London Convention (1884)

The London Convention was a treaty negotiated in 1884 between Great Britain, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic (Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek).[1] The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.

London Convention (1884)
The Boer Delegates, 1883-1884.png
Delegates from the South African Republic to the London Convention (1884).
ContextRetrocession of the South African Republic after the First Boer War
Signed27 February 1884
Effective27 February 1884
Expiration31 May 1902
Parties United Kingdom  Transvaal
London Convention at Wikisource

Historical backgroundEdit

The treaty governed the relations between the ZAR and Britain following the retrocession of the South African Republic in the aftermath of the First Boer War.


The South African Republic was represented by the following delegates:

Content of the conventionEdit

The convention incorporated the bulk of the earlier Pretoria Convention, but with two major differences.

Name of the countryEdit

Following the Pretoria Convention, the name of the South African Republic had been changed to the Transvaal Territory. At the request of the Transvaal Territory's Volksraad the name was restored to South African Republic.


The main outcome of the London Convention was that British suzerainty over the South African Republic was relinquished.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ G.W. Eybers (1917). Select Constitutional Documents Illustrating South African History, 1795–1910. pp. 469–470. OL 24129017M.