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Ma Fuyuan (simplified Chinese: 马福元; traditional Chinese: 馬福元; pinyin: Mǎ Fúyuán; Wade–Giles: Ma Fu-yüan) was a Chinese Muslim general of the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army), who served under Generals Ma Zhongying and Ma Hushan. He was present with Ma Zhongying, Ma Shih-ming, Ma Shih-lu, and Ma Ho-ying during a meeting with Yulbars Khan. He fought against Uighur and Kirghiz rebels, of the First East Turkestan Republic, and against the pro soviet uighur Khoja Niyaz at Aksu, driving Khoja Niyaz to Kashgar.[1] He and General Ma Zhancang destroyed the First East Turkestan Republic after defeating uighur and Kirghiz fighters at the Battle of Kashgar (1934). Battle of Yarkand, and Battle of Yangi Hissar[2][3] Several British citizens at the British consulate were killed by the 36th division.[4][5][6][7] After entering Kashgar, he publicly proclaimed his allegiance to the Republic of China government in Nanjing, and announced that Ma Shaowu was reappointed as the Taoyin of Kashgar.

Ma Fuyuan
Allegiance China
Years of service1929–1937
Unit36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)
Commands held36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)
Battles/warsKumul Rebellion
Battle of Kashgar (1934)
Battle of Yarkand
Battle of Yangi Hissar

Ma Fuyuan's proclamation in 1934Edit



  1. ^ AP (1 February 1934). "REPULSE REBELS AFTER SIX DAYS". Spokane Daily Chronicle.
  2. ^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 246. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  3. ^ S. Frederick Starr (2004). Xinjiang: China's Muslim borderland. M.E. Sharpe. p. 79. ISBN 0-7656-1318-2. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  4. ^ AP (17 March 1934). "TUNGAN RAIDERS MASSACRE 2,000". The Miami News.
  5. ^ Associated Press Cable (17 March 1934). "TUNGANS SACK KASHGAR CITY, SLAYING 2,000". The Montreal Gazette.
  6. ^ The Associated Press (17 March 1934). "British Officials and 2,000 Natives Slain At Kashgar, on Western Border of China". The New York Times.
  7. ^ AP (17 March 1934). "2000 Killed In Massacre". San Jose News.

External linksEdit