Lubomyr Husar MSU (Ukrainian: Любомир Гузар, Liubomyr Huzar; 26 February 1933 – 31 May 2017) was the major archbishop (first elected in independent Ukraine) of the Ukrainian Catholic Church, a minority church in Ukraine but the largest sui juris Eastern church in full communion with the Holy See. He was also a Cardinal of the Catholic Church. After the transfer of the see of Lviv to Kyiv in 2005, he was the Ukrainian Catholic Major Archbishop of Kyiv-Galicia. In February 2011 he became Major Archeparch Emeritus after he resigned due to ill health.
|Cardinal, Major Archbishop Emeritus of Kyiv-Galicia|
|Church||Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church|
|Elected||29 August 2005|
|Term ended||10 February 2011|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Sofia a Via Boccea|
|Ordination||30 March 1958|
by Ambrozij Andrew Senyshyn
|Consecration||2 April 1977|
by Josyf Slipyj
|Created cardinal||21 February 2001|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Lubomyr Lev Luka Husar|
|Born||26 February 1933|
Lwów, Second Polish Republic (present day Lviv, Ukraine)
|Died||31 May 2017 (aged 84)|
|Denomination||Ukrainian Greek Catholic|
|Residence||Kniazhychi, Kyiv Oblast|
|Coat of arms|
Early life and ordinationEdit
He was born in what is now the city of Lviv (now in Ukraine), in the family of Yaroslav Husar  and Rostyslava Demchuk. Luka Demchuk, the Priest of the Parish of village Kal'ne from 1909 to 1929, was the maternal grandfather of Cardinal Lubomyr Husar. Husar emigrated with his parents in 1944 during World War II due to the advancing Soviet Army. At first the Husar family briefly lived in Salzburg, Austria, then emigrated to the United States in 1949.
From 1950 to 1954 he studied at St. Basil College Seminary in Stamford, Connecticut. He studied at The Catholic University of America and Fordham University in the United States, and was ordained a priest on 30 March 1958 for the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Stamford.
From 1958 to 1969, he taught at St. Basil College Seminary and was pastor at Holy Trinity Ukrainian Catholic Church in Kerhonkson, New York between 1966 and 1969. In 1969, Husar went to Rome, where he spent three years earning a doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Urbaniana University. He then entered the Monastery of the Studites in Castel Gandolfo in Italy, and was named its Superior in 1974.
He was consecrated a bishop in 1977 in the Castel Gandolfo chapel by Major Archbishop Josyf Slipyj with help of titular bishop of Zigris Ivan Prasko and bishop of Toronto Isidore Borecky without papal approval (apostolic mandate) in an act which caused many irritations in the Roman Curia, as Roman canon law required papal permission for the consecration of a bishop, but at that time Eastern canon law did not. He was named Archimandrite (Archabbot) of the Studite Monks in Europe and America in 1978. He organized a new Studite monastery in Ternopil, Ukraine, in 1994, and was elected by the Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Church as exarch of the archiepiscopal exarchy of Kyiv and Vyshhorod in 1995, confirmed by the Pope the following year (February of 1996) by nominating to the titular see of Nisa di Licia. On 14 October 1996 the UGCC Synod of Bishops named Husar auxiliary of the Archbishop Major of Lviv as coadjutor with special delegations. In October of 1999 he attended the 2nd Special Assembly for Europe. Although once a citizen of the United States, Husar gave up his U.S. citizenship after transferring to Ukraine, and adopted the citizenship of Ukraine.
Major Archbishop and CardinalEdit
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Kyiv and Halych|
In December 2000, Pope John Paul II named Husar apostolic administrator of the Ukrainian Greek Major-Archeparchy of Lviv, and in January 2001 the Ukrainian Greek synod elected him Major Archbishop which was approved by the Pope the next day. On 21 February of that year Pope John Paul II made Husar Cardinal-Priest of Santa Sofia a Via Boccea. Cardinal Husar was one of the three Eastern Catholics to participate in the papal conclave, 2005, the others being Ignace Daoud of the Syriac Catholic Church and Varkey Vithayathil of the Syro-Malabar Church. (Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir and Stéphanos II Ghattas of the Maronite Church and Coptic Catholic Church respectively were both over 80 and therefore could not take part.) At that papal conclave, he was one of the cardinals considered papabile, something unusual for an Eastern Catholic. Also at that conclave, Cardinal Husar was the first Major-Archbishop from the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church ever to participate in a papal conclave as cardinal-elector.[a]
Husar was one of about a dozen like-minded European prelates who met annually from 1995 to 2006 in St. Gallen, Switzerland, to discuss reforms with respect to the appointment of bishops, collegiality, bishops' conferences, the primacy of the papacy and sexual morality; they differed among themselves, but shared the view that Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was not the sort of candidate they hoped to see elected at the next conclave.
The major archiepiscopal see of Lviv was moved on 21 August 2005, to the city of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. He was acclaimed by his followers as Patriarch of Kyiv-Galicia, a title not recognized by the Holy See.
In October 2007, Husar received an honorary doctorate from the Catholic University of America in conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the first assigning of a bishop of the UGCC to the United States.
In February 2008, a celebratory liturgy was held in the Basilica of Santa Sophia in Rome on the occasion of the 75th birthday and 50th anniversary of priesthood of Cardinal Husar. The Head of the UGCC was greeted by Pope Benedict XVI, whose address was read by the secretary of Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, Monsignor Maurizio Malvestiti.
In 2008 Viktor Yushchenko signed a decree to decorate Cardinal Husar with the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (the 3rd class). He was honoured with the highest state award "for his outstanding personal contribution in spiritual revival of the Ukrainian nation, longstanding church work, and to mark his 75th birthday".
With failing eyesight due to poorly treated eye disease forcing him to perform the church's intricate liturgical rites from memory, his early resignation was accepted on 10 February 2011 although normally the major archbishop serves for life. Cardinal Husar's resignation triggered a meeting of the Synod of the Ukrainian church, comprising its global body of bishops, to elect a new major archbishop, which must begin within a month. In the interim, Ihor Vozniak, C.SS.R., Archeparch of Lviv, served as administrator. The last time a Ukrainian Major Archbishop left office while living was in 1882. The new Major Archbishop, Sviatoslav Shevchuk, was elected by the Ukrainian Synod on 23 March and confirmed by Pope Benedict XVI on 25 March 2011.
On 26 February 2013, 2 days before the announced resignation of Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Husar turned 80 and lost his right to participate in a conclave.
He died on 31 May 2017 at the age of 84.
- The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church has had five archbishops and major-archbishops who were made cardinals including Cardinal Husar. Two of them, Mykhajlo Levitsky and Sylvester Sembratovych retained their title for such a short period of time that did not have the opportunity to participate in a conclave. Two others, Josyf Slipyj and Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky turned 80 and became ineligible to participate in a conclave under the terms of Pope Paul VI's 1971 motu propio Ingravescentem aetatem, a rule subsequently confirmed in the Apostolic Constitutions Romano Pontifici Eligendo (1975) and Universi Dominici Gregis (1996). Slipyj was 86 during the two conclaves of 1978 and thus did not take part and Lubachivsky died in 2000 at the age of 86 and so would not have been eligible to participate in the conclave of 2005 had he still lived.
Sources and referencesEdit
- Ярослав Гузар b. 1896 d. децембар 1963 (in Ukrainian)
- Ростислава Олександра Демчук (Гузар) b. 3 мај 1904 d. 23 август 1992 (in Ukrainian)
- Лука Демчук b. 1873 d. 6 март 1929 (in Ukrainian)
- "A Church that was supposed to disappear". Zenit News Agency. 15 November 2010.
- Apostolische Nachfolge. Ukraine. German [English] site of the German CSSp Province Archived 14 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
- The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church.
- Pentin, Edward (24 September 2015). "Cardinal Danneels Admits to Being Part of 'Mafia' Club Opposed to Benedict XVI". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- Pentin, Edward (26 September 2015). "Cardinal Danneels' Biographers Retract Comments on St. Gallen Group". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
- RISU News
- "Pope Honors Head of UGCC on Priesthood Anniversary", RISU News, February 2008
- RINUNCIA DELL’ARCIVESCOVO MAGGIORE DI KYIV-HALYČ Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Помер Любомир Гузар
- Cardinalrating pages concerning him
- An interview published in February 2004 by Zerkalo Nedeli (Mirror Weekly), Kyiv, in Ukrainian[permanent dead link] and in Russian[permanent dead link].
- Biography at Catholic-pages.com
- Biography at Catholic-hierarchy.com
|Catholic Church titles|
|New title|| Archepiscopal Exarch of Kyiv-Vyshhorod
2 April 1996–14 October 1996
Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky
| Major Archbishop of Lviv
25 January 2001–6 December 2004
as Archbishop of Lviv
|New title|| Archbishop of Kyiv
6 December 2004–10 February 2011
| Major Archbishop of Kyiv-Galicia|
21 August 2005–10 February 2011