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Loknyansky District (Russian: Локнянский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast and borders with Kholmsky District of Novgorod Oblast in the northeast, Toropetsky District of Tver Oblast in the southeast, Velikoluksky District in the south, Novosokolnichesky District in the southwest, and with Bezhanitsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,412 square kilometers (931 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Loknya.[2] Population: 9,535 (2010 Census);[4] 13,268 (2002 Census);[8] 16,782 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Loknya accounts for 40.6% of the district's total population.[4]

Loknyansky District

Локнянский район
Polistovsky Nature Reserve, Loknyansky District
Polistovsky Nature Reserve, Loknyansky District
Coat of arms of Loknyansky District
Coat of arms
Location of Loknyansky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°50′N 30°09′E / 56.833°N 30.150°E / 56.833; 30.150Coordinates: 56°50′N 30°09′E / 56.833°N 30.150°E / 56.833; 30.150
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPskov Oblast[1]
Established1927Edit this on Wikidata
Administrative centerLoknya[2]
Area
 • Total2,412 km2 (931 sq mi)
Population
 • Total9,535
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
8,067 (-15.4%)
 • Density4.0/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Urban
40.6%
 • Rural
59.4%
Administrative structure
 • Inhabited localities[2]1 Urban-type settlements[6], 276 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asLoknyansky Municipal District[2]
 • Municipal divisions[2]1 Urban settlements, 6 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
OKTMO ID58618000
Websitehttp://loknja.reg60.ru/

Contents

GeographyEdit

The district is elongated from west to east. The northeastern part is occupied by swamps and is hardly populated. A part of it belongs to the Polistovsky Nature Reserve, one of the first wetland preserves in Russia, founded in 1994. It was created to protect the raised bog landscapes of the Polist-Lovat Swamp System.

The whole area of the district lies in the basin of the Lovat River and thus in the basin of the Neva. The Lovat crosses the eastern part of the district; its largest tributaries within the district are the Loknya River (left) and the Kunya River (right), the short stretch of the latter forming the border with Tver Oblast. There is a lake region in the west of Loknyansky District, with the largest lakes being Loknovo, Uzho, and Ale. Another lake of considerable size, Lake Dulovo, is located in the east of the district.

HistoryEdit

The area was populated since medieval times and was located on the waterways which connected Novgorod and Pskov with Velikiye Luki. In the 15th century, the pogost of Vlitsy was founded. Also in the 15th century, the region was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow.[10] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, it was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. The area was a part of Velikoluksky and Kholmsky Uyezds of Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Loknyansky District was established, with the administrative center in the work settlement of Loknya. It included parts of former Velikoluksky and Kholmsky Uyezds. The governorates were abolished as well and the district became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 of the same year, Loknyansky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 11, 1937, the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug. On May 4, 1938, the district was subordinated directly to the oblast. Between 1941 and 1944, Loknyansky District was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished and Loknyansky District was transferred to Pskov Oblast. The district was abolished on February 1, 1963 but re-established on January 12, 1965.[11]

On August 1, 1927, Troitsky District was established as well. It included parts of former Velikoluksky and Kholmsky Uyezds, and its administrative center was located in the selo of Troitsa-Khlavitsa. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast and was transferred to Western Oblast on June 17, 1929 with the rest of the okrug. In August 1930, the district was renamed Lovatsky. On September 20, 1930, the district was abolished and split between Kholmsky and Loknyansky Districts.[11]

Another district created on August 1, 1927 was Rykovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Skokovo.[clarification needed] It included parts of former Velikoluksky and Opochetsky Uyezds. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On September 20, 1930, Rykovsky District was abolished and split between Nasvinsky, Loknyansky, Novosokolnichesky, and Pustoshkinsky Districts.[11]

On August 1, 1927 Nasvinsky District was also established, with the administrative center in the settlement of Nasva. It included parts of former Velikoluksky Uyezd. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On June 17, 1929, the district was transferred to Western Oblast. On January 1, 1932, Nasvinsky District was abolished and split between Loknyansky, Velikoluksky, and Novosokolnichesky Districts.[11]

On June 1, 1936, Ashevsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Chikhachyovo was established. It included parts of Bezhanitsky and Loknyansky Districts. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast. On May 11, 1937, the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug. On May 4, 1938, the district was directly subordinated to Kalinin Oblast. Between 1941 and 1944, Ashevsky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, it was included into newly established Pskov Oblast. On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished and merged into Bezhanitsky District.[11]

On March 10, 1945, Podberezinsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Podberezye was established. It included parts of Loknyansky, Kholmsky, and Ploskoshsky Districts. The district was a part of Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957, the district was transferred to Pskov Oblast. On January 14, 1958, the district was abolished and split between Kholmsky, Loknyansky, Velikoluksky, and Ploskoshsky Districts.[11]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

The district contains enterprises of timber and food industries. The biggest of them is the bakery in Loknya.[12]

AgricultureEdit

The main agricultural specializations in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, as well as production of fodder.[13]

TransportationEdit

The railway connecting St. Petersburg and Vitebsk crosses the district from north to south.

Loknya is connected by roads with Bezhanitsy (with access to Porkhov and Novorzhev), with Kholm, and with Velikiye Luki. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreationEdit

The district contains seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of federal significance and forty-one monuments of local significance.[14] The federal monuments are the Trinity Church in the village of Miritinitsy, the Intercession Church in the village of Medvedkovo,[clarification needed] as well as four archaeological sites and the location where Alexander Matrosov was killed in battle in 1943 when he blocked a German machine gun fire with his body.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ Экономика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1542-ОЗ от 5 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1542-OZ of June 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).