London and Middlesex Archaeological Society

The London and Middlesex Archaeological Society (LAMAS) is a society founded in 1855 for the study of the archaeology and local history of the City of London and the historic county of Middlesex. It also takes an interest in districts that were historically in Surrey, Kent, Essex and Hertfordshire, but that now lie within Greater London. The Society receives support from the Museum of London, and works in close association both with the Museum and with Museum of London Archaeology. It acts to some extent as an umbrella organisation to support smaller archaeological and local history societies in the Greater London area. It hosts an Annual Conference of London Archaeologists and an annual Local History Conference.

London and Middlesex Archaeological Society
LAMAS logo.png
TypeLearned society
PurposeThe study of archaeology and local history within the City of London, Middlesex, and the Greater London area
Region served
Greater London
Gillian Tindall
Chair of Council
Harvey Sheldon


The Society was established in 1855 "for the purpose of investigating the antiquities and early history of the Cities of London and Westminster and the Metropolitan County of Middlesex".[1] The inaugural meeting was held on 14 December 1855 at Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate.[2] The primary instigators were George Bish Webb (who was already honorary secretary of Surrey Archaeological Society, established the previous year, and who became the first honorary secretary of LAMAS); and Rev. Thomas Hugo, curate of St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate (who became the first chairman of LAMAS).[3] Other founder members included Charles Boutell, Henry Christmas, George Gilbert Scott, and Charles Roach Smith.[2] Boutell served as honorary secretary from 23 July to 27 November 1857, but was dismissed for what was termed "improper" bookkeeping involving the disappearance of £56 15s received in subscription fees.[4][5] Also active in the early decades were John Gough Nichols and Edward Brabrook (the latter eventually serving as President from 1910 to 1930).[5] Sir Thomas Phillipps was another early supporter, but allegedly withdrew on learning that Hugo had expressed a wish to see the restoration of the monasteries.[6]


Individual membership in the Society is open to all. In the early years, and until the late 1870s, membership seems to have stood at around 400. The total subsequently started to decline, falling to 277 in 1891, 163 in 1905, and 132 in 1911. It then began to recover, rising to 232 in 1939, 350 in 1950, and nearly 500 in 1955.[2] The figure was 662 in 2004;[7] 675 in 2010;[8] and 608 in 2018.[9]

Any archaeological or local history society in the Greater London area may become an Affiliated Society of LAMAS. As of 2020, there were 53 such affiliate members.[10]


The Society's journal is entitled Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. It is published annually, and is issued free to members.

The historic numbering of the volumes of Transactions may cause confusion. The first volume was published in three parts between 1856 and 1860, and the final part of volume 6 appeared in 1890: these six volumes form what is now known as the "first series". The next volume was completed in 1905, and was numbered as volume 1 of the "new series". This new series continued to volume 11 (dated 1952). The decision was then taken to revert to the original scheme of numbering, and so the next volume, dated 1955, was numbered volume 18 (the numbers 12–17 having been omitted). Volume 69 is dated 2018.

All volumes of Transactions to volume 66 (2015) have been digitised, and are freely available to download from the Society's website.[11]

Since 1976, the Society has also published occasional monographs or collections of essays in its "Special Papers" series. The 17th volume in this series was published in 2014. The first 16 volumes have been digitised, and are available to download from the Society's website. Three additional volumes of Special Papers, dealing with excavations in Southwark, Lambeth and Staines, have been published jointly with the Surrey Archaeological Society.[12]

The Society publishes a Newsletter, which is produced three times a year and sent to all members. It is also available in digitised form on the Society's website.[13]

John Stow's monument in St Andrew Undershaft

Stow Memorial ServiceEdit

The Society is joint sponsor and organiser (with the Merchant Taylors' Company) of the regular Stow Memorial Service, held in the church of St Andrew Undershaft in the City of London. This commemorates the antiquary John Stow, author of the Survey of London (1598; second edition 1603), who is widely revered as the founding father of London history. The service is normally held close to the anniversary of Stow's death on 5 April, and includes an address by a respected London historian or archaeologist, and the replacement of the (real) quill pen held by Stow's effigy on his monument in the church.[14] The service was first held in its present form in 1924, and was then held annually until 1991, including the years of the Second World War.[2][15][16] No services could be held in 1992 or 1993 because of damage to the church caused by the Baltic Exchange bomb of 1992. The service was revived in 1994, but from 1996 to 2017 was held only once every three years.[17][18] The service due to take place in 2020 was cancelled because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[19]

LAMAS Research FundEdit

The Society awards small grants (envisaged as totalling approximately £3,000–£5,000 per annum) to support research into the archaeology and history of London and Middlesex. The grants are available to all full individual members of the Society. The scheme was inaugurated in 2005 to mark the Society's 150th anniversary.[20]


The Society's original device, engraved by Orlando Jewitt, used from 1855 to 1955

The Society's logo comprises a monochrome pseudo-heraldic coat of arms, combining elements of the authentic arms of the City of London, the City of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, as they normally appeared in the mid 19th century. The shield is quarterly, with the first and fourth quarters occupied by the arms of the City of London, the second by those of Westminster, and the third by those of Middlesex. The crest and supporters are taken from the arms of the City of London: a "Muscovy Hat" (or cap of maintenance), surmounted by a dragon's wing charged with a cross, for the crest; and two dragons charged on the wings with crosses for supporters. Beneath the arms, a motto scroll reads "1855", the year of the Society's foundation. The present rendition is by Kenneth Ody, and was introduced in 1955, the Society's centenary year.[21] In Ody's full design, the arms were placed within an oval border bearing the words "London and Middlesex Archaeological Society", but the border was often omitted, and was abandoned entirely in the early 1990s.

Ody's design was a reworking of the Society's original device, introduced at its foundation, and engraved by Orlando Jewitt (one of the original members). This showed the same combined arms, presented as if on a medieval seal, and surrounded by the legend +LONDON⋅AND⋅MIDDLESEX⋅ARCHÆOL⋅SOC⋅ESTAB⋅MDCCCLV. The only heraldic variation is that in Jewitt's design the supporters appear as wyverns (i.e. with only two legs), rather than four-legged dragons. By the mid-20th century, Jewitt's design was considered "perhaps a little crowded", and Ody was asked to redraw it to "represent the taste of 1955".[21]


The following have served as presidents of the Society:[2]


  1. ^ "London and Middlesex Archaeological Society". Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bridgmore Brown 1955.
  3. ^ Brooks 1985, pp. 204–5.
  4. ^ Levine, Philippa (1986). The Amateur and the Professional: antiquarians, historians and archaeologists in Victorian England, 1838–1886. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 54. ISBN 0-521-30635-3.
  5. ^ a b Brooks 1985, p. 213.
  6. ^ Nurse, Bernard; Bain, Iain (2004). "Hugo, Thomas (1820–1876)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14099. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ "149th Annual Report of LAMAS Council for the year ending 30th September 2004" (PDF). Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 55: vi–vii. 2004.
  8. ^ "155th Annual Report of LAMAS Council for the year ending 30th September 2010". Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 61: vii–ix. 2010.
  9. ^ "163rd Annual Report of LAMAS Council for the year ending 30th September 2018". Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 69: vii–ix. 2018.
  10. ^ "Affiliated Societies". London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Transactions Archive". London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Special Papers". London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  13. ^ "LAMAS Newsletter Archive". London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  14. ^ Many of the addresses delivered at the services are published in the Society's Transactions.
  15. ^ Taylor, A. J. (1974). "John Stow and his monument" (PDF). Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 25: 316–21.
  16. ^ Clark, John (January 2015). "John Stow and the mystery of the quill pen" (PDF). London and Middlesex Archaeological Society Newsletter. No. 143. pp. 4–5.
  17. ^ Clark 2015.
  18. ^ Paterson, Mike (6 April 2011). "John Stow Memorial Service – 6 April 2011". London Historians' Blog. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  19. ^ "The Stow Memorial Service" (PDF). London and Middlesex Archaeological Society Newsletter. No. 160. September 2020. pp. 7–8.
  20. ^ "LAMAS Research Fund". London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  21. ^ a b R. M. R. (1955). "The Society's device" (PDF). Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 18: vi.

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