Thomas Attwood (economist)

Thomas Attwood (6 October 1783 – 6 March 1856)[1] was a British banker, economist, political campaigner and Member of Parliament. He was the leading figure of the underconsumptionist Birmingham School of economists, and, as the founder of the Birmingham Political Union, the leading figure in the public campaign for the Great Reform Act of 1832.

Thomas Attwood
Thomas Attwood by G.Sharples 1832.png
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham
In office
1832–1840
Succeeded byJoshua Scholefield and
George Muntz
Personal details
Born(1783-10-06)6 October 1783
Halesowen, Shropshire, England
Died6 March 1856(1856-03-06) (aged 72)
Great Malvern, Worcestershire, England
Spouse
Elizabeth Carless
(m. 1806)
RelationsDaniel Wakefield (son-in-law)
OccupationBanker, economist, political agitator, Member of Parliament
NicknameKing Tom

Life and careerEdit

Thomas Attwood was born in Halesowen, then a detached part of Shropshire, and attended Halesowen Grammar School (now Earls High School) before being moved to Wolverhampton Grammar School. On 12 May 1806, Attwood married Elizabeth Carless from Lower Ravenhurst Farm, an area which is now part of the Moor Pool estate.[2] They had two sons, George de Bosco Attwood (15 March 1808), who stood unsuccessfully for the Walsall constituency in the 1832 general election, and Thomas Aurelius Attwood (4 March 1810).[2] Their daughter Angela married Daniel Wakefield with whom she emigrated to New Zealand.[3]

He founded the Birmingham Political Union in 1830. This was a political organization campaigning for cities, and large towns such as Birmingham, to be directly represented in Parliament. The Birmingham Political Union was foremost among groups lobbying the government for the passage of a Reform Bill to achieve this aim. The Days of May in 1832 brought the people's struggle for wider enfranchisement to a head, and the Great Reform Act was passed on 15 May 1832. After this success he became one of the first two Members of Parliament (MPs) for Birmingham (along with Joshua Scholefield) on 12 December 1832, a position he held until 1839.

Attwood lived at The Grove, a Georgian house in Harborne, Birmingham, between 1823 and 1846. He died in Malvern, Worcestershire in 1856.

MemorialsEdit

 
Bronze statue in Chamberlain Square
 
Statue of Thomas Attwood in Highgate Park, Birmingham

A grade II listed statue of Thomas Attwood by local sculptor Peter Hollins stood in Calthorpe Park from 1859 to 1974[4] then moved to Larches Green, Sparkbrook, Birmingham between 1974 and 2008, but is now in store. A 1993 bronze statue sat, having left his plinth, and scattered his bronze pages, on the steps of Chamberlain Square in Birmingham until 2016 when works to demolish the Central Library and rebuild Chamberlain Square began. The statue was reinstalled in 2020 once the works were completed.

Attwood Street, a residential street in Halesowen, commemorates his achievements.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Behagg, Clive (2009), "Attwood, Thomas (1783–1856), politician and currency theorist", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.), Oxford University Press, retrieved 21 January 2012
  2. ^ a b Moss, David J (1990). Thomas Attwood: The Biography of a Radical. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-7735-0708-6.
  3. ^ McLintock, A. H. (ed.). "Wakefield, Daniel". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  4. ^ Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851 by Rupert Gunnis

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Birmingham
1832–1840
With: Joshua Scholefield
Succeeded by