Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Literary Association of the Friends of Poland

Literary Association of the Friends of Poland is a British organisation of solidarity with Poles, founded February 25, 1832 in United Kingdom by the Scottish poet Thomas Campbell and German lawyer Adolphus Bach.[1] Although the creation of the LAFP was the result of deep pro-Polish sympathies of Campbell and the whole contemporary British public opinion, Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski did attend a dinner for the association, in Edinburgh 1835 along with Count Zamoyski, publicised at the time.[2]



Thomas Campbell was the Society's first President, and the first secretary was a young Anglo-Irishman, Richard Graves Meredith. The main goal of the society was to sustain the interest of British public opinion in the Polish question after the failure of the November Uprising. Its members included many influential British political figures, e.g. Sir Francis Burdett, Dudley Ryder, Robert Cutlar Fergusson, Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart, Thomas Wentworth Beaumont, Daniel O'Connell, Thomas Attwood and Patrick Stuart.

There were also a number of regional associations created in 1832 which supported the main association in London: these were: Hull Literary Polish Society (founded in July 1832),[3] Glasgow Polish Association (founded in October 1832),[4] and the Birmingham Polish Association (founded in October 1832).[5][6]


  1. ^ The Literary Association of the Friends of Poland was also known as the Polish Association (Campbell 1849, p. 101 and Tyler 1851, pp. 283,284)
  2. ^ Żurawski vel Grajewski, Radosław. Działalność księcia Adama Jerzego Czartoryskiego w Wielkiej Brytanii (1831-1832), Warszawa: "Semper" 1999.
  3. ^ Literary association of the friends of Poland 1832, p. 35.
  4. ^ Literary association of the friends of Poland 1832, p. 320.
  5. ^ Literary association of the friends of Poland 1832, p. 323,413.
  6. ^ Zurawski vel Grajewski, R. Księżna Dorothea Lieven wobec Polski i Polaków: pojedynek za kulisami wielkiej dyplomacji, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo DiG 2005.

Campbell, Thomas (1849). Beattie, William, ed. Life and letters of Thomas Campbell. 3. E. Moxon. p. 101.  Literary association of the friends of Poland (August–December 1832). Polonia; or, Monthly reports on Polish affairs. Charles Fox et al (1–5): 35, 320, 323, 413.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

  • Tyler, Edward Royall, ed. (1851). et al (eds). "Art. VII.—Life and Writings of Campbell". New Englander and Yale review. New Series–Volume 3. New York: W.L. Benedict. 9: 261–289. 

Further readingEdit

  • L. Gadon, Z życia Polaków we Francyi : rzut oka na 50-letnie koleje Towarzystwa Historyczno-Literackiego w Paryżu, 1832-1882, 1883
  • K. Marchlewicz, Propolski lobbing w Izbach Gmin i Lordów w latach trzydziestych i czterdziestych XIX wieku, w: Przegląd Historyczny, 2005, nr 1.

See alsoEdit