Lowestoft (UK Parliament constituency)
Lowestoft was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Lowestoft in Suffolk. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Waveney and Great Yarmouth|
|Created from||East Suffolk|
The Northern or Lowestoft Division was one of five single-member county divisions of the Parliamentary County of Suffolk created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 to replace the existing two 2-member divisions for the 1885 general election. It was formed from parts of the Eastern Division of Suffolk. It became a county constituency from the 1950 general election and was abolished for the 1983 general election, being replaced by the county constituency of Waveney.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885-1918: The Borough of Southwold, the Sessional Divisions of Beccles, Bungay, Lothingland, and Mutford, part of the Sessional Division of Blything, and the part of the Borough of Great Yarmouth in the county of Suffolk.
As Great Yarmouth formed a separate Parliamentary Borough, only non-resident freeholders of the Borough were entitled to vote in this constituency.
1918-1950: The Boroughs of Beccles, Lowestoft, and Southwold, the Urban Districts of Bungay and Oulton Broad, the Rural Districts of Mutford and Lothingland, and Wangford, and in the Rural District of Blything the parishes of Benacre, Covehithe, Easton Bavents, Frostenden, Henstead, Reydon, South Cove, and Wrentham.
1950-1983: The Boroughs of Beccles, Lowestoft, and Southwold, the Urban Districts of Bungay and Halesworth, and the Rural Districts of Lothingland and Wainford.
Throughout its existence, the Lowestoft constituency covered the North-Eastern corner of Suffolk and, although encompassing some rural areas, drew the majority of its voters from the towns of Lowestoft, a resort and fishing port, and Beccles; it also included the smaller towns of Bungay and Southwold, with its brewing interests.
The constituency established in 1885, which was formally named The Northern or Lowestoft Division of Suffolk (and was sometimes referred to simply as "Suffolk North"), also included the town of Halesworth and the rural areas in between. In the boundary changes of 1918, when the constituency became simply the "Lowestoft Division of East Suffolk" or East Suffolk, Lowestoft, Halesworth was transferred to the neighbouring Eye division.
At the 1950 general election, Halesworth was once more placed in the revised Lowestoft County Constituency, but it otherwise underwent only minor changes to reflect local government reorganisation. The boundaries were not altered in the boundary review implemented in 1974.
The constituency was revised in 1983 and renamed Waveney, as its new boundaries were now identical with those of the local government district of that name. The new constituency was very similar to the old Lowestoft one except a small area in the north, including Bradwell (comprising about 10,000 voters), which had been transferred from Suffolk to Norfolk as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, and was now transferred to the county constituency of Great Yarmouth.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Heneage Charles Bagot-Chester||3,743||46.4||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Liberal Unionist||Savile Crossley||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+17.3|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.9|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.0|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: Edward Beauchamp
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|National Liberal||Brograve Beauchamp||6,205||24.9||N/A|
|Labour||Robert Arthur Mellanby||4,511||18.1||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Labour||Robert Arthur Mellanby||4,788||19.7||+1.6|
|Labour||Robert Arthur Mellanby||6,570||24.8||+5.1|
|Liberal||Albert Edward Owen-Jones||10,707||31.3||+6.7|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||E. J. C. Neep||10,894||32.3|
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Pierse Loftus
- Labour: A D Belden
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal||Matthew P Crosse||6,545||21.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Philip Geoffrey Whitefoord||17,516||37.68|
|Liberal||Ruth Crisp English||8,132||17.49|
|Conservative||Alfred Henry Willetts||22,744||49.09|
|Conservative||J T Griffiths||21,672||47.88|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||−3.1|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Charles Gordon A. Steele||4,911||9.79|
|Labour||Michael D Cornish||23,705||45.34|
|Liberal||David R Crome||4,513||8.63|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||Douglas A Baker||23,319||40.98|
|Liberal||David R Crome||4737||8.33|
|Labour||Douglas A Baker||22,553||35.26|
|Labour||Douglas A Baker||23,448||39.00|
- "'Lowestoft', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "The Northern or Lowestoft Division of the County of Suffolk". Lowestoft Journal. 12 December 1885. p. 4. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Wodehouse, John (1997). Hawkins, Angus; Powell, John (eds.). The Journal of John Wodehouse, First Earl of Kimberley for 1862-1902. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521623285.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Robert Waller, The Almanac of British Politics (1st edition, London: Croom Helm, 1983)
- Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1913
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)