MS Morska Wola
The MS Morska Wola, (previously Consul Horn, Hindhead and Rio Negro), was a Polish freighter during the Second World War. She was purchased in Norway by the Polish shipping company Gdynia America Line and named after a Polish emigrants settlement in Brasil.
|Owner:||HC Horn shipping|
|Port of registry:||Hamburg|
|Out of service:||1934|
|Operator:||Knoll Shipping Company|
|Port of registry:||London|
|Out of service:||1935|
|Name:||MS Rio Negro|
|Port of registry:||Oslo|
|Out of service:||1938|
|Name:||MS Morska Wola|
|Port of registry:||Gdynia|
|Out of service:||14 January 1959|
|Reclassified:||1952, fish-boats supply base ship|
|Class and type:||bulk carrier, since 1952 supply ship|
|Tonnage:||3376 BRT, 1973 NRT|
|Length:||96.40 m (316 ft 3 in)|
|Beam:||14.50 m (47 ft 7 in)|
|Draft:||6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)|
|Installed power:||diesel, 1400 hp|
|Speed:||8.5 knots (15.7 km/h; 9.8 mph)|
|Crew:||28 (as a supply ship: 150)|
The ship was built as Consul Horn in Kiel in 1924 by Friedrich Krupp AG for the HC Horn shipping company, which operated her out of Hamburg. On 31 December 1927 the ship ran aground on Ven, Sweden. She was refloated on 4 January 1928.
In 1934 she was acquired by the Knoll Shipping Company, registered in London and renamed as Hindhead. She was then acquired by A/S Sobral in 1936 and renamed Rio Negro, operating on shipping routes between Norway and South America. In 1938 she was acquired by the Polish shipping company Gdynia America Line, renamed as the Morska Wola and based in Gdynia.
World War IIEdit
In 1940, during the final days of the Battle of France, MS Morska Wola was in port in France, from which she escaped to the United Kingdom. She was then put to use in Northern Atlantic convoys. She took part in over 40 convoys, most notably, she was one of the ships who managed to escape, after the German heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer attacked convoy HX 84, thanks to the delaying action fought by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay. She returned to Poland at end of the war, operating on shipping routes to South America and the Levant.
In 1952 she was taken over by the Dalmor fishing company and converted to supply ship for fishing boats operating in the North Sea. As such she had capacity of 150 people. After six years of such work, she was crippled by damage and judged unworthy of repair. She was scrapped in 1959.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1931–32" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1934–35" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1936–37" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1938–39" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Piwowoński, Jan (1989). Flota spod biało-czerwonej (in Polish). Warsaw: Nasz Księgarnia. pp. 48–51.
- "Casualty reports". The Times (44779). London. 2 January 1928. col E-F, p. 24.
- "Casualty reports". The Times (44782). London. 5 January 1928. col B-C, p. 22.
- "Mother base "Morska Wola"". Fishing Fleets of Communist and Post-Communist Countries. Retrieved 24 February 2014.