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Ma Guoliang (simplified Chinese: 马国良; traditional Chinese: 馬國良; pinyin: Mǎ Guóliáng; Wade–Giles: Ma Kuo-liang) was a Hui Muslim military officer in the Qing dynasty, the son of General Ma Zhanao and younger brother of General Ma Anliang and older brother of Ma Suiliang (Ma Sui-liang) 馬遂良.[1] He helped crush a rebel Muslims in the Dungan revolt (1895–1896) along with his brother Ma Anliang, holding them off at Jishi pass.[2] His sons were Ma Tingbin (Ma T'ing-pin) 馬廷斌 aka Ma Quanqin 馬全欽, and Ma Jieqin 馬介欽.

Ma Guoliang
BornLinxia County, Gansu
AllegianceFlag of the Qing dynasty Qing dynasty
Years of service1895
Rankgeneral
Battles/warsSalar revolt

In 1917 Ma Anliang ordered Ma Guoliang to suppress a rebellion of Tibetans in Xunhua who rebelled because of taxes Ma Anliang imposed on them. Ma Anliang did not report it to the central government in Beijing and was reprimanded for it, and Ma Qi was sent by the government to investigate the case and suppress the rebellion.[3]

Ma Guoliang's son Ma Quanqin later defected to the Communists in 1949 and became a member of the Communist party.

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 甘、寧、青三馬家族世系簡表
  2. ^ Jonathan Neaman Lipman (2004). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 155. ISBN 0-295-97644-6. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  3. ^ 赵颂尧,马安良其人与民初的甘肃政争,西北民族大学学报(哲学社会科学版) 1989年第02期

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