Louis-Antoine Gaultier

Louis-Antoine Gaultier (1898–1970) was a général of the French Army who served mainly in the French Foreign Legion.

Officier général francais 2 etoiles.svg
Louis-Antoine Gaultier
Nickname(s)Le Magnifique
"The Magnificent"
BornSeptember 25 1898
Guelma, Algeria
DiedMarch 11 1970 (age 71)
Toulon, France
Allegiance France
Service/branchFrench Army
Flag of legion.svgFrench Foreign Legion
Years of service1917–1955
RankGénéral de brigade
Commands heldCommunal Depot of the Foreign Regiments
DCRE (1945–1949)
1st Foreign Infantry Regiment
1er REI
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
Other workFlag of legion.svgFSALE President
(1966–1969)

Military careerEdit

World War IEdit

Louis-Antoine prepared the admission entrance of École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr when he was mobilized in 1917. Assigned to the 4th Zouaves Regiment (French: 4e Régiment de Zouaves), he was promoted to Caporal (Corporal) then Sergent (Sergeant) and Aspirant at the end of the war.

Nominated as a Sous-lieutenant on February 1 1919 at the 1st Foreign Regiment 1er RE, he remained in the Legion almost his entire career.

Interwar periodEdit

Nominated as a Sous-lieutenant on February 1 1919 at the 1st Foreign Regiment 1er RE, he remained in the Legion almost his entire career.

He served in Algeria and then Morocco with the 4th Foreign Infantry Regiment 4e REI. Gaultier was promoted to Captain on March 25 1932.

In May 1939, he left Morocco and the Legion for a posting with the 91st Line Infantry Regiment (French: 91e Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne).

World War IIEdit

As of February 1940, he found the legion back again by receiving the commandment of a battalion of the 11th Foreign Infantry Regiment 11e REI during the combats from May to June 1940.

Promoted to the rank of Chef de bataillon (CommandantMajor) on June 11 1940, he managed to escape after the capitulation of his army corps and made way to join the Zone libre.

He joined the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment 2e REI at the beginning of 1941 in Morocco. In 1943, he was assigned to the 3rd Foreign Regiment 3e RE, he joined, with his unit, the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion RMLE. Chief of the general staff headquarters of the regiment, he was promoted to Lieutenant-colonel on December 25 1943. With the death of regimental commander of the RMLE, he received the provisionary command of the regiment, from December 1944 to March 1945, prior to command being delegated to Colonel Jean Olié.

On June 25 1945, he was promoted to the rank of Colonel at the 21 Line Infantry Regiment (French: 21e Régiment d'Infanterie).

After-warEdit

On December 1945, he assumed command of the Communal Depot of the Foreign Regiments (French: Dépôt Commun des Régiments étrangers, DCRE) at Sidi Bel Abbès. It was under his command and his impulsion that Képi Blanc, the monthly of the French Foreign Legion.

In 1949, the DCRE became the 1st Foreign Infantry Regiment 1er REI.

He left indefinitely the Legion on June 2 1950, at the end of his commandment time.

He was accordingly nominated as assistant (French: adjoint) général Commandant of the subdivision of Montpellier, before taking his retirement as général on July 1 1955.

RetirementEdit

On September 17 1966, he was elected as President of the French Foreign Legion Veteran Societies Federation (Légion étrangère) (FSALE).

On December 1969, he left the Presidency of the association and died in March of the following year in Toulon.

Recognitions and honorsEdit

     
   

He received a total of 11 citations.

He wrote notably:

  • C'est la Légion, Impression française, Marseille, 1972 (with Colonel Jacquot)
  • Acte de foi dans la Légion étrangère

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Division Histoire et patrimoine de la Légion étrangère
  • Képi Blanc