Lobster Thermidor

Lobster Thermidor is a French dish consisting of a creamy mixture of cooked lobster meat, egg yolks, and brandy (often Cognac), stuffed into a lobster shell. It can also be served with an oven-browned cheese crust, typically Gruyère. The sauce must contain mustard (typically powdered mustard). Due to expensive ingredients and extensive preparation involved, Lobster Thermidor is usually considered a recipe primarily for special occasions.

Lobster Thermidor
Lobster Thermidor entree.jpg
Lobster Thermidor (center of plate)
Place of originFrance
Main ingredientslobster meat, egg yolks, brandy, mustard


The recipe of Lobster Thermidor was created in 1891 by Leopold Mourier[1], a former assistant to Auguste Escoffier. It was created in Maison Maire, a Parisian restaurant near the Théâtre de la Porte-Saint-Martin. In January 1891 the play Thermidor by Victorien Sardou opened in that theatre. The play took its name from a summer month in the French Republican Calendar, during which the Thermidorian Reaction occurred, overthrowing Robespierre and ending the Reign of Terror.[2] The play was highly controversial and was closed by the authorities, re-opening in March 1896.

Maison Maire's owner, Ms. Paillard, created the name of the recipe due to the play's notoriety.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ James Steen. The 50 Greatest Dishes of the World.
  2. ^ "Linda's Culinary Dictionary Index".

External linksEdit