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"Live and Let Die" is the main theme song of the 1973 James Bond film Live and Let Die, written by Paul and Linda McCartney and performed by Wings. It was the most successful Bond theme to that point, charting at No. 2 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and No. 9 on the UK Singles Chart.[2][3]

"Live and Let Die"
Live and Let Die by Wings UK vinyl solid centre.jpg
A-side label of the UK 7-inch single
Single by Wings
from the album Live and Let Die
B-side"I Lie Around"
  • 1 June 1973 (UK)
  • 18 June 1973 (US)
Format7" single
RecordedOctober 1972, AIR Studios
GenreSymphonic rock[1]
Producer(s)George Martin
Paul McCartney and Wings singles chronology
"My Love"
"Live and Let Die"
"Helen Wheels"
James Bond theme singles chronology
"Diamonds Are Forever"
"Live and Let Die"
"The Man With the Golden Gun"

Commissioned specifically for the movie, it reunited the former Beatle with the band's producer, George Martin, who produced the song and arranged the orchestra. It has been covered by several bands, with the Guns N' Roses version being the most popular cover. Both the McCartney and the Guns N' Roses versions were nominated for Grammy Awards. In 2012, McCartney was awarded the Million-Air Award from Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI), for more than 4 million performances of the song in the US.[4]

Background and recordingEdit

Even before Tom Mankiewicz had finished writing the screenplay to Live and Let Die, producers Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli invited Paul McCartney to write the theme song. McCartney asked to be sent a copy of Ian Fleming's novel. "I read it and thought it was pretty good. That afternoon I wrote the song and went in the next week and did it ... It was a job of work for me in a way because writing a song around a title like that's not the easiest thing going."[5]

Originally, producer Harry Saltzman was interested in having Shirley Bassey or Thelma Houston perform it instead of Wings.[1] Martin said McCartney would allow the song to be used in the movie only if Wings was able to perform the song in the opening credits. A second version of the song, performed by B. J. Arnau, also appears in the film. Arnau's performance originally was meant for the group Fifth Dimension.[6] The Arnau version of the song appears on the soundtrack album as a component in a medley that also contains two George Martin-composed instrumental pieces, "Fillet of Soul – New Orleans" and "Fillet of Soul – Harlem". It was also released by RCA Records as a single in late June 1973.[7]

Wings recorded "Live and Let Die" during the sessions for the Red Rose Speedway album,[1] in October 1972.[8] The song was recorded at AIR Studios, with Ray Cooper providing percussion instruments.[9]

Release and aftermathEdit

"Live and Let Die" was previewed in the 1973 television special James Paul McCartney, which aired on 16 April in the United States and 10 May in the United Kingdom. In the segment, McCartney and Wings were shown performing the song in his studio while clips of the film were shown, before the film's US theatrical release on 27 June.[10] In his contemporary review of the single for the NME, Ian MacDonald wrote: "McCartney's fairly reasonable solution to the given problem 'Write, in less than 25 bars, a theme-tune for the new James Bond movie' is to 'Let It Be' for the first half, wailing absently and with a curious notion of grammar, about this 'ever changing world in which we live in', before sitting back to let a 3,000-piece orchestra do a man-in- the-street's impression of John Barry. It's not intrinsically very interesting, but the film will help to sell it and vice versa."[11][12]

"Live and Let Die" reached No. 1 on two of the three major US charts, though only reached No.2 on the US Hot 100 for three weeks. It was kept from the No.1 spot by each week, like "The Morning After" of Maureen McGovern, "Touch Me in the Morning" of Diana Ross, and "Brother Louie" of Stories.[13] "Live and Let Die" also peaked at No. 9 in the UK.[14][15] The single was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America for sales of over one million copies.[16][17]

Sales of the single release and of the sheet music were "solid."[18] The sheet music used the line "in this ever-changing world in which we live in" as part of the opening verse of the song. In the Washington Post interview more than 30 years later, McCartney told the interviewer, "I don't think about the lyric when I sing it. I think it's 'in which we're living', or it could be 'in which we live in', and that's kind of, sort of, wronger but cuter," before deciding that it was "in which we're living."[10]

"Live and Let Die" was not featured on a McCartney album until the Wings Greatest compilation in 1978, and was included again on 1987's All the Best!, 2001's Wingspan: Hits and History, and in 2018 as a restored bonus track on a reissue of Red Rose Speedway. The entire soundtrack also was released in quadrophonic.

United Artists promoted the song in trade advertisements for Academy Award consideration, though producer Broccoli opposed the marketing tactic as unnecessary.[19] The song became the first James Bond theme song to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song (garnering McCartney his second Academy Award nomination and Linda her first). In the Academy Award performance of the song, entertainer Connie Stevens dressed in a "silver-lamé outfit" with a Native American-looking headdress "descended from the ceiling" and then was "variously lifted and tossed about" by dancers dressed in various colours until she left the scene. The song lost to the eponymous theme song from the musical film The Way We Were.[20]

In Wings' live performances of the song, the instrumental break featured flashpots and a laser light show. McCartney has continued to play the song on his solo tours, often using pyrotechnics. "Live and Let Die" is the only song to appear on all of McCartney's live albums (except for the acoustic-based Unplugged.)

Following the 9/11 attacks, the song was placed on Clear Channel's list of inappropriate song titles.[21]

The song was included in the movie Shrek The Third (2007) and on its soundtrack.[22]




In 1984, McCartney asked "Weird Al" Yankovic when he was going to parody one of his songs.[35] In 1992, Yankovic asked for permission to put his parody "Chicken Pot Pie" on an album (as a courtesy; legally, he did not need permission). McCartney denied the use because he is a vegetarian and did not want to promote the consumption of meat. Yankovic, a vegetarian himself, said he respected the decision;[36] however, he has performed the song live in the 1990s as part of a food medley.[37]

Guns N' Roses versionEdit

"Live and Let Die"
Artwork for commercial US cassette single. The US CD single was released as promotional material; the US vinyl single was packaged in a generic sleeve.
Single by Guns N' Roses
from the album Use Your Illusion I
A-side"Live and Let Die" (LP Version)
Released3 December 1991
  • CD
  • 7"
  • 12"
GenreHard rock
Guns N' Roses singles chronology
"Don't Cry"
"Live and Let Die"
"Knockin' on Heaven's Door"
Alternative release
Artwork for most overseas vinyl and some CD releases

"Live and Let Die" was released as the second single from Guns N' Roses' Use Your Illusion I album and the fourth out of all the Use Your Illusion singles. A music video was made in November 1991 featuring the band playing live on stage and showing old pictures. The video also was made shortly before Izzy Stradlin's departure, and it is the last video where he appears.

Guns N' Roses' cover charted at No. 20 on the US Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart and No. 33 on the Billboard Hot 100. Worldwide the single reached the top five in Ireland, Norway and the United Kingdom. In Finland it became the third consecutive number-one single from the Use You Illusion albums, and it also reached No. 1 in New Zealand for two weeks. The song was nominated for "Best Hard Rock Performance" during the 1993 Grammy Awards.[38]

Track listingEdit

  1. "Live and Let Die" – 2:59
  2. "Live and Let Die" (Live) – 3:37
  3. "Shadow of Your Love" (Live) – 2:50


Guns N' Roses

Additional musicians

  • Shannon Hoon – backing vocals
  • Johann Langlie – programming
  • Jon Trautwein – horn
  • Matthew McKagan – horn
  • Rachel West – horn
  • Robert Clark – horn


Weekly chartsEdit

Chart (1991–1992) Peak
Australia (ARIA)[39] 10
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[40] 27
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[41] 20
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[42] 1
France (SNEP)[43] 39
Germany (Official German Charts)[44] 33
Ireland (IRMA)[45] 5
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[46] 12
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[47] 13
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[48] 1
Norway (VG-lista)[49] 3
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[50] 15
Spain (AFYVE)[51] 14
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[52] 19
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[53] 4
US Billboard Hot 100[54] 33
US Mainstream Rock (Billboard)[55] 20

Year-end chartsEdit

Chart (1992) Position
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[56] 27

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Benitez, Vincent P. (2010). The Words and Music of Paul McCartney: The Solo Years. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-313-34969-0.
  2. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. London: Guinness World Records Limited
  3. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. Billboard Books
  4. ^ "Live and Let Die Recognized for over 4 Million Performances in the USA". Broadcast Music, Inc. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  5. ^ Barnes, Alan; Hearn, Marcu (1997). Kiss Kiss Bang! Bang!: the Unofficial James Bond Film Companion. Batsford Books. pp. 110–11. ISBN 978-0-7134-8182-2.
  6. ^ Lindner, Christoph (2003). The James Bond Phenomenon: a Critical Reader. Manchester University Press. pp. 130, 134. ISBN 978-0-7190-6541-5.
  7. ^ Burlingame 2012, p. 111 [1]
  8. ^ "The McCartney Recording Sessions - 1972". Archived from the original on 14 December 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  9. ^ Luca Perasi, Paul McCartney: Recording Sessions (1969-2013), L.I.L.Y. Publishing, 2013, ISBN 978-88-909122-1-4, p.89.
  10. ^ a b Burlingame 2012, p. 112 [2]
  11. ^ MacDonald, Ian (9 June 1973). "Singles". NME. p. 13.
  12. ^ Hunt, Chris, ed. (2005). NME Originals: Beatles – The Solo Years 1970–1980. London: IPC Ignite!. p. 69.
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Paul McCartney singles". allmusic. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  15. ^ "Official Charts: Paul McCartney". The Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  16. ^ Paul Grein (3 January 2013). "Chart Watch Extra: Top Songs of 2012". Chart Watch. Yahoo Music. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  17. ^ "Gold & Platinum Searchable Database - June 06, 2014". RIAA. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  18. ^ Smith, Jeff (1998). "The Midas Touch". The Sounds of Commerce: Marketing Popular Film Music. Columbia University Press. p. 115. ISBN 0-231-10862-1. LCCN 98-17923. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  19. ^ Burlingame 2012, pp. 113–114 [3]
  20. ^ Burlingame 2012, p. 114 [4]
  21. ^ "It's the End of the World as Clear Channel Knows It". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  22. ^ "Shrek the Third - Original Soundtrack - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". AllMusic.
  23. ^ "Canadian Chart". Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  24. ^ "". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  25. ^ "Japanese Chart". Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  26. ^ " Paul McCartney discography". Hung Medien. MegaCharts. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  27. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search listener". Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  28. ^ "Norwegian Chart". Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  29. ^ a b c Whitburn, Joel (2015). The Comparison Book. Menonomee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-89820-213-7.
  30. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1993). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961–1993. Record Research. p. 157.
  31. ^
  32. ^ Canada, Library and Archives (17 March 2018). "Image : RPM Weekly".
  33. ^ "Cash Box YE Pop Singles - 1973". Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  34. ^ "Top Pop Singles" Billboard December 29, 1973: TA-28
  35. ^ Weird Al Yankovic Interviews on Yahoo! Music Archived 7 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Dan Epstein. ""Weird Al" Yankovic : The Icon Profile". Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  37. ^ Andy Greene. "Flashback: Weird Al's Rejected Wings Parody, 'Chicken Pot Pie'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  38. ^ "35th Grammy Awards - 1993". Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  39. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  40. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  41. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  42. ^ Pennanen, Timo. Sisältää hitin: levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972. Otava Publishing Company Ltd, 2003. ISBN 951-1-21053-X
  43. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  44. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  45. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Live and Let Die". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  46. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 2, 1992" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  47. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  48. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  49. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die". VG-lista. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  50. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die". Singles Top 100. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  51. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  52. ^ " – Guns N' Roses – Live and Let Die". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  53. ^ "Guns N' Roses: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company.
  54. ^ "Guns N Roses Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  55. ^ "Guns N Roses Chart History (Mainstream Rock)". Billboard. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  56. ^ "End of Year Charts 1992". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 8 August 2019.


Preceded by
Shirley Bassey
Diamonds Are Forever, 1971
James Bond title artist
Live and Let Die (song), 1973
Succeeded by
The Man with the Golden Gun, 1974