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Lucy Westenra is a fictional character in the novel Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker. The 19-year-old daughter of a wealthy family, she is Mina's best friend and Dracula's first English victim. She subsequently transforms into a vampire and is eventually destroyed.
|Created by||Bram Stoker|
|Species||Human, later: Vampire|
|Family||Mrs. Westenra (mother)|
Lucy Westenra is a 19-year old woman, "blonde, demure, and waiting for the right man to come along to marry her". She is, however, not a passive woman, and clearly expresses her sexual desires: she has three suitors, and writes to her friend Mina that she would like to marry all of them. All three propose to her on the same day - Arthur Holmwood, the wealthy son of Lord Godalming; Quincey Morris, an American; and Dr John Seward, a psychiatrist - and she chooses the former. She is prone to sleepwalking and is attacked by Dracula, who gradually drains her of her blood until it eventually proves fatal. In her final moments, her vampire side emerges and nearly tries to bite Arthur. But Lucy regains her senses and request Van Helsing to protect him which he obliges to before apparently passing. A week after her burial, she rises and subsequently becomes a vampire, attacking children. She is then confronted and eventually destroyed by Van Helsing and her suitors, allowing Lucy to rest in peace. Lucy's death and subsequent transformation as a vampire motivate her suitors and Mina to join forces with Van Helsing and Jonathan Harker in hunting Dracula in retaliation.
Critical readings, historical backgroundEdit
According to Sally Ledger, Lucy "is at first sight an archetype of Victorian femininity--blonde, demure, and waiting for the right man to come along to marry her" but later shares characteristics with the then-new feminist ideal of the New Woman.
Leslie Ann Minot pointed out, in a 2017 essay on Lucy Westenra and other 19th century female characters, that if Dracula is an overt portrayal of a sexualized monster, then Westenra is problematic since her attacks on children would then equate to "the sweet Lucy sexually molesting toddlers"; Minot sees this as one reason why the character has received less attention than others. She historicizes the character (and the novel) by placing it against a backdrop of a number of well-publicized cases of child molestation and abuse of children by mother figures, particularly in the context of baby farming (she cites the case of Margaret Waters). Victorian society had begun to take an interest in the welfare of children, resulting in the Factory Act of 1891 and the foundation of the SPCC, which would become the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
Stoker was well aware of these developments, and was close friends with W. T. Stead, the newspaper editor who supported the SPCC, published lurid accounts of child abuse, and was himself jailed for the abduction of a 13-year old girl, which he organized as a demonstration. Stoker used newspaper clippings in the novel which are pastiches of the sensationalist writings of Stead and others about child prostitution, in particular Stead's "The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon", and he describes the lower-class victims in much the same way. Their childish talk leads to "bloofer lady", as a child's way of saying "beautiful lady". This "bloofer lady" talks to children and lures them with the promise of riches and games, and after their return, bearing bite marks, become emaciated and weak and wish to return to the "bloofer lady". All this is described in language similar to that of newspaper reports on women seducing children into prostitution. Minot also called Lucy "a demonic mother-parody, taking nourishment from children instead of giving it".
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- Ruth Landshoff appears as Annie (a character similar to Lucy), the wife of shipbuilder Harding, in the 1922 German silent film Nosferatu.
- Frances Dade was the first young woman to play the speaking role in the cinema in the first film of Universal Studios' Dracula series, though her character was credited as Lucy Weston. In the Spanish-language version of the same year, Carmen Guerrero portrays Lucia Weston. In both films, her death after becoming a vampire occurs off-screen, and is only implied in the English version.
- In 1958, Hammer Films' Dracula Lucy is Arthur Holmwood's sister, and her fiancé is Jonathan Harker. She becomes a victim, and later "bride" of Dracula as revenge against Jonathan Harker for destroying his former bride. Lucy meets the same fate as her literary character, although she tries to attack Arthur before being destroyed. She is played by Carol Marsh.
- Susan George played another Lucy Weston in a TV version of Dracula in 1968. In this version she is the one who bites Mina and turns her into vampire.
- In 1970, Soledad Miranda portrayed Lucy Westenra in Count Dracula by Jesus Franco.
- Dan Curtis's 1973 TV version of Dracula starred Fiona Lewis as Lucy Westenra. In this version, Lucy's character was Dracula's reincarnated love.
- The BBC's version of Dracula saw Susan Penhaligon as Lucy Westenra in 1977. This version was first aired in the US as part of the Great Performances series.
- The characters of Lucy and Mina were switched in 1979 film Nosferatu: Phantom der Nacht. In this version Lucy Harker is wife of Jonathan Harker and Dracula’s second and main victim. She is played by Isabelle Adjani. What was the Stoker's Lucy role is now named Mina, she is the first one to be killed by vampire. She is played by Martje Grohmann.
- Kate Nelligan plays Lucy Seward in 1979's Dracula starring Frank Langella. Lucy's character is similar to Mina Murray's in the novel, and Broadway play version. This character survives Dracula's power, and only momentarily becomes his bride. What was the Stoker's Lucy role is now named Mina Van Helsing, the daughter of Dr. Abraham Van Helsing, who arrives after her death, finds her to be a vampire and kills her. She is played by Jan Francis.
- In Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992), directed by Francis Ford Coppola, Lucy is played by Sadie Frost. Lucy is eroticized much further than her literary incarnation, becoming more than seductive and coquettish, even tempting. As a spoiled child of aristocracy, she talks with artlessness and frankness, bordering on the indecent, though at the same time remaining a kind-hearted and sweet young girl. Unlike her friend Mina, who stays resolute, Lucy's flirty nature is to be her downfall. She is drawn into Dracula’s claws because of her sleepwalking.
- Lucy Westenra was played by Lysette Anthony in Mel Brooks' parody Dracula: Dead and Loving It (1995).
- In Dracula 2000, singer Vitamin C played Lucy Westerman, one of Dracula's vampire brides. The character shows no similarity to the original character.
- In Michael Oblowitz's 2001 movie The Breed, Lucy Westenra, played by Bai Ling, is a wealthy beautiful vampire artist and has a human detective boyfriend.
- In Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's Diary, a 2002 ballet/silent film version directed by Guy Maddin, dancer Tara Birtwhistle portrayed Lucy Westenra.
- In BBC One's 2006 adaptation of Dracula, Lucy was played by Sophia Myles. Her character remained largely unchanged, although she serves as an unintentional catalyst for events as her husband, Arthur Holmwood, arranges for Dracula to come to Britain in the hope that Dracula will be able to cure him of the syphilis that prevents him from consummating his marriage to Lucy.
- Lucy was played by Asia Argento in the 2012 film Dracula 3D. In this version she is named Lucy Kisslinger.
- In NBC's 2013 production of Dracula, Lucy Westenra is played by Katie McGrath. In this version, Lucy is bisexual and harbors secret romantic feelings for Mina.
- In the BBC's 2020 Dracula miniseries, Lucy Westenra, played by Lydia West, is re-imagined as a modern, promiscuous party girl, and a willing victim/associate of Dracula.
- The first stage production was an adaptation by Stoker himself, performed only once, at the Lyceum Theatre on 18 May 1897 under the title Dracula, or The Undead; Miss Foster played the part of Lucy Westenra.
- In 1927, Dorothy Peterson originated the role of Lucy Seward in the Broadway stage play version of Dracula. In this version the characters of Lucy and Mina were combined to create Dr. Seward's daughter, who falls under Dracula's power but is saved from death at the end of the play. Marcella Gaudel starred as Lucy in the revival of the play in 1931.
- Ann Sachs played the role of Lucy, in yet another revival of the play in 1977. Lauren Thompson replaced Sachs in the role some time later before the play closed in 1980.
- In the Argentinian Drácula, el musical, by Pepe Cibrián and Angel Mahler, Lucy was played by Paola Krum (1991 and 1992), Alejandra Radano (1994), Karina K (1997), Romina Groppo (2000), Georgina Frere (2003), Florencia Benítez (2007), Georgina Reynaldi (2007), Luna Perez Lening (2011).
- In Drácula Siglo XXI (2011) by Argentinian composer Pablo Flores Torres, she is played by Gabriela Moya Grgic
- In Dracula, The Musical, which opened on Broadway in 2004, Lucy Westenra was played by Kelli O'Hara.
- In 2006, Gabrielle Destroismaisons portrayed Lucy in a French Canadian musical production Dracula - Entre l'amour et la mort.
- In 2011, Anaïs Delva played the role of Lucy Westenra in the French musical Dracula – L'amour plus fort que la mort.
- Lucy appears in Marvel Comics adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula # 2-3. Lucy is portrayed as in the novel as a nineteen-year-old beauty who is killed along with her mother by Count Dracula in 1890 after Abraham Van Helsing tries to save her life.
- In the second volume of the 2012 Wildstorm/DC Comics mini seriss, Victorian Undead: Victorian Undead II: Sherlock vs Dracula, she's one of the antagonists of the book due to the story of Dracula mostly playing out as in the novel, only here she survives the staking attempt due to Arthur helping her escape and both serving Dracula. She attacks the protagonists twice in the book (Issue 2 and 4 respectively), in the first encounter, Sherlock Holmes scars her face with a flare gun, to which she kills Arthur in issue 3 to heal herself. In the second encounter, she leads the Brides of Dracula in an attack when the men raid a hideout of Dracula's. When the protagonists kill two of the brides, she bargains with them to spare her life and kills the final one as a favor before fleeing. Expressing to Harker her regret that Mina (who, in this story, kills herself after being bitten to keep from turning) couldn't experience vampirisim with her, showing despite becoming a monster, she still considered Mina her friend. She isn't seen again for the remainder of the book and still at large by the end of the story. Here, she's depicted as red-haired, likely a allusion to the '92 Dracula movie.
- In December, 2010, Simon and Schuster (Gallery Books) released "The Secret History of Elizabeth Tudor, Vampire Slayer" purportedly as told to Lucy Weston.
In 1938, the CBS radio series The Mercury Theatre on the Air made its debut with Dracula. Lucy appears in the middle of the broadcast as the ill fiancée of Arthur Seward, and it is only later established that she is a victim of Dracula. Elizabeth Farrell performed as Lucy, opposite Orson Welles.
- Ledger 101.
- Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF).
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- Cardullo 137, 276.
- Browning and Picart 50.
- Browning and Picart 287.
- Tardit, Patrick (16 December 2013). "Anaïs, reine de Disney" (in French). Vosges Matin.
- "The Secret History of Elizabeth Tudor, Vampire Slayer". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
- Browning, John Edgar; Picart, Caroline Joan (Kay) (2014). Dracula in Visual Media: Film, Television, Comic Book and Electronic Game Appearances, 1921-2010. McFarland. p. 50. ISBN 9780786462018.
- Cardullo, Bert (1987). Indelible Images: New Perspectives on Classic Films. University Press of America. ISBN 9780819161505.
- Ledger, Sallyl (1997). The New Woman: Fiction and Feminism at the Fin de Siècle. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719040931.
- Minot, Leslie Ann (2017). "Vamping the Children: The 'Bloofer Lady', the 'London Minotaur' and Child-Victimization in Late Nineteenth-Century England". In Maunder, Andrew; Moore, Grace (eds.). Victorian Crime, Madness and Sensation. Routledge. ISBN 9781351875929.