Macrohistory(Redirected from Macro-historical)
Macrohistory seeks out large, long-term trends in world history, searching for ultimate patterns through a comparison of proximate details. For example, a macro-historical study might examine Japanese feudalism and European feudalism in order to decide whether feudal structures are an inevitable outcome given certain conditions. Macro-historical studies often "assume that macro-historical processes repeat themselves in explainable and understandable ways". This approach can identify stages in the development of humanity as a whole such as the large-scale direction towards greater rationality, greater liberty or the development of productive forces and communist society, among others.
Examples of macro-historical analysis include Oswald Spengler's assertion that the lifespan of civilizations is limited and ultimately they decay, and Arnold J. Toynbee's historical synthesis in explaining the rise and fall of civilizations. The Battle of Ain Jalut is considered by many historians to be of great macro-historical importance, as it marked the high water point of Mongol conquests, and the first time they had ever been decisively defeated.
According to economists Robert Solow, Brian Snowdon, Jason Collins and to an article in the "Break Through & Mind Changing Idea" section of Wired (Japan), Oded Galor's unified growth theory is a macro-historical analysis that has significantly contributed to the understanding of process of development over the entire course of human history and the role of deep-rooted factors in the transition from stagnation to growth and in the emergence of the vast inequality across the globe. According to Wired (Japan) Galor's theory is a global theory comparable to Newton's "law of gravitation", Darwin's "evolution theory" or Einstein's "general relativity".
Macrohistory is distinguished from microhistory, which involves the rigorous and in-depth study of a single event in history. However, these approaches can be combined such as the case of studying the larger trends of post-slave societies, which include the examination of individual cases and smaller groups.
- Creasy, Edward Shepherd (1851). The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World.
- Spengler, Oswald (1918). The Decline of the West.
- McNeill, William H. (1976). Plagues and People.
- Rindos, David (1984). Origins of Agriculture: an Evolutionary Perspective.
- Diamond, Jared (1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies.
- Roberts, Neil (1998). The Holocene: An Environmental History.
- McNeill, J.R.; McNeill, William H. (2003). The Human Web: A Bird's-Eye View of World History.
- Galor, Oded (2011). Unified Growth Theory.
- Harari, Yuval Noah (2014). Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind.
Notes & ReferencesEdit
- Matthew C. Wells, Ph.D., Parallelism: A Handbook of Social Analysis. Archived August 24, 2011.
- Morris, Irwin; Oppenheimer, Joe; Soltan, Karol (2004). Politics from Anarchy to Democracy: Rational Choice in Political Science. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 224. ISBN 0804745838.
- Solow, Robert. "Endorsements". Princeton University Press.
- Snowdon, Brian (June 2008). "Towards a Unified Theory of Economic Growth. Oded Galor on the transition from Malthusian stagnation to modern economic growth. An interview with introduction by Brian Snowdon". World Economics. 2.9.
- ,Collins, Jason (2013). "Galor's Unified Growth Theory". Jason Collins Blog.
- Ishikawa, Yoshiko (2018). "The root of economic disparity is attributed to East Africa ten thousands of years ago: Professor Oded Galor's 'Unified Growth Theory'". Wired. 31.
- "English Translation of Yoshiko Ishikawa, 'The root of economic disparity is attributed to East Africa ten thousands of years ago: Professor Oded Galor's Unified Growth Theory'". 2018.
- Galor, Oded (2011). Unified Growth Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400838868.
- Graham, Shawn; Milligan, Ian; Weingart, Scott (2015). Exploring Big Historical Data: The Historian's Macroscope. London: Imperial College Press. p. 2. ISBN 9781783266081.
- Araujo, Ana Lucia (2017). Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Transnational and Comparative History. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 9781350010598.
- Christian, David G. (2005). "Macrohistory: The Play of Scales" (PDF). Social Evolution & History. 4 (1): 22–59.
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