Macrolepiota

Macrolepiota is a genus of white spored, gilled mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The best-known member is the parasol mushroom (M. procera). The widespread genus contains about 40 species.

Macrolepiota
Macrolepiota-Colima-Mexico.jpg
Macrolepiota sp.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Macrolepiota
Singer (1948)
Type species
Macrolepiota procera
(Scop.) Singer (1948)
Synonyms[1]

TaxonomyEdit

Macrolepiota was circumscribed by Rolf Singer in 1948, with Macrolepiota procera as the type species.[5]

DNA studies have split this genus into three clades. The macrolepiota clade includes M. procera, M. clelandii, M. dolichaula and closely related species. The macrosporae clade includes species such as M. mastoidea, M. konradii, and M. orientiexcoriata, while the volvatae clade includes M. velosa and M. eucharis.[6][7]

UsesEdit

Macrolepiota procera, the parasol mushroom, is a well-known and highly esteemed edible species in much of Europe.[8]Macrolepiota albuminosa is eaten in Chinese cuisine, where it is called jīzōng (鸡枞; literally "chicken fir tree").

SpeciesEdit

As of October 2015, Index Fungorum accepts 42 species of Macrolepiota:[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Macrolepiota Singer 1948". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
  2. ^ Rick JE. (1938). "Agarici Riograndenses". Lilloa. 2: 251–316.
  3. ^ Locquin M. (1952). "Sur la non-validité de quelques genres d'Agaricales". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 68: 165–69.
  4. ^ Singer R. (1959). "Dos generos de hongos nuevos para Argentina". Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica (in Spanish). 8 (1): 9–13.
  5. ^ Singer R. (1948). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32: 103–50.
  6. ^ Vellinga EC, de Kok RP, Bruns TD (2003). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae)". Mycologia. 95 (3): 442–56. doi:10.2307/3761886. JSTOR 3761886. PMID 21156633.
  7. ^ a b c Ge ZW, Yang ZL, Vellinga EC (2010). "The genus Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae, Basidiomycota) in China" (PDF). Fungal Diversity. 45 (1): 81–98. doi:10.1007/s13225-010-0062-0. S2CID 42451518.  
  8. ^ Parasol Mushroom - Private mushroom record of Józef Bossowski
  9. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 28th September 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-10-22.
  10. ^ Shao LP, Xiang CT (1980). "The study on the Macrolepiota spp. in China". Journal of Northeastern Forestry Institute. 8 (4): 35–38.
  11. ^ Vellinga EC. (2003). "Chlorophyllum and Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae) in Australia". Australian Systematic Botany. 16 (3): 361–370. doi:10.1071/SB02013.
  12. ^ Malençon G. (1979). "Champignons du Maroc". Beihefte zur Sydowia (in French). 8: 258–267.
  13. ^ a b c Lebel T, Syme A (2012). "Sequestrate species of Agaricus and Macrolepiota from Australia: new species and combinations and their position in a calibrated phylogeny". Mycologia. 104 (2): 496–520. doi:10.3852/11-092. PMID 22067305. S2CID 26266778.  
  14. ^ Ge ZW, Chen ZH, Yang ZL (2012). "Macrolepiota subcitrophylla sp. nov., a new species with yellowish lamella from southwest China". Mycoscience. 53 (4): 284–289. doi:10.1007/s10267-011-0167-7. S2CID 84732479.
  15. ^ Vellinga EC, Yang ZL (2003). "Volvolepiota and MacrolepiotaMacrolepiota velosa, a new species from China" (PDF). Mycotaxon. 85: 183–186.

External linksEdit