History and profileEdit
Magyar Nemzet, a moderate conservative daily, was founded by Sándor Pethő in 1938. The paper fused with the other conservative daily Napi Magyarország in April 2000.
Magyar Nemzet is regarded as part of conservative media which intensified in the country in 2010. Its editorials often speak out against the socialist and liberal parties, Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) and Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ).
Magyar Nemzet is published in broadsheet format. Its major rival was Népszabadság, the former communist party newspaper, mostly supported the former socialist MSZP/SZDSZ government. Magyar Nemzet's editorials often complain about bias of the more readily available Népszabadság and the former government's de facto censorship by cutting off funds for conservative news.
The circulation of Magyar Nemzet was 132,000 copies in January 1989 and 121,000 copies in January 1991. The paper had a circulation of 70,000 copies in July 1992 and 55,000 copies in March 1993. Its circulation was 41,000 copies in 1998. The paper had a circulation of 64,209 copies in 2009, making it the fifth best-selling daily in the country. However, the paper lost one-third of its readers between 2005 and 2010. During the same period the visitors of its website also declined.
In April 2018 the publisher released a statement saying that the last edition of Magyar Nemzet will be released on 11 April 2018 citing financial problems. The online presence mno.hu is also discontinued.
- "Communicating Europe: Hungary Manual" (PDF). European Stability Initiative. December 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Daiva Repeckaite. "Independent Journalism under Increasing Threat in Hungary". Equal Times. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- Péter Bajomi-Lázár. "The Business of Ethics, the Ethics of Business" (PDF). Centrul pentru Jurnalism Independent. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- Hungarian press BBC.
- Marina Popescu; Gábor Tóka (2000). "Campaign Effects in the 1994 and 1998 Parliamentary Elections in Hungary" (Conference paper). ECPR. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Mihály Gálik; Beverly James (1999). "Ownership and control of the Hungarian press". The Public. 6 (2). Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Borbála Tóth (5 January 2012). "Mapping digital media. Hungary" (PDF). Open Society Foundation. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "Magyar Nemzet, Lánchíd Rádio to cease operations effective April 11th". The Budapest Beacon. 2018-04-10. Retrieved 2018-04-10.