chief of Dham Dev's army. After the Battle of Khanwa, Kam Dev Lost his Kingdom but still he had Kanpur, Kannauj amd Fatehpur under his control. Kam with His brother Dham established their Capital at Madarpur. They later go defeated in The Battle of Madarpur, and after the Battle of Ghaghra they finally moved to Ghazipur. In Ghazipur they bought some land near Birpur. Birpur was before ruled by Dikshit rajputs. The fought the Battle in 1530 and overthrew the ruler of Birpur and became the ruler of Birpur estate. Birpur estate was spread over a large area consisting present day the parganas and town name as Reotipur, Birpur, Gahmar, Nuaon, Kamsaar, Zamania, Ramgarh, Kaimur, Kochas, Chausa, Nasrabad, etc. The Birpur estate was spread over almost 2200 km2. Before the Capital of Birpur was Birpur village then Seorai and then the estate ended in 1560 and His descendents made a separate jagirs.[4][5][3][2][1]

Battle of KhanwaEdit

During the Battle of Khanwa, Dham Dev, Kam Dev, and Vikram Dev not only joined the confederation but also provided 11,000 troops with complete administrative support to the confederation of Rana Sanga. A 1.8 lakh Rajput army stayed in the Bahadur Garh fort. Enough rations were collected and stocked inside the fort because Rana Sanga planned to capture Agra.

Earlier Rana Sanga was fully confident that he would win because he had the full support of Ibrahim Lodi and the whole Rajput confederation. Unfortunately, this couldn't happen since the Mughals were able to quickly capture Agra, and the Rajput lost. The main reason for the sudden defeat was Salyadity, a strong Tomar Rajput ruler, had left the Rajput confederation and had joined with Babur, providing him the advantage of 30,000 troops.

Rana Sanga was horribly defeated and had to surrender on the battlefield. Thus, the command of the Rajput's withdrawing forces devolved on the shoulder of Dham Dev, which he conducted with a fair amount of discipline and control. The Bahadurgarh fort was blown with fire by the Mughal army. Babur also changed the name of Vijaypur Sikri to Fatehpur Sikri - both names have the same meaning, "the city of victory", Babur only changed the name to Farsi.

The defeat in the battle of Khanwa was a major setback in the history of the Rajputs.

Babur, while describing the Battle of Khanwa in Baburnama, had mentioned Dham Dev and Kam Dev at least twice, along with Rana sanga, Mahmud Lodi, Medini Rai, and Ibrahim Lodi.[6][7][1][3][8][2][5][9]

MigrationEdit

After the defeat in the battle of Khanwa, many Rajput rulers left their towns and cities. Half of Kam Dev's family lived at Pahargarh and others left. Kam Dev had four sons. His first son's family moved to Kanpur district with Kam Dev; his second son's half family lived at Pahargarh and half went to Kanpur; the rest two sons half family also went to Kanpur district with him in year 1527 AD. Dham Dev went to Kanpur district with his family and younger brother, Vikram Pratap Dev.[6][7][1][3][8]

Battle of MadarpurEdit

All three brothers shifted to Kanpur district with large amounts of gold coins and the statue of Sakarwar deity, Mata Khamakhya. In Kanpur, they became wealthy zamindars of the region. Babur attacked their kingdom and their fort in Madarpur. They fought the Battle of Madarpur against Babur's general Mir Baqi. Unfortunately, their army was small and they were defeated in 1528 AD.[2][8][3][1][7][6]

Migration to GhazipurEdit

Kam Dev with Dham Dev came to Ghazipur on 26 Oct 1530 AD and settled at a place now known as Reotipur and named it as Dalpatpur. Kam Dev's first son's family established 50 villages in Ghazipur district; his second son's family moved to Assam and established 29 villages in Morena district of Madhya Pradesh. His third son's family established 11 villages in Morena district of Madhya Pradesh and 56 villages in Saharsa district. Fourth son's family established 22 villages in Morena district, 60 villages in Kaimur district, and 60 villages near Shahpur Chausa village in Mirzapur district. Dham Dev's family established 84 villages near Gahmar and Bhabua, Kudra, Chainpur.[2][8][3][1][7][6][5][4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Evolution and spatial organization of clan settlement in middle ganga valley".
  2. ^ a b c d e "The anti quarrien remains in Bihar".
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Lagends of Rajput warrior princes".
  4. ^ a b "Sikarwar- Synonymes of Sikarwar".
  5. ^ a b c "Sikarwar".
  6. ^ a b c d "Sikarwar Rajput of india".
  7. ^ a b c d "Sikarwar rajput".
  8. ^ a b c d "Sikarwar Rajputs history and conversion to Islam".
  9. ^ "Baburnama".