Mahajanga was a former province of Madagascar that had an area of 150,023 km2. It had a population of 1,896,000 (2004). Its capital was Mahajanga, the second largest city in Madagascar.[1]

Map of Madagascar with Mahajanga highlighted
Map of Madagascar with Mahajanga highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 16°45′S 46°15′E / 16.750°S 46.250°E / -16.750; 46.250
Country Madagascar
 • Total150,023 km2 (57,924 sq mi)
 • Total1,896,000
 • Density13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3

Except for Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga Province bordered all of the country's other provinces–Antsiranana in the north, Toamasina in the east, Antananarivo in the southeast and Toliara in the southwest. Sea cucumbers were an important commercial product produced in the province.[2]

In 1999, cholera epidemic broke out in the province. It infected 380 people and claimed 26 lives. The epidemic spread towards the southern Antananarivo and Toliara provinces.[3] The province was hit by Cyclone Kamisy in June 1984.[4] A large percentage of the province's population lived below the poverty line.[5]

A large area of the province was covered by rain forests. It had a rich variety of flora and fauna. Several lemur species were endemic to the province.[6] Assassin spiders were discovered in the province's Baie de Baly National Park.[7] Another important national park is Ankarafantsika National Park. The national parks attract many tourists and served as an important economic advantage to the province.[8] A Natural Science Center was created in Mahajanga in 1985.[9]

Rice, cotton, tobacco and manioc were the important agricultural products.[10] The province offerd limited opportunities for higher and technical education.[11] The health related facilities are limited. Anemia in children was common[12] and the province offered poor transportation and security related facilities.[13][14]

Abolition edit

The provinces were abolished following the results of Malagasy constitutional referendum, 2007 which led to the formation of 23 smaller areas (faritra or regions) to facilitate regional development.[15]

Administrative divisions edit


Mahajanga Province was divided into four regions - Betsiboka, Boeny, Melaky and Sofia. These four regions became the first-level administrative divisions when the provinces were abolished in 2009. They are subdivided into 21 districts:

References edit

  1. ^ The Private Sector and Development 1997, p. 37.
  2. ^ Lovatelli & Conand 2004, p. 142.
  3. ^ Kohn 2008, p. 242.
  4. ^ Proceedings and Final Report 1991, p. 7.
  5. ^ International Monetary Fund 2003, p. 20.
  6. ^ Wilson & Reeder 2005, p. 113.
  7. ^ Wheeler & Pennak 2013, p. 43.
  8. ^ Bradt 2011, p. 372.
  9. ^ Primate Conservation Newsletter 1988, p. 44.
  10. ^ Rafalimanana 1998, p. 77.
  11. ^ Education and Training in Madagascar 2002, p. 100.
  12. ^ Health, Nutrition, and Population in Madagascar 2011, p. 15.
  13. ^ International Monetary Fund 2003, p. 29.
  14. ^ International Monetary Fund 2003, p. 32.
  15. ^ "Initial result shows "Yes" to revision of constitution in Madagascar". People's Daily Online. 7 April 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2014.

Bibliography edit