Madzy Rollin Couquerque
Madzy Rollin Couquerque (14 April 1903 – 16 July 1994) was a Dutch female hockey- and tennis player who was active from the 1920s until the late 1950s. She won 40 national tennis titles and made 37 appearances in the Dutch national hockey team.
|Full name||Magdalena Ferdinanda Maria Rollin Couquerque|
|Born||14 April 1903|
The Hague, Netherlands
|Died||16 July 1994 (aged 91)|
The Hague, Netherlands
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||1R (1956)|
|French Open||SF (1938)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|Wimbledon||4R (1932, 1933, 1936)|
Early life and sports careerEdit
Madzy Rollin Couquerque was born on 14 April 1903 in The Hague, Netherlands. Her father Louis Marie Rollin Couquerque was a jurist. Her mother died in 1918. After she returned from a boarding school in Bloemendaal in 1921 she started a bookkeeping job at an insurance company which provided her with the income that allowed her to pursue her sports career.
Rollin Couquerque became Dutch singles tennis champion 14 times between 1927 and 1947. In 1959, aged 56, she reached her last singles final at the Dutch Championships which she lost to Mientje Vletter-Tettelaar who was half her age. In addition she won 14 doubles titles and 12 mixed doubles titles, making a total of 40 national championship titles during her career.
Her best singles results in a Grand Slam tournament were achieved at the French Championships. At the 1928 Championships she reached the quarterfinal which she lost in straight sets to eventual champion and World no.1 Helen Wills. In 1935 she again reached the quarterfinal and was defeated by Margaret Scriven. At the 1936 Championships she was seeded sixth but lost in the third round to Marie-Louise Horn. Her best result came at the 1938 Championships when, seeded seventh and at age 35, she made it to the semifinal in which she was beaten by Nelly Adamson.
Between 1928 and 1951 she participated in 15 Wimbledon Championships. Her best result in the singles event was reaching the fourth round in 1937, losing to fifth-seeded Alice Marble. In the doubles she reached the quarterfinal in 1929 partnering compatriot Kea Bouman. With Joop Knottenbelt she reached the fourth round of the mixed doubles in 1932 and equalled that result with Henk Timmer in 1933 and 1936.
In the winter months she played field hockey for HOC (HHV-ODIS Combinatie) in The Hague.[a] She made the first team in 1921 which became national champion that year. HOC, with Rollin Couquerque, remained the undefeated national champion until 1935. Rollin Couquerque made her first appearance in the Dutch national team in 1926, playing against Belgium in Brussels as a leftback. She would make 37 national appearances and captained the team in the 1930s until the outbreak of the World War II interrupted her hockey activities.
- In 1951 HOC merged with GHC de Gazellen to form HGC (HOC-Gazellen Combinatie).
- Jurryt van de Vooren (6 September 2007). "Vergeten sportheld: Madzy Rollin Couquerque" (in Dutch). Sportgeschiedenis.nl.
- Frans Oudejans. "Rollin Couquerque, Magdalena Ferdinanda Maria (1903-1994)". www.huygens.knaw.nl (in Dutch). KNAW.
- "NK Tennis Historie". www.knltb.nl (in Dutch). KNLTB.
- "Madzy Rollin Couquerque" (in Dutch). Tennismuseum.nl. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
- Guinau-Freericks, Irma, ed. (1999). KNLTB : 100 Jaar Love en Service (in Dutch). Schiedam: Scriptum. pp. 181–182. ISBN 9055941441.
- "Roland-Garros 1928 (Grand Slam) - Women singles" (PDF). www.rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-04-02.
- "Roland-Garros 1935 (Grand Slam) - Women singles" (pdf). www.rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT).
- "Roland-Garros 1938 (Grand Slam) - Women singles" (pdf). www.rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT).
- "Wimbledon players archive – Rollin Couquerque". AELTC.
- "La semana deportiva" [The week in sports]. Blanco y Negro (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain: Torcuato Luca de Tena y Álvarez Ossorio. 39 (2008): 71. 10 November 1929.
- "Madzy is still 'tops'". The Argus (Melbourne). Victoria, Australia. 23 January 1956. p. 16. Retrieved 14 April 2016 – via National Library of Australia.