Open main menu

Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset (23 March 1898 – 1 September 1984 in Paris) was the titular Duchess of Parma (from 1974) and was also Carlist queen of Spain (from 1952) as the consort of Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma, the Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne.

Duchess of Parma
Ouders en zusters van prins Carlos Hugo vertrekken van Schiphol. Prinses Madelei, Bestanddeelnr 923-2030.jpg
Madeleine, her husband Xavier and their daughter Marie des Neiges
Born(1898-03-23)23 March 1898
Paris, France
Died1 September 1984(1984-09-01) (aged 86)
Paris, France
Lignières Castle
SpouseXavier, Duke of Parma
Full name
Marie Madeleine Yvonne de Bourbon-Busset
FatherGeorges de Bourbon-Busset,
Count de Lignières
MotherMarie Jeanne de Kerret de Quillien

Life and familyEdit

She was born of a cadet branch of the Bourbon Counts of Busset, male-line descendants of Louis de Bourbon (1437–1482), prince du sang, Bishop of Liège,[1] allegedly by a liaison with Catherine de Gueldres.[2] Her father was Georges de Bourbon-Busset, Count de Lignières (1860–1932), and her mother Marie Jeanne née de Kerret-Quillien (1866–1958).[3]

Prince Xavier, a younger son of Robert I, Duke of Parma, and Madeleine were wed on 12 November 1927 at the château de Lignières in Cher.[3] The couple took up residence in the Bourbonnais, where Xavier managed Madeleine's farm lands.[3] The marriage was accepted as dynastic at the time by neither Prince Elias of Bourbon-Parma (Xavier's elder half-brother, then acting head of the House of Bourbon-Parma), nor by the senior Bourbons of the Spanish branch (Alphonso XIII), but was later recognized by the Parmesan Duke Robert Hugo,[1] and by the Carlist pretender Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime.[3]

In 1936, Alfonso Carlos, the last undisputed head of the Carlist movement, appointed her husband Xavier as Carlist "regent". Madeleine actively supported her husband's political activities and social views.[3] Madeleine was the author of "Catherine de Médicis", published in France in 1940.[1]

The couple had issue:[1]


References and notesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 416-417, 422. (French). ISBN 2-908003-04-X
  2. ^ Anselme, Père. ‘’Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 307, 375. (French).
  3. ^ a b c d e de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. ‘’Le Petit Gotha’’. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, (French) p. 586-589 ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 23 March 1898 Died: 1 September 1984
Titles in pretence
Title last held by
Maria das Neves of Portugal
Queen of Spain
20 May 1952 – 7 May 1977
Succeeded by
Irene of the Netherlands