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Macrohistory

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Macrohistory seeks out large, long-term trends in world history, searching for ultimate patterns through a comparison of proximate details. For example, a macro-historical study might examine Japanese feudalism and European feudalism in order to decide whether feudal structures are an inevitable outcome given certain conditions. Macro-historical studies often "assume that macro-historical processes repeat themselves in explainable and understandable ways".[1] This approach can identify stages in the development of humanity as a whole such as the large-scale direction towards greater rationality, greater liberty or the development of productive forces and communist society, among others.[2]

Contents

ExamplesEdit

Examples of macro-historical analysis include Oswald Spengler's assertion that the lifespan of civilizations is limited and ultimately they decay,[2] and Arnold J. Toynbee's historical synthesis in explaining the rise and fall of civilizations. The Battle of Ain Jalut is considered by many historians to be of great macro-historical importance,[citation needed] as it marked the high water point of Mongol conquests, and the first time they had ever been decisively defeated.[citation needed]

According to economists Robert Solow,[3] Brian Snowdon,[4] Jason Collins[5] and to an article in the "Break Through & Mind Changing Idea" section of Wired (Japan),[6][7] Oded Galor's unified growth theory is a macro-historical analysis that has significantly contributed to the understanding of process of development over the entire course of human history and the role of deep-rooted factors in the transition from stagnation to growth and in the emergence of the vast inequality across the globe.[8] According to Wired (Japan) Galor's theory is a global theory comparable to Newton's "law of gravitation", Darwin's "evolution theory" or Einstein's "general relativity".[6]

Macrohistory is distinguished from microhistory, which involves the rigorous and in-depth study of a single event in history.[9] However, these approaches can be combined such as the case of studying the larger trends of post-slave societies, which include the examination of individual cases and smaller groups.[10]

Significant contributions to macrohistory [11]Edit

  • Creasy, Edward Shepherd (1851). The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World.
  • Spengler, Oswald (1918). The Decline of the West.
  • McNeill, William H. (1976). Plagues and People.
  • Rindos, David (1984). Origins of Agriculture: an Evolutionary Perspective.
  • Diamond, Jared (1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies.
  • Roberts, Neil (1998). The Holocene: An Environmental History.
  • McNeill, J.R.; McNeill, William H. (2003). The Human Web: A Bird's-Eye View of World History.
  • Galor, Oded (2011). Unified Growth Theory.
  • Harari, Yuval Noah (2014). Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind.




See alsoEdit

Notes & ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matthew C. Wells, Ph.D., Parallelism: A Handbook of Social Analysis. Archived August 24, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Morris, Irwin; Oppenheimer, Joe; Soltan, Karol (2004). Politics from Anarchy to Democracy: Rational Choice in Political Science. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 224. ISBN 0804745838.
  3. ^ Solow, Robert. "Endorsements". Princeton University Press.
  4. ^ Snowdon, Brian (June 2008). "Towards a Unified Theory of Economic Growth. Oded Galor on the transition from Malthusian stagnation to modern economic growth. An interview with introduction by Brian Snowdon". World Economics. 2.9.
  5. ^ ,Collins, Jason (2013). "Galor's Unified Growth Theory". Jason Collins Blog.
  6. ^ a b Ishikawa, Yoshiko (2018). "The root of economic disparity is attributed to East Africa ten thousands of years ago: Professor Oded Galor's 'Unified Growth Theory'". Wired. 31.
  7. ^ "English Translation of Yoshiko Ishikawa, 'The root of economic disparity is attributed to East Africa ten thousands of years ago: Professor Oded Galor's Unified Growth Theory'". 2018.
  8. ^ Galor, Oded (2011). Unified Growth Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400838868.
  9. ^ Graham, Shawn; Milligan, Ian; Weingart, Scott (2015). Exploring Big Historical Data: The Historian's Macroscope. London: Imperial College Press. p. 2. ISBN 9781783266081.
  10. ^ Araujo, Ana Lucia (2017). Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Transnational and Comparative History. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 9781350010598.
  11. ^ Christian, David G. (2005). "Macrohistory: The Play of Scales" (PDF). Social Evolution & History. 4 (1): 22–59.