This is a list of the Lords, Barons and Marquisses of Baux.
List of rulers of BauxEdit
Lords of Baux of the House of BauxEdit
- Pons (971-?), father of
- Hugh I (?-1059), father of
- William I Hugh (1050–1110), father of
- Raymond I (1110–1150), father of
- Hugh II (1150–1167)
- Betrand I (1167–1181), brother of Hugh II
- Hugh III, lord of Baux, viscount of Marseille (1181–1240), eldest son of Bertrand I.
- Barral I of Baux (1240–1268), father of
- Bertrand III (1268–1305), father of
- Raymond II (1305–1322), father of
- Hugh IV (1322–1351), father of
- Robert (1351–1353)
- Raymond III (1353–1372), brother of Robert, father of
- John I (1372–1375)
- Alice I (1372–1426), sister of John
This branch of the House of Baux was declared extinct in 1426. The domains were inherited by Counts of Provence. The House of Baux moved to Italy on 1263 following Charles I of Anjou (see del Balzo).
Lords of Baux of the House of Valois-AnjouEdit
In 1482 the domains became part of the royal domain and the title passed to the French kings.
Lords of Baux of the House of ValoisEdit
- Louis I (1482–1483), also king of France as Louis XI
- Charles II (1483–1498), also king of France as Charles VIII
- Louis II (1498–1513), also king of France as Louis XII
- Francis I (1515–1547), also king of France as Francis I
- Henry I (1547–1559), also king of France as Henry II
- Francis II (1559–1560), also king of France as Francis II
- Charles III (1560–1574), also king of France as Charles IX
- Henry II (1574–1589), also king of France as Henry III
Lords of Baux of the House of BourbonEdit
- Henry III (1589–1610), also king of France and Navarre as Henry IV
- Louis III (1610–1643), also king of France and Navarre as Louis XIII
In 1513 Louis XII makes the Lordship of Baux into a Barony, which is ruled by a governor, who bears the title of baron.
From 1528 the Baron receives local assistance in the day-to-day governance of the Barony from a Captain-Visor.
Barons of BauxEdit
- Bernardin of Baux (1513–1528)
- Anne of Montmorency (1528–1567)
- Honoré of Martins (1567–1582)
- James of Bauche (1582–1621)
- Anthony of Villeneuve (1621–1631)
After the death of Anne in 1567, the Captain-Visors become the strongmen of the Barony.
Captains-Visors of BauxEdit
- Claude of Manville (1528-before 1553), his fonctions being assumed by his widow until 1553
- Pierre of Cotheron (1553–1560)
- John of Manville (1560–1562)
- John of Quiqueran-Ventabren (1562–1563)
- Gauchier of Quiqueran (1563–1564)
- Valentin of Grille (1564–1575)
- Peter of Véran (1575–1607)
- Peter of Savournin (1607–1618)
- Jack of Vérassy (1618–1631)
Marquesses of Baux of the House of GrimaldiEdit
- Anthony I
- Honoré I
- Honoré II
- Honoré III
- Florestan I until 1841
- Charles 1841 - 1856
- Albert I, 1856–1889
- Louis, 1889–1922
- Charlotte, 1922–1944
- Rainier, 1944–1958
- Albert II, 1958–2014
- Jacques, 2014–present
With the exception of Princess Charlotte, styled as HSH The Princess Charlotte, the Marquis of Baux is officially styled as HSH Hereditary Prince of Monaco or HSH Hereditary Princess of Monaco during their period as marquis or marquise.
Lords of Berre, Meyragues, Puyricard and Marignane branchEdit
- Bertrand II, second oldest son of Bertrand I of Baux, lord of Berre, Meyragues and Puyricard, and Marignane (1181–1201)
From this branch originated the family branches of the Lords of Berre, Lords of Meyrargues and Puyricard, who became extinct in 1349, and lords of Marignane, acquired by House of Valois-Anjou, as well as the Dukes of Andria.
Princes of Orange of the House of Baux-OrangeEdit
- Bertrand I of Baux (1171–1181)
- William I, count of Orange, youngest son of Bertrand I of Baux (1181–1218)
- Raymond I (1218–1282)
- Bertrand II (1281–1314)
- Raymond II (1314–1340)
- Raymond III (1340–1393)
- Mary of Baux-Orange (1393–1417), daughter, married John III of Châlon-Arlay
A brother of William I started the branch of the Lords of Courbezon (House of Baux-Courbezon), which became extinct in 1393. Another brother started the line of Lords of Suze, Solerieux and Barri (House of Baux-Suze-Solerieux-Barri), which became extinct and reverted afterwards to the counts of Orange.