3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment
The 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (French: 3e Régiment étranger d'infanterie, 3e REI) is an infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion. The regiment is stationed in French Guiana. Missions for the regiment are numerous and vary while also including the protection of the Centre Spatial Guyanais, a European Space Agency facility.
|3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment|
(3ème Régiment étranger d'infanterie)
Regimental badge of 3ème REI
|Active||Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion
|Allegiance||French Foreign Legion|
|Garrison/HQ||Kourou, French Guiana|
|Colors||Green & Red|
|March||Anne-Marie du 3ème étranger|
|Engagements||World War I|
World War II
First Indochina War
*Battle of Route Coloniale 4
*Battle of Nà Sản
*Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Global War on Terrorism (2001–present)
|Général Rollet (RMLE)|
|Insignia of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment|
The 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment 3e REI in its function, like all the various regiments of the Legion, is an elite regiment. The 3e REI and all regiments of the French Foreign Legion, under French command, differentiate from all armies of the world due to, that their Legion Majors, Legion Adjudant Chefs and Legion Adjudants, form both a French and non-French (Foreign) elite composition.
History, creation and different nominationsEdit
- On November 11, 1915; the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) was created from the veterans of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th Marching Regiments of the 1st Foreign Regiment, R.M.1erR.E, (Marching Regiment of the 1st Foreign Regiment) and from the 2nd Marching Regiment of the 2nd Foreign Regiment '2èmeR.M.2èmeR.E (2nd Marching Regiment of the 2nd Foreign Regiment).
- On November 15, 1920; the (R.M.L.E) was designated the 3rd Foreign Regiment, (3èmeR.E).
- On June 20, 1922; the 3rd Foreign Regiment became the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (3èmeR.E.I).
- On December 5, 1942; a Foreign Legion and Colonial Infantry Demi-Brigade (D.B.I.C.L.E) was created from the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (3ème R.E.I). On December 15, the Colonial Infantry Demi-Brigade became the 3rd Foreign Marching Infantry Regiment, 3ème Régiment étranger d'infanterie de marche (3ème R.E.I.M).
- On July 1, 1943; the 3ème R.E.I.M became again the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E)
- On July 1, 1945; at the end of the World War II, the R.M.L.E was redesignated as the 3ème R.E.I.
- On April 1, 1948; a foreign parachute company was formed and designated as the Parachute Company of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Para Co. 3ème R.E.I.
Campaigns since 1915Edit
World War I (1914–1918)Edit
The most decorated regiment in the Foreign Legion, the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (3ème R.E.I) is heir to the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E) created in 1915. The R.M.L.E distinguished itself during the siege of de Belly-en-Santerre, on July 4, 1916; then found glory on September 14, 1918 during the piercing of the Hidenberg Line, under orders of regimental commander Lieutenant-Colonel Rollet, the father of the Legion. With 9 citations earned at the orders of the armed forces during the World War I, the R.M.L.E obtained the double fourragère with ribbon colors of the Legion of Honour and the Croix de Guerre 1914–1918.
World War II (1939–1945)Edit
The R.M.L.E was stationed in Morocco in 1920, where it was designated for the first time as the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment; the regiment subsequently took part in combat in the Rif and in various campaigns around the country. In 1943, the R.M.L.E was reformed and subsequently engaged in combat operations against the German forces at Mansour mountain, in Tunisia, before participating in the campaign of France from 1944 to 1945 within the ranks of the 5th Armored Division. Following theses events, the regiment reached the Rhine, conquered Stuttgart, and made way to Austria during the moment of the armistice. With three new citations, the regiment obtained a fourragère with ribbon colors of the Croix de Guerre 1939–1945, materialized on the double fourragère obtained during the first World War. The R.M.L.E was also decorated by the "United Distinguished Badge U.S. " with inscription " Rhine-Bavarian Alps ".
The Legion recorded that 42,883 men served on the western front in the Marching Regiments of the 1st Foreign Regiment and 2nd Foreign Regiment of the R.M.L.E having suffered 5,172 killed and around 25,000 wounded or missing, a total of 70% casualties over the course of the war. At the end of the war, the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion, R.M.L.E was the second most decorated regiment in the French Army.
Following World War II, the R.M.L.E returned to Morocco and retook the denomination of 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment. Nevertheless, idle time was short term and the regiment was moved to Indochina as of December 1945. Subsequently, the regiment took positions around colonial routes 3 and 4. Ambushes, base and convoy attacks followed. In 1948, the first known parachute unit was founded; specifically the Parachute Company of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Para Co. 3ème R.E.I before being absorbed one year later by the corps of the 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion, 1er B.E.P.
While combat intensified on July 25, 1948; the battle of Phu Tong Hoa took place. The combat company of Captain Cardinal resisted heroically and held the line for 9 hours against non-stop assaults of the Việt Minh. In 1950, chef de battalion commander Forget and the entire 3rd battalion disappeared at Cao Bằng on route colonial 4 in a traditional Foreign Legion battlefield. Nevertheless, the regiment was still engaged in combat at Đông Khê, Bac Khan and Dien Bien Phu in 1954. The regiment had already lost the equivalent of 5 battalions in Indochina. With four new citations, the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment obtained a fourragère with ribbon colors of the Médaille militaire, and with colors of the ribbon of the Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures. In the Indochina campaign, the regiment had lost seventy-seven officers, three hundred and sixty-four NCOs, three-thousand three-hundred and ninety-six other ranks: a total of three-thousand eight-hundred and thirty-seven Legionnaires.
In December 1954, the regiment disembarked at Bône in Algeria. The regiment was put in charge of the difficult sector of Aures Nementchas. Following the departure of the 3rd battalion for Madagascar, in 1957, the regiment intervened specially in the north and along the Tunisian dam. In 1962, the regiment was based in Madagascar, at Diego Suarez, where its members adapted to the tropical surroundings.
On September 11, 1973, the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment garrisoned at Kourou in Guyana. In a fast tempo, the regiment marked the territory, took charge and pierced the route towards the east which is supposed to link Cayenne to the Brazilian frontier while investing time operations around the Guiana Space Centre, planetary mission accomplishments for which the regiment received the vermeil medal from the National Centre for Space Studies, C.N.E.S.
The Jungle Training Center, (C.E.F.E) sees daylight in 1986 at Régina, near the Approuague, which became the French reference in material of survival and jungle tropical forest combats. 35,000 jungle-brevets were issued by the C.E.F.E since creation.
The organization of the regiment witnessed several modifications during that time. In 1986, the equipment and materials company was dissolved and replaced by a reconnaissance company. In 1998, the 3rd combat company was replaced by a rotating combat company, also dissolved in 2003 for two proterre units, before being recreated permanently in 2010, in order to give way in response to the various accelerations of mission rhythms.
In 2004, the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment engaged in Operation Carbet (French: Opération Carbet), in Haiti. In 2008, the president of the republic launched Operation Harpie (French: Opération Harpie), with point to combat illegal activities in deep jungle (mainly illegal gold-mining activities). This mission became permanent and was also reinforced in 2010. The regiment was mainly in charge of sector Oyapock, at the Brazilian frontier, while supporting forces of the gendarmerie. At end of 2011, while the Ensemble de Lancement Soyouz became operational, the Regiment ensured protection around the area.
- 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment (1915–present)
Since creation of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, 7216 Legionnaires have died for France. In 2013, the regiment celebrated the passing of 40 years in Guyana, where 50 legionnaires have thus far lost their lives.
- Operation Titan
The mission of the regiment revolves around the protection of the Guiana Space Centre (French: Centre Spatial Guyanais, CSG). Prior and before each space launch, under a prefectoral requisition at the corps of an inter-armed contingent, the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment conducts search reconnaissance patrols in the exterior zones around the launching area in order to prevent any compromising intrusion. Each planetary space launch requires the prevention deployment of 2-3 combat companies. Simultaneously, the regiment also ensures the defense of the sensitive installations in relation to the launch site towards low altitude aerial threats by the CA (Compagnie d'Appui). End of 2011, the Guiana Space Center, integrated the Soyouz and Vega launchers, to which the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment would ensure the usual front line surrounding protection.
- Operation Harpie
Initiated in 2008 and reinforced in 2010, Harpie is an interministerial operation of significant magnitude aimed to fight against illegal clandestine mining activities. The 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, intervened under prefectoral requisistion in support of forces of the gendarmerie. Launching operations from Saint-Georges and Camopi on the Oyapock, combat sections conduct jungle patrol warfare intervention operations that last from a couple of days to a couple of weeks. These jungle operations require specific operational preparations and perfect savoire-faire and connaissance around the equatorial jungle forests.
- Instruction and training to life and combat in the Jungle
Centre d'entraînement en forêt équatoriale (C.E.F.E)
Situated in Regina, on the shores of the Approuague, in an exceptional environment, the Jungle Training Center (French: Centre d'entraînement en forêt équatoriale, C.E.F.E) is the French reference of equatorial forest domain, and one of the 4 "jungle instrcution centers" internationally recognized. The mission of the C.E.F.E is to train, teach, and combat ready French and foreign units who participate in various instructions related to combat in the jungle. The C.E.F.E is renowned around the world for being equipped with highly qualified if not the best jungle warfare senior instructors and aid-moniteur in the world. Created in 1986, the C.E.F.E graduated 35,000 brevet-badges.
- A Regional Sea Continental Operational Force
The 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment is projected in the Caribbean South America. The regiment is a prepositionned operational force capable to intervene at any moment in the Caribbean South America zone, such was the case in 2004 during Operation Carbet in Haïti.
- Pionniers de la Légion étrangère
- Compagnie de Commandement et de Soutien (CCS) – Command and Support Company (mixed regular / 4 month tours) including the SAED (Section d'Aide à l'Engagement Débarqué – the Regiment's recon platoon, all regular)
- 2ème compagnie (2ème Cie) – 2nd Infantry Company (an administration and logistic platoon, 3 combat platoons and a support platoon)
- 3ème Compagnie (3ème Cie) – 3rd Infantry Company (an administration and logistic platoon, 3 combat platoons and a support platoon) (replaced between 1998–2010 by a 4-month-tour unit, re-created as regular in 2010)
- Compagnie d'appui (CA) – Support Company (air defense) (on 4-month tours, an administration and logistic platoon, 2 SHORAD platoons)
- Compagnie de Réserve (4ème Cie) – Reserve Company (formed in 2010)
Insignia of the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion, R.M.L.E
Chant de Marche : Anne-Marie du 3e REI lyrics in German:
Mein Regiment, mein Heimatland
Meine Mutter hab' ich nie gekannt
Mein Vater starb schon früh im Feld, ja Feld
Ich bin allein auf dieser Welt. (bis)
Anne-Marie, das ist mein Nam'
Den ich vom Regiment bekam
Mein ganzes Leben lasse ich, ja ich
Fur's Bataillon da sterbe ich. (bis)
Wenn's Regiment früh ausmarschiert
Der Tambur seine Trommel rührt
Tausch ich mit keiner Fürstin nicht, ja nicht
Sie lebt nicht glücklicher als ich. (bis)
Ein Offizier den mag ich nicht
Weil er den Mädchen viel verspricht
Ein Legionär nur soll es sein, ja sein
Ihm schenke ich mein Herz allein. (bis)
Mein Name ist Anne-Marie
Ein jeder kennt mich schon
Ich bin ja die Tochter vom ganzen
- Cameróne 1863
- Artois 1915
- Champagne 1915
- Bataille de la Somme 1916
- Les Monts de Verdun 1917
- Picardie-Soissonnais 1918
- Vauxaillon 1918
- Maroc 1921–34
- Djebel Mansour 1943
- Alsace 1944–1945
- Stuttgart 1945
- Indochine 1946–1954
- AFN 1952–1962
The 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, heir to the traditions and being the former Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion is actually in its class and in a single forming, the most decorated Regiment of France, along with the Marine Tank Infantry Regiment (RICM).
Regimental colors of the 3e REI are decorated with:
- Knight Cross of the Légion d'honneur
- Médaille militaire
- Croix de Guerre 1914–1918 with 9 palms, allowing the double fourragère in colours of Légion d'honneur and croix de guerre.
- Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 with 3 palms, allowing the 1939–1945 olive on the aforementioned fourragère.
- Croix de guerre théâtre d'opérations extérieures with 5 palms, allowing the fourragère in colours of medaille militaire with the TOE olive.
- Mérite militaire chérifien (Morocco)
- Ordem Militar da Torre e Espada (Order of the Tower and Sword – Portugal)
- Medalla dels voluntaris catalans (Catalonia)
- Presidential Unit Citation with RHINE-BAVARIAN ALPS conferred May 6, 1946 by the United States.
- Médaille de vermeil of the National Centre for Space Studies of Kourou conferred for the first to a military unit.
U.S. Army Presidential Unit Citation RHINE-BAVARIAN ALPS
fourragère of the 3ème REI
Honorary Regimental Arms CelebrationEdit
The annual celebration day of inheritance for the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment is the piercing of the Hindenburg Line on September 14, 1918 by the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion.
Period 1915 -1920 : Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion
Period 1920–1943 : 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment 3e Régiment étranger d'Infanterie
Period 1943 -1945 : Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion
3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment
- "Les missions du 3e régiment étranger d'infanterie". Retrieved 31 December 2011.
-  Official Website of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, History of the 2e REP, The origins...
-  Official Website of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Historic of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, (1915–1945)
- Windrow, Martin (1999). French Foreign Legion 1914-1945. p. 8.
-  Official Website of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Historic of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment,(1945–1973)
- "History: 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment". French Foreign Legion Information. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
-  Official Website of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Historic of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment,(1973-Present)
-  Official Website of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Mission of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment
- "Les unités du 3e régiment étranger d'infanterie". Retrieved 31 December 2011.
-  Official Website of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, Historique, Chant du régiment
- Camerone is a Battle Honour shared by all Foreign Legion Regiments, no matter when it was formed.
- Arrêté relatif à l'attribution de l'inscription AFN 1952–1962 sur les drapeaux et étendards des formations des armées et services, du 19 novembre 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie
- Porch, Douglas. The French Foreign Legion. Harper Collins, New York, 1991. ISBN 978-0-06-092308-2
- Windrow, Martin (1996). French Foreign Legion 1914-1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-761-9.
- Windrow, Martin (1996). French Foreign Legion Since 1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-621-3.
- Tu Survivras Longtemps, Antoine Mattei