Ludwig Blum (1891–1975) was a Moravian-born Israeli painter. He emigrated to Israel in 1923, as part of the Third Aliyah, and became known as "the painter of Jerusalem".

Ludwig Blum
Ludwig Blum (1891-1974).jpg
Ludwig Blum Memorial plaque in Brno-Líšeň
Jerusalem, Israel

Early lifeEdit

memorial plaque in Brno

Ludwig Blum was born in 1891 in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia.[1][2][3][4] He emigrated to Mandatory Palestine in 1923, as part of the Third Aliyah.[2][3][4] He served in the First World War.[4] He was privately educated in Vienna and later attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague.[1][3]


1939 painting of Rachel's Tomb by Ludwig Blum

Upon his arrival in Mandatory Palestine, and as a dedicated Zionist, Blum started paintings scenes of everyday life and landscapes in Israel.[3] He did many paintings of Jerusalem (including the Western Wall and the Mount of Olives), Tel Aviv, the Sea of Galilee and the Judaean Mountains.[3][5] Additionally, he painted some kibbutzes: Kiryat Anavim and Degania Alef, and the lives of Israeli soldiers, including the Palmach.[3][6][7] He also painted copper mines in the Timna Valley.[3] He also painted the Arch of Constantine in Rome, Italy, and a vase of roses.

Blum became known as "the painter of Jerusalem".[2][4] In 1933, his painting entitled simply Jerusalem was honoured at the Royal Academy of Arts in London.[1] In 1967, he received the Yakir Yerushalayim from the City of Jerusalem.[1]

In 2011 the Museum of Biblical Art in Manhattan held an exhibition of Blum's paintings.[8]


Blum died in 1975 in Jerusalem.[1]

Selected paintingsEdit

  • Jerusalem in the Snow (1927).[3]
  • Jerusalem, Temple Mount (1928).[3]
  • Vase of Rose (1931).[9]
  • Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim (1932).[3]
  • Kibbutz Degania (1934).[3]
  • The Judea mountains (1943).[10]
  • The Arch of Constantine (1944).[11]
  • Jerusalem, seen from Mount Scopus (1950).[12]
  • The Market in Jerusalem (1950).[13]
  • View of Jerusalem from the Hill of Evil Counsel (1951).[14]
  • Landscape (1956).[15]
  • Timna, Copper Mines (1957).[3]
  • View of Jerusalem (1962).[16]
  • Jerusalem, David's Tower and the Sultan's Pool, seen from Mishkanot Shaananim (1964).[17]
  • The Western Wall.[2]
  • The walled city of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives.[18]
  • Sea of Galilee.[19]
  • Portrait with a keffiyeh.[20]

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e "Ludwig Blum - Biography".
  2. ^ a b c d "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) The Western Wall".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Printed from The Jewish Press » Blog Archive » Ludwig Blum's Israel".
  4. ^ a b c d "Jerusalem and the Holy Land - MOBiA - Museum of Biblical Art".
  5. ^ Tel-Aviv, the First Century.
  6. ^ Culture and Customs of Israel.
  7. ^ The Sabra.
  8. ^ "Jerusalem and the Holy Land: The Paintings of Ludwig Blum (1891-1974)". Museum of Biblical Art. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) Vase of flowers".
  10. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) The Judea mountains".
  11. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) The Arch of Constantine, 1944 9 1/2 x 13 1/4in".
  12. ^ Christie?s. "LUDWIG BLUM (1891 - 1975)".
  13. ^ Christie?s. "LUDWIG BLUM (1891 - 1975)".
  14. ^ Christie?s. "Ludwig Blum (1891-1975)".
  15. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) Landscape".
  16. ^ Christie?s. "Ludwig Blum (1891-1975)".
  17. ^ Christie?s. "LUDWIG BLUM (1891 - 1975)".
  18. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) The walled city of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives unframed".
  19. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) Sea of Galilee".
  20. ^ "Bonhams : Ludwig Blum (Israeli, 1891-1975) Portrait with a keffiyeh".
  21. ^ The Real and the Ideal.