Open main menu

This is a list of Roman consuls, individuals who were either elected or nominated to the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, or a high office of the Empire, but for whom an exact date of when they served in office is absent. Most are reckoned to be suffect consuls, but occasionally it encompasses an ordinary consul.

Contents

3rd century BCEdit

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
Between 222 and 218 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus[1] suffectus

1st century ADEdit

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
21 or 22 Gaius Asinius Pollio[note 1][2] suffectus
21, 22, 40 or 41 Marcus Cocceius Nerva[3]
Gaius Vibius Rufinus
suffecti
Between 37 and 54 Pompeius Pedo[4] suffectus
39 or 40 Pompeius Pennus[5] suffectus
39 or 40 Lucius Annius Vinicianus[5] suffectus
39 or 40 Cluvius[5] suffectus
c. 40 Gaius Ummidius Durmius Quadratus[6] suffectus
40, 41 or 44 Titus Axius[7]
Titus Mussidius Pollianus
suffecti
40, 44 or 45 Publius Fabius Firmanus[8]
Lucius Tampius Flavianus[note 2]
suffecti
40, 42, or 45 Popillius Balbus[9] suffectus
40, 42, or 45 Anteius Rufus[9] suffectus
Between 40 and 46 Lurius Varus[10] suffectus
Between 40 and c.200 Gaius Nonius Proculus[11] suffectus
Between 41 and 54 Gaius Calpurnius Piso[12] suffectus
42 or 43 Gaius Suetonius Paulinus[13][note 2] suffectus
45 or 47 Marius Cordus[14] suffectus
Before 47 Publius Ostorius Scapula[15] suffectus
49, 50 or 54 Gaius Fuufius (or Furius?)[16]
Gnaeus Minicius
suffecti
49, 50 or 54 Quintus Futius[17]
Publius Calvisius
suffecti
53 or 54 Publius Volasenna[18] suffectus
c. 54 Pompeius Paullinus[19] suffectus
54 or 55 Marcus Junius Silanus[20] suffectus
c. 55 Marcus Aponius Saturninus[21] suffectus
60 or 61 Aulus Ducenius Geminus[20] suffectus
c. 62 Lucius Junius Quintus Vibius Crispus[22][note 2] suffectus
Before 65 Caesennius Maximus[20] suffectus
Before 65 Cluvius Rufus[20] suffectus
Before 68 Rubrius Gallus[20] suffectus
c. 70 Lucius Sergius Paullus[23] suffectus
c. 71 Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Asprenas[24] suffectus
c. 72 Titus Vestricius Spurinna[25][note 2] suffectus
c. 72 Gnaeus Pinarius Cornelius Clemens[26] suffectus
72 or 73 Gaius Dillius Aponianus[27] suffectus
72 or 73 Lucius Cornelius Pusio Annius Messalla[28]
Plotius Pegasus
suffecti
72 or 73 Sextus Vettulenus Cerialis[29] suffectus
72 or 73 Publius Nonius Asprenas Caesius Cassianus[30] suffectus
Between 72 and 74 Titus Aurelius Fulvus[31][note 2] suffectus
Between 72 and 74 Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas[32] suffectus
Between 72 and 75 Mettius Pomposianus[33][34] suffectus
Between 72 and 78 Aulus Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiento[35][note 2] suffectus
c. 73 Sextus Julius Frontinus[25][note 2] suffectus
73 or 74 Marcus Hirrius Fronto Neratius Pansa[36] suffectus
Between 73 and 76 Gaius Vettulenus Civica Cerealis[37] suffectus
Between 73 and 76 Lucius Mestrius Florus[38] suffectus
Between 74 and 78 [...] Marcellus[39]
Quintus Aurelius Pactumeius Clemens
suffecti
Between 74 and 79 Titus Turpilius Dexter[40]
Marcus Maecius Rufus
suffecti
75 or 76 Sextus Sentius Caecillianus[41] suffectus
Between 76 and 78 Gnaeus Domitius Afer Titius Marcellus Curvius Lucanus[42] suffectus
Between 76 and 78 Gnaeus Domitius Afer Curvius Tullus[43][note 2] suffectus
77 or 78 Lucius Luscius Ocrea[41] suffectus
c. 78 Lucius Octavius Memor[44] suffectus
Before 79 Publius Glitius Gallus[45] suffectus
Before 79 Quintus Cornelius Fa[...][46]
[...]nidius Quartus
suffecti
Before 79 Marcus Corvius Rufus (or Rusticus)[46] suffectus
Before 79 [...] Cominius[47]
Lucius Minicius
suffecti
Before 80 Aulus Caesennius Gallus[48] suffectus
c. 80 Lucius Salvius Otho Cocceianus[49] suffectus
Before 82 Titus Atilius Rufus[50] suffectus
82 or 83 Aulus Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiento III[51] suffectus
82 or 83 Lucius Junius Quintus Vibius Crispus III[52] suffectus
83 or 84 Gnaeus Pedanius Fuscus Salinator[53] suffectus
c. 84 Marius Priscus[53] suffectus
c. 84 Publius Calvisius Ruso Julius Frontinus[54] suffectus
Before 87 Servius Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus[55] suffectus
Before 87 Lucius Dasumius Hadrianus[56] suffectus
Before 87 Sallustius Lucullus[57] suffectus
Before 87 Helvidius Priscus[57] suffectus
c. 93 [ ? Lucius] Julius Mar(inus)?[58] suffectus
After 97 Quintus Asinius Marcellus[59]
Aulus Caepio Crispinus
suffecti
Before 100 Aufidius Umber[60] suffectus
Late 1st to early 2nd century Lucius Julius Proculeianus[61] suffectus

2nd centuryEdit

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
1st half of 2nd century Lucius Volusius Torquatus[62] suffectus
c. 101 Rubrius Gallus[59]
Galeo Tettienus Severus Marcus Eppuleius Proculus Tiberius Caepio Hispo
suffecti
Before 103 Marcus Herennius Pollio[63] suffectus
Before 103 Lucceius Albinus[63] suffectus
c. 104 Lucius Cornelius Priscus[63] suffectus
Before 105 Decimus Terentius Scaurianus[63] suffectus
Before 105 [? Gnaeus Pompeius] Longinus II[63] suffectus
After 105 Marcus Clodius Lunensis[63]
Publius Licinius Crassus
suffecti
106 or 108 Lucius Tutilius Lupercus[64] suffectus
Before 109 Julius Alexander[63] suffectus
Before 109 Kan[us Junius Niger][65] suffectus
c. 117 Publius Juventius Celsus Publius Aufidius Hoenius Severianus[63] suffectus
c. 117 Marcus Erucius Clarus[63]
Tiberius Julus Alexander Julianus
suffecti
c. 117 Lusius Quietus[63] suffectus
Before 118 Lucius Bellicius Sollers[63] suffectus
Between 118 and 138 Herennius Severus[63] suffectus
Before 120 Calpurnius Reginnianus[63] suffectus
Before 120 [? A- or Se]rtorius[63] suffectus
c. 120 Junius Qua[dratus?][66] suffectus
120 or 121 [...]catus Publius Valerius Priscus[67] suffectus
120 or 121 Quintus Aburnius Caedicianus[68]
Gaius Bruttius Praesens Lucius Fulvius Rusticus[note 2]
suffecti
Between 121 and 123 Lucius Cornelius Latinianus[67] suffectus
Between 123 and 126 Gaius Calpurnius Flaccus[67]
Lucius Trebius Germanus
suffecti
Between 123 and 142 Ennius (?) Proculus[69] suffectus
Before 125 Lucius Statorius Secundus[67] suffectus
Before 125 Cornelius Proculus[70] suffectus
c. 125 Niger[71]
Tiberius Lartidius Celer
suffecti
Between 125 and 129 Quintus Vetina[72]
Publius Julius
suffecti
c. 126 Sextus Julius Major[73] suffectus
c. 126 Tiberius Julius Julianus Alexander[67] suffectus
c. 129 Tiberius Julius Candidus Celsus[74] suffectus
Between 129 and 138 Severus[70]
Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon
suffecti
Between 129 and 133 Lucius Aurelius Gal[lus][75]
[...]us Priscus
suffecti
Between 130 and 138 Gaius Oppius Sabinus Julius Nepos Manius Vibius Sollemnis Severus[76] suffectus
c. 130 Titus Atilius Maximus[70] suffectus
c. 130 Julianus[70]
Castus
suffecti
Between 130 and 150 Claudius Varenus[69] suffectus
c. 131 Lucius Antonius Albus[70] suffectus
c. 132 Popillius Priscus[70] suffectus
132 or 133 Lucius Varius Ambibulus[70] suffectus
135 or 136 Quintus Lollius Urbicus[77] suffectus
c. 136 Lucius Roscius Paculus[78] suffectus
c. 137 Titus Vitrasius Pollio[79] suffectus
Before 138 Valerius Urbicus[70] suffectus
Before 138 Julius Cassus[76] suffectus
c. 138 Cornellius Priscianus[80] suffectus
c. 138 Gaius Julius Severus[81] suffectus
c. 138 Titus Caesernius Quinctianus[82] suffectus
138 or 139 [...]us Priscus[83] suffectus
Between 138 and 143 Publius Cluvius Maximus Paullinus[84] suffectus
Between 138 and 161 Lucius Sariolenus Naevius Fastus[85] suffectus
Between 138 and 180 Lucius Marius Vegetinus Marcianus Minicianus Myrtilianus[69] suffectus
c. 139 Appius Annius Gallus[83] suffectus
139 or 140 Domitius Seneca[83] suffectus
Between 138 and 143 Lucius Pomponius Bassus Cascus Scribonianus[86] suffectus
Between 138 and 160 Marcus Ulpius Carminius Claudianus[87] suffectus
Between 140 and 143 Gaius Javolenus Calvinus[88] suffectus
140 or 141 Tiberius Claudius Saturninus[83] suffectus
141, 143 or 144 Gaius Claudius Maximus[83] suffectus
c. 143 Vilius Kadus[89] suffectus
143, 149, 150 or 158 Sextus Pedius Hirrutus Luculus Pollio
Lucius Iu[...][90]
suffecti
144 or 145 Lucius Neratius Proculus[91] suffectus
144 or 148 Lucius Marcius Celer Marcus Calpurnius Longus[92]
Decius Velius Fidus
suffecti
c. 145 Lucius Venuleius Apronianus Octavius Priscus[note 2][93] suffectus
Before 146 Sextus Erucius Clarus[note 2] suffectus
Before 147 Sulpicius Julianus[94] suffectus
Between 147 and 156 Sextus Aemilius Equester[95] suffectus
Between 149 and 151 Titus Flavius Longinus Quintus Marcius Turbo[96] suffectus
Between 149 and 151 Gnaeus Julius Verus[note 2][96] suffectus
Mid 2nd-century Quintus Antonius Cassius Cassianus[69] suffectus
c. 150 Quintus Caecilius Marcellus Dentilianus[97] suffectus
150 or 151 Lucius Novius Crispinus Martialis Saturninus[96] suffectus
150 or 151 Decius Seius Seneca[96] suffectus
c. 151 Publius Seius Fuscianus[note 2][98] suffectus
c. 151 Titus Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio[note 2][96] suffectus
c. 151 [? Lucius Nonius Calpurnius] Torquatus Asprenas[99]
Lucius Sergius Paullus[note 2]
suffecti
c. 151 Decius Fonteius Fronto[100] suffectus
Before 154 Gaius Jul[ius ...][101] suffectus
Before 155 Claudius Agrippinus[102] suffectus
Between 155 and 160 Lucius Fulvius Rusticus Aemilianus[103] suffectus
c. 156 Julius Proculus[104] suffectus
Mid 2nd Century Accius Julianus[105] suffectus
Before 159, possibly 155 or 156 Maximus Lucilianus[101] suffectus
c. 158 Lucius Junius Victorinus Flavius Caelianus[106] suffectus
c. 159 Gaius Julius Commodus Orfitianus[107] suffectus
c. 159 Lucius Matuccius Inscinus[108] suffectus
159 or 160 Marcus Jallius Bassus Fabius Valerianus[108] suffectus
c. 161 Publius Furius Saturninus[109] suffectus
Between 161 and 168 [...] Proculus[110]
Munatius [...]
suffecti
Between 161 and 169, or 177 and 180 [...] Egr[ilius Plarianus Larcius Lep]idus [Flavius ...][76] suffectus
Between 161 and 169 Sextus Cornelius Clemens[111] suffectus
Between 161 and 192 Junius Macr(---) (? Macer)[112] suffectus
Between 161 and 192 Lucius Junius Rufinus Proculianus[112] suffectus
Between 161 and 211 Junius Paulinus[113] suffectus
c. 162 Gaius Allius Fuscianus[114] suffectus
c. 162 Lucius Pullaienus Gargilius Antiquus[115] suffectus
163 or 164 Publius Julius Scapula Tertullus[116] suffectus
Before 164 Sohaemus[117] suffectus
c. 164 Gaius Raecius Rufus[118] suffectus
Between 164 and 169 [...]ci[.]us[111]
L. Aemilus Front[inus]
suffecti
c. 165 Publius Vigellius Saturninus[119] suffectus
c. 165 Gaius Maesius Picatianus[120] suffectus
Between 165 and 168 Novius P[riscus][111] suffectus
Before October 166 Marcus Claudius Fronto[121] suffectus
165 or 166 Publius Julius Geminius Marcianus[122] suffectus
c. 166 Lucius Volusius Maecianus[122] suffectus
166[123] or 167[124] Gaius Avidius Cassius suffectus
c. 167 Quintus Antistius Adventus Postumius Aquilinus[125] suffectus
c. 167 Gnaeus Claudius Severus[note 2][126] suffectus
c. 167 Marcus Arranius Venustus[127] suffectus
c. 167 Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus[note 2][128] suffectus
167 or 168 Publius Caelius Optatus[129] suffectus
Between 168 and 170 Marcus Antonius Zeno[130] suffectus
169 or 170 Marcus Lucceius Torquatus Bassianus[131] suffectus
Between 169 and 175 Titus Varius Clemens[132] suffectus
Before 170 Marcus Valerius Bradua[130] suffectus
c. 170 Titus Flavius Claudius Sulpicianus suffectus
c. 170 Quintius Junius Mauricus[130] suffectus
Between 170 and 174 Pollienus Auspex (maior) suffectus
Between 170 and 175 Lucius Aemilius Carus[133] suffectus
Between 170 and 190 Tiberius Claudius Aristocles[134] suffectus
c. 172 Caerellius Priscus[135] suffectus
Between 172 and 176 Titus Flavius Claudius Sulpicianus[133] suffectus
Between 172 and 176 Sulpicius Crassus[133] suffectus
c. 173 Gaius Arrius Antoninus[136] suffectus
c. 173 Manius Acilius Glabrio[note 2][136] suffectus
c. 173 Gaius Laberius Quartinus[137] suffectus
c. 173 Titus Rustius Caepio[138] suffectus
c. 173 Lucius Ulpius Marcellus[139] suffectus
c. 174 Publius Cornelius Anullinus[note 2][140] suffectus
c. 175 Gaius Vettius Sabinianus Julius Hospes[141] suffectus
c. 175 Marcus Macrinius Avitus Catonius Vindex[141] suffectus
c. 175/176 (?) Gaius Pantuleius Graptiacus[142] suffectus
c. 175/176 Sulpicius Crassus[143] suffectus
Between 175 and 180 Tiberius Julius Frugi[144] suffectus
Between 175 and 182 Lucius Albinius Saturninus[145] suffectus
c. 176 Lucius Vespronius Candidus Sallustius Sabinianus[141] suffectus
Between 177 and 180 Lucius Hedius Rufus Lollianus Avitus[146] suffectus
Between 177 and 181 Marcus Atilius Severus[145] suffectus
c. 178 Titus Licinnius Mucianus[145] suffectus
178 or 179 Aulus Julius Pompilius Piso Titus Vib[ius ...]tus Laevillius Berenicianus[147] suffectus
c. 180 Asellius Aemilianus[148] suffectus
c. 180 Lucius Saevinius Proculus[80] suffectus
Shortly after 180 Marcus Helvius Clemens Dextrianus[149] suffectus
Between 180 and 183 Gaius Pescennius Niger[149] suffectus
Between 180 and 185 (Marcus Gavius) Gallicanus[150] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Gaius Allius Fuscus[114] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Gaius Julius Asper[114] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Gaius Claudius Clemens Licinianus[151] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Flavius Rufinianus[152] suffectus
Between 180 and 204 Marcus Antius Crescens Calpurnianus[153] suffectus
Between 180 and 211 Marcus Aemilius (Macer) Saturninus[154] suffectus
Between 180 and 211 (Marcus ? Ulpius) Carminius Athenagoras[155] suffectus
Between 180 and 211 Gaius Asinius (Protimus) Quadratus[156] suffectus
Between 180 and 217 Tiberius Claudius Attalus Paterculianus[157] suffectus
Before 182 Egnatius Capito[158] suffectus
c. 182 Lucius Ragonius Urinatius Larcius Quintianus[159] suffectus
Before 183 Gaius Domitius Dexter[note 2][160] suffectus
Before 183 (? Marcus) Antonius (? Ivvenis)[149] suffectus
Before 183 Cingius Severus[149] suffectus
Before 183 Severus[161] suffectus
183 or 184 (? Marcus) Cassius Apronianus[162] suffectus
Between 183 and 185 Marcus Asinius Rufinus Valerius Verus Sabinianus[162] suffectus
Between 183 and 196 M(---) Pin(---) Tiliu(---)[87] suffectus
Between 184 and 190 [...]mus[163]
Appius Claudius Lateranus
suffecti
Between 184 and 192 Gnaeus Suellius Rufus[161] suffecti
c. 185 Titus Aius Sanctus[162] suffectus
c. 185 Marcus Valerius Maximianus[164] suffectus
c. 185 Pollienus Auspex (minor)[165] suffectus
c. 185 or 186 Marcus Umbrius Primus[166] suffectus
Between 185 and 188 Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus[note 2][167] suffectus
Between 185 and 192 Priscus[163]
Clarus
suffecti
Before 186 Julius Lepidianus[168] suffectus
Before 186 Gaius Julius Saturninus[169] suffectus
c. 186 Quintus Hedius Rufus Lollianus Gentianus[168] suffectus
186 or 187 Minicius Opimianus[170] suffectus
Between 187 and 190 Tarius Titianus[167] suffectus
Between 186 and 190 Lucius Calpurnius Proculus[171] suffectus
Between 187 and 192 Aemilius Severus Cantabrinus[163] suffectus
c. 188 Cornelius Repentinus[163] suffectus
Between 188 and 190 Quintus Aurelius Polus Terentianus[172] suffectus
Between 188 and 193 Gaius Mat(t)ius Sabinius Sullinus Vatinianus Anicius Maximus Caesulenus Martialis Pisibanus Ledipus[172] suffectus
c. 190 Titus Flavius Carminius Athenagoras Claudianus[173] suffectus
c. 190 Claudius Stratonicus[172] suffectus
c. 190 Marcus Iuventius Caesianus[172] suffectus
c. 190 Marcus Iuventius Secundus[174] suffectus
Between 190 and 192 Quintus Larcius Euripianus[114] suffectus
c. 191 Publius Septimius Geta[note 2][175] suffectus
c. 192 Tiberius Claudius Gordianus[176] suffectus
c. 192 Gaius Memmius Fidus Julius Albius[177] suffectus
Before 193 (Aulus) Sellius Clodianus[178] suffectus
c. 193 Gaius Pomponius Bassus Terentianus[179] suffectus
c. 193 or 194 Titus Flavius Decimus[180] suffectus
193 or 194 Gaius Valerius Pudens[181] suffectus
Between 193 and 198 Marcus Claudius Demetrius[182] suffectus
Between 193 and 211 Betitius Pius Maximillianus[183] suffectus
Between 193 and 211 Quintus Licinius Nepos[184] suffectus
Between 193 and 211 Gaius Julius Philippus[185] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Quintus Virius Egnatius Sulpicius Priscus[186] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Gaius Claudius Attalus Paterculianus[187] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Tiberius Claudius Severus[188] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Ulpius Leurus[189] suffectus
Between 193 and 235 Publius Attius Clementinus Rufinus[190] suffectus
Between 193 and 235 Gaius Asinius Nicomachus Julianus[153] suffectus
c. 194 Publius Aelius Severianus Maximus[180] suffectus
c. 194 Marcus Ulpius Arabianus[87] suffectus
195 or 196 Tiberius Claudius Candidus[191] suffectus
Between 195 and 197 Gaius Julius Scapula Lepidus Tertullus[191] suffectus
Before 196 Virius Lupus[87] suffectus
c. 196 Tiberius Manilius Fuscus[192] suffectus
c. 196 Tiberius Cl(audius) Modestus[192] suffectus
Before 197 Cosconius Gentianus[193] suffectus
c. 197 Gavius Tranquillus[194] suffectus
197 or 198 Gaius Caesonius Macer Rufinianus[194] suffectus
197 or 198 Sallustius Verginius G[allus][194] suffectus
197 or 198 Quintus Venidius Rufus Marius Maximus Lucius Calvinianus[194] suffectus
Before 198 Ofilius Valerius Macedo[194] suffectus
Before 198 Gaius Ovinius Tertullus[194] suffectus
c. 198 Marcus Junius Concessus Aemilianus[195] suffectus
198 or 199 Mevius Surus[196] suffectus
198 or 199 Lucius Petronius Verus[197] suffectus
198 or 199 Titus Statilius Barbarus[195] suffectus
Between 198 and 204 Quintus Aiacius Modestus Crescentianus[note 2][198] suffectus
Between 198 and 235 [Publius Aelius Sec]undinus[199] suffectus
Before 199 Titus Arrius Bassianus[195] suffectus
c. 199 Tiberius Claudius Claudianus[195] suffectus
c. 199 Lucius Marius Maximus Perpetuus Aurelianus[note 2][200] suffectus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Lucius Cestius Gallus Cerrinius Justus Lutatius Natalis[201] designatus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Aulus Egnatius Proculus[202] suffectus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Gaius Bultius Geminius Titianus[203] suffectus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Cossinius Rufinus[204] suffectus

3rd centuryEdit

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
Early 3rd century Lucius Calpurnius Reginianus suffectus
Early 3rd century Tiberius Claudius Telemachus suffectus
Early 3rd century Titus Flavius Damianus suffectus
c. 200 Titus Flavius Titianus[205] suffectus
c. 200 Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus[200] suffectus
c. 200 Gaius Julius Avitus Alexianus[206] suffectus
c. 200 (?) Claudius Hieronymianus suffectus
(?) 203 or 204 Calpurnius Maximus[207] suffectus
203 to 205 Quintus Sicin(n)ius Clarus Pon(tianus?)[207] suffectus
204 or 205 Gaius Junius Faustinus (Pl)a(ci)dus Postumianus suffectus
204 or 205 Ulpius Soter[208] suffectus
Before 205 Lucius Alfenus Senecio[209] suffectus
Before 205 Mevius Surus suffectus
c. (?) 205 Lucius Claudius Cassius Dio Cocceianus[210] suffectus
Before 207 Lucius Egnatius Victor[210] suffectus
(?) 207 Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus[211] suffectus
c. between 208 and 210 Publius Catius Sabinus[note 2] suffectus
Before 210 Aelius Romanus suffectus
Between 203 and 214 Lucius Marius Perpetuus[212] suffectus
Between 200 and 210 Appius Claudius Julianus suffectus
210 or 211 Tiberius Claudius Subatianus Proculus[213] suffectus
Between 202 and (?) 211 (?) L. P. Postumus[214] suffectus
212 or 213 Gaius Julius Septimius Castinus[215] suffectus
Before 213 Quintus Junius (---) Quintianus[214] suffectus
Before 213 Gaius Jul(ius) Titi(anus) suffectus
After 213 Armenius Peregrinus suffectus
213 or 214 Sextus Furnius Julianus[216] suffectus
Between 210 and 220 Lucius Alfenus Avitianus[217] suffectus
Between 211 and 217 ? Marcus Valerius Senecio suffectus
215 or 216 Amicus[218] suffectus
(?) Before 217 Gaius Betitius Pius suffectus
c. 217 Marcus Antonius Balbus[219] suffectus
Before 218 Fulvius Diogenianus suffectus
c. 219 Quintus Egnatius Proculus[220] suffectus
Between 211 and 222 Quintus Flavius Balbus[221] suffectus
Between 212 and 222 Tiberius Julius Pollienus Auspex[222] suffectus in absentia
c. 222 Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus[223] suffectus
c. 222 Titus Flavius Aper Commodianus[217] suffectus
Before 222 Fulvius suffectus
Between 222 and 235 Lucius Fulvius Gavius N[umisius] Aemilianus[224] suffectus
Before 223 Severus suffectus
Between c. 222 and 226 Asinius Lepidus suffectus
c. 228 Flavius Aelianus[225] suffectus
Before 229 Maximus Attianus suffectus
c. 230 Marcus Ulpius Eubiotus Leurus[226] suffectus
Before 230 (? Quintus or Sextus) Anicius Faustus Paulinus suffectus
Between 220 and 230 (? Quintus or Claudius) Valerius Rufrius Justus suffectus
Between 226 and 229 Lucius Caesonius Lucillus Macer Rufinianus suffectus
Between 225 and 230 Lucius Egnatius Victor Lollianus[227] suffectus
Between 211 and 235 Gaius Asinius Quadratus Protimus[228] designatus
Between 222 and 235 Claudius Sollemnius Pacatianus suffectus
Between 222 and 235 Gaius Arrius Calpurnius Frontinus Honoratus suffectus
(?) Between 222 and 235 Ostor(ius) suffectus
(?) Between 222 and 235 Lucius Julius Apronius Maenius Pius Salamallianus designatus
c. 230 Egnatius Victor Marinianus[229] suffectus
(?) Before 230 Iasdius Domitianus[230] suffectus
Between 231 and 235 Marcus Marius Titius Rufinus suffectus
c. 235 Tiberius Clodius Pupienus Pulcher Maximus[231] suffectus
c. 235 Gaius Catius Clemens suffectus
Between 234 and 238 Rutilius Pudens Crispinus suffectus
Before 238 Publius Licinius Valerianus suffectus
Before 238 Lucius Domitius Gallicanus Papinianus[232] suffectus
Early to mid 3rd century Quintus Egnatius Proculus[233] suffectus
Between 238 and 244 Gaius Arrius Calpurnius Longinus suffectus
c. 240 Publius Cornelius Saecularis[234] suffectus
(?) c. 240 Marcus Nummius Albinus suffectus
c. 241 Lucius Catius Celer suffectus in absentia
c. 246 Aspasius Paternus suffectus
c. 250 Titus Flavius Postumius Varus suffectus
c. 250/252 Marcus Cocceius Anicius Faustus Flavianus suffectus
Before 253 Titus Desticius Juba suffectus
Before 257 Gaius Junius Donatus[235] suffectus
Before 258 Lucius Septimius Odaenathus[235] suffectus
c. 260 Lucius Caesonius Ovinius Manlius Rufinianus Bassus[note 2] suffectus
Before 275 Virius Lupus[235] suffectus
Between 253 and 264 Licinius Valerianus suffectus
Between 260 and 268 Naulobatus[235] suffectus
Before 260/268 Sextus Cocceius Anicius Faustus Paulinus suffectus
Before 262 Gaius Julius Sallustius Saturninus Fortunatianus[235] suffectus
Between 262 and 266 Censor II
Lepidus II[236]
consul ordinarius (Gaul)
Between 262 and 266 Dialis
Bassus
consul ordinarius (Gaul)
Between 262 and 266 Apr[...]
Ruf[...]
consul ordinarius (Gaul)
c. 265 Gaius Junius Tiberianus suffectus
Before 267 Gaius Servilius Marsus[235] suffectus
Mid 3rd century Gaius Memmius Caecilianus Placidus[235] suffectus
Before 269 Velleius Macrinus[235] suffectus
Between 267 and 270 Flavius Antiochianus[235] suffectus
c. 270 Lucius Julius Aurelius Septimius Vaballathus Athenodorus[235] suffectus
Before 275 Postumius Suagrus[205] suffectus
Before 275 Maecius Faltonius Nicomachus[235] suffectus
Mid to late 3rd century Lucius Publius Petronius Volusianus[235] suffectus
Mid to late 3rd century Marcus Pontius Eclectus Archelaus[235] suffectus
(?) Mid to late 3rd century Lucius Turcius Faesasius Apronianus[235] suffectus
Mid 3rd to early 4th century Lucius Suanius Victor Vitellianus[235] suffectus
(?) Late 3rd century Aulus Caecina Tacitus[235] suffectus
(?) Late 3rd century Gaius Lieurius Tranquillius Tocius Soaemus[235] suffectus
(?) Late 3rd to early 4th century Titus Campanius Priscus Maximianus[235] suffectus
Late 3rd to early 4th century Lucius Turcius Secundus[235] suffectus
Between 270 and 280 Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus suffectus
c. 280 Gaius Caeionius Rufius Volusianus suffectus
Before 286 Marcus Junius Maximus[235] suffectus
(?) 287 Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius[237] consul ordinarius (Britain)
Before c. 291 Titus Flavius Postumius Titianus[235] suffectus
Before 294 Gaius Macrinius Sossianus[235] suffectus
(?) Late 3rd to early 4th century Egnatius Caeci... Antistius Luce. signo Aerius[235] suffectus
Unknown date 3rd century Accius Iulianus Asclepianus[238] suffectus
End 3rd century Ostorius Euhodianus[239] designatus

4th centuryEdit

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
Before 307 Attius Insteius Tertullus[235] suffectus
Before c. 335 Lucius Crepereius Madalianus[235] suffectus
Before 337 Gaius Caelius Censorinus[235] suffectus
Before 345 Marcus Nummius Albinus[235] suffectus
Before 350 Memmius Vitrasius Orfitus[235] suffectus
c. 378 Meropius Pontius Paulinus[240] suffectus
c. 386 Ragonius Vincentius Celsus[240] suffectus
Before 395/6 Quintilius Laetus[240] suffectus
During 4th century Insteius Pompeianus[240] suffectus

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ This is not the consul ordinarius of 23 AD, Gaius Asinius Pollio
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z The date of his first consulship lacks a fixed date.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol I, 1.225
  2. ^ Wiedemann, T. E. J., Tiberius to Nero in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.-A.D. 69 (1996), pg. 219
  3. ^ Ronald Syme, The Augustan Aristocracy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986), p. 225; Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", Classical Quarterly, 28 (1978), p. 417, 426
  4. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 418, 426
  5. ^ a b c Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Gaius", Antichthon, 13 (1979), pp. 68f
  6. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), pg. 86
  7. ^ Giuseppe Camodeca, "Novità sui fasti consolari delle tavolette cerate della Campania", Publications de l'École française de Rome, 143 (1991), p. 69; Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 416, 426
  8. ^ Camodeca, "Novità sui fasti consolari", pp. 52, 70
  9. ^ a b Gallivan, "Reign of Gaius", p. 69; Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 421, 426
  10. ^ Ronald Syme, "Lurius Varus, a Stray Consular Legate", Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 88 (1984), pp. 165-169
  11. ^ CIL VI, 1473
  12. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 422, 426
  13. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 418f, 426
  14. ^ Syme and Anthony Birley, The provincial at Rome: and, Rome and the Balkans 80 BC - AD 14 (1999), pg. 121
  15. ^ Birley, The Roman Government of Britain (Oxford: University Press, 2005), p. 28
  16. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 420f, 426
  17. ^ CIL X, 827
  18. ^ Werner Eck, "Ergänzungen zu den Fasti Consulares des 1. und 2. Jh.n.Chr.", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 24 (1975),pp. 337f
  19. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, p. 34
  20. ^ a b c d e Judith R. Ginsburg, "Nero's Consular Policy", American Journal of Ancient History, 6 (1981), pp. 51-68
  21. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, p. 119
  22. ^ R. H. Rodgers, "Curatores Aquarum" in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 86 (1982), pg. 173
  23. ^ Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen, Classica et Mediaevalia, 57 (2006), pg. 160
  24. ^ Ladislav Vidman, "Zum Stemma der Nonii Asprenates", Listy filologické / Folia philologica, 105 (1982), p. 1
  25. ^ a b John D. Grainger, Nerva and the Roman Succession Crisis of AD 96-99 (2004), pg. 14
  26. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, pp. 87-88
  27. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for A. D. 70-96", Classical Quarterly, 31 (1981), p. 201
  28. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 207
  29. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 203, 219
  30. ^ Accepting the more narrow range of Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 212
  31. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 199f
  32. ^ Sherk, Roman Galatia, p. 990
  33. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 200
  34. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 1072 ("Mettius Pomposianus").
  35. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 205, 219
  36. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 206f, 219
  37. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 210, 219
  38. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 201, 219
  39. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 204
  40. ^ Bernard Rémy, Les carrières sénatoriales dans les provinces romaines d'Anatolie au Haut-Empire (31 av. J.-C. - 284 ap. J.-C.): (Pont-Bithynie, Galatie, Cappadoce, Lycie-Pamphylie et Cilicie) (Istanbul: Institut Français d'Études Anatoliennes-Georges Dumézil, 1989), p. 35
  41. ^ a b Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 202, 219
  42. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 208
  43. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 208f
  44. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 203
  45. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 209, 219
  46. ^ a b Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 204, 219
  47. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 207, 219
  48. ^ Sherk, "Roman Galatia", p. 1004
  49. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 209
  50. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), pg. 88
  51. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 209, 220
  52. ^ Sextus Julius Frontinus, Robert Howard Rodgers, De aquaeductu urbis Romae (2004), pg. 279
  53. ^ a b Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 211, 220
  54. ^ Syme, "P. Calvisius Ruso. One Person or Two?" Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 56 (1984), pp. 173-192
  55. ^ Brian Jones, The Emperor Domitian (1993) pg. 183
  56. ^ Eck, "Diplome, Konsuln und Statthalter: Fortschritte und Problem der kaiserlichen Prosopographie", Chiron, 34 (2004), p. 38 n. 47
  57. ^ a b Gallivan ("Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 211) argues that this suffect could be placed either before 87 or in 93; 93 is now complete.
  58. ^ Julian Bennett, Trajan: optimus princeps: a life and times (1997), pg. 82
  59. ^ a b E. Mary Smallwood, Documents Illustrating the Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian (Cambridge: University Press, 1966), p. 11
  60. ^ Sherk, "Roman Galatia", p. 1016
  61. ^ Sherk, "Roman Galatia", p. 1045
  62. ^ "Volusius 22", Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Supplement IX, col. 1864
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Smallwood, Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian, p. 12
  64. ^ Werner Eck and Andreas Pangerl, "Moesia und seine Truppen. Neue Diplome für Moesia und Moesia superior", Chiron, 38 (2008), p. 360
  65. ^ Smallwood dates this consul "Before 116" (Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian, p. 12), but since all of the consuls from 109 to 116 are known, his date has been accordingly adjusted.
  66. ^ Ioan Piso, "Ein Bruchstück eines Militärdiploms aus Apulum", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 126 (1999), pp. 246-248
  67. ^ a b c d e Werner Eck and Peter Weiss, "Hadrische Konsuln Neue Zeugnisse aus Militaerdiplomen", Chiron, 32 (2002), p. 483
  68. ^ Werner Eck and Andreas Pangerl, "Ein Consul Suffectus Q. Aburnius in drei fragmentarischen Diplomen", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 185 (2013), pp. 239–247
  69. ^ a b c d Alföldy, p. 201
  70. ^ a b c d e f g h Smallwood, Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian, p. 13
  71. ^ Paul Holder, Roman Military Diplomas V (London: Institute of Advanced Studies, 2006), No. 365
  72. ^ Holder, Roman Military Diplomas V No. 375
  73. ^ Peter Thonemann, The Maeander Valley: A Historical Geography from Antiquity to Byzantium (2011), p. 217
  74. ^ Ronald Syme, "The Proconsuls of Asia under Antoninus Pius", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 51 (1983), pp. 273
  75. ^ CIL XVI, 173
  76. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 203
  77. ^ Anthony Birley, The Fasti of Roman Britain (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981), p. 114
  78. ^ Leunissen, p. 108
  79. ^ Géza Alföldy, pp. 159, 214
  80. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 200
  81. ^ Leunissen, p. 460
  82. ^ Alföldy, pp. 137, 347ff
  83. ^ a b c d e Werner Eck, "Die Fasti consulares der Regungszeit des Antoninus Pius, eine Bestandsaufnahme seit Géza Alföldys Konsulat und Senatorenstand" in Studia epigraphica in memoriam Géza Alföldy, hg. W. Eck, B. Feher, and P. Kovács (Bonn, 2013), p. 81
  84. ^ Alföldy, p. 146
  85. ^ Known as a vir consularis from an inscription at Praeneste, dating from the reign of Antoninus Pius, CIL XIV, 2867.
  86. ^ Mennen, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011) p. 119
  87. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 151
  88. ^ Alföldy, p. 192
  89. ^ Alföldy, p. 147
  90. ^ Vidman (Fasti Ostienses: Edendos, illustrandos, restituendos, curavit (Prague: Academia, 1982), pp. 52, 134f) dates Hirrutus to 158, based on the Fasti Ostienses; Eck (pp. 79 n. 31, 84f) notes there are difficulties with that year and suggests 143, 149 and 150 as possible alternatives. Alföldy notes this pair belong to the last nundinium of an unknown year; he completes the name of Pollio's colleague as "Lucius Iu[nius Victorinus Flavius Caelianus]" (pp. 170f)
  91. ^ Alföldy, p. 149; however, Eck ("Die Fasti consulares", p. 87) dates his office to the beginning of the reign of Marcus Aurelius.
  92. ^ Werner Eck ("Die Fasti consulares", p. 74) dates this pair to 18 and 22 December 144 while Giuseppe Camodeca ("Una nuova coppia di consoli del 148 e il proconsul Achaiae M. Calpurnius Longus", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 112 (1996), pp. 235-240) dates them to the same dates in 148
  93. ^ Alföldy, pp. 150f
  94. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), p. 91
  95. ^ Although Alföldy (p. 226) dates Equester to c. 154 based on an inscription (AE 1940, 176), Eck and Weiß subsequently argued ("Tusidius Campester, cos. suff. unter Antoninus Pius, und die Fasti Ostienses der Jahre141/142 n. Chr.", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 134 (2001), pp. 255f) this range of dates is more likely.
  96. ^ a b c d e Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 82
  97. ^ Alföldy, pp. 202f
  98. ^ Alföldy, pp. 159f
  99. ^ Alföldy, p. 161
  100. ^ D. French, "D Fonteius Fronto, proconsul (of Asia)", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 29 (1978), pp. 211-212
  101. ^ a b Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 83
  102. ^ Shelagh Jameson, "Two Lycian Families", Anatolian Studies, 16 (1966), p. 125
  103. ^ Leunissen, p. 109
  104. ^ Alföldy, pp. 168f
  105. ^ Sarah Emily Bond, Ob Merita: The epigraphic rise and fall of the civic patrona in Roman North Africa (2007), p. 40
  106. ^ Alföldy, p. 229
  107. ^ Alföldy, pp. 173, 377f
  108. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 173
  109. ^ Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 84
  110. ^ Proculus is likely P. Calpurnius Proculus. (Alföldy, p. 194f)
  111. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 196
  112. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 197
  113. ^ Leunissen, p. 207
  114. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 145
  115. ^ Alföldy, p. 177
  116. ^ Leunissen, p. 372
  117. ^ Alföldy, p. 195
  118. ^ Alföldy, p. 178
  119. ^ Alföldy, pp. 365-367
  120. ^ Alföldy, p. 180
  121. ^ Alföldy, p. 179. Eck and Weiß ("Tusidius Campester", pp. 251-260) has shown Fronto was not consul in 165.
  122. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 182
  123. ^ Birley, Anthony, Marcus Aurelius: A Biography, Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2001, pg. 301
  124. ^ Timothy Venning, John Drinkwater Chronology of the Roman Empire (2011), p. 542
  125. ^ Alföldy, pp. 183f
  126. ^ Alföldy, pp. 182f
  127. ^ Alföldy, p. 184
  128. ^ Alföldy, pp. 184f
  129. ^ Peter Weiß, "P. Caelius Optatus, cos. suff. 167 oder 168 n. Chr.", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 140 (2002), pp. 253-256
  130. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 197
  131. ^ Alföldy, p. 185
  132. ^ Alföldy, pp. 197f
  133. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 198
  134. ^ Alföldy, p. 202
  135. ^ Alföldy, pp. 186f
  136. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 187
  137. ^ Alföldy, pp. 187f
  138. ^ Alföldy, p. 188
  139. ^ Alföldy, p. 198
  140. ^ Leunissen, p. 214
  141. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 190
  142. ^ Leunissen, p. 81 n. 25
  143. ^ Leunissen, p. 222
  144. ^ Herbert Nesselhauf, Gnomon 26 (1954), p. 267
  145. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 199
  146. ^ Leunissen, p. 205
  147. ^ Alföldy, p. 191
  148. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), pg. 119
  149. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 138
  150. ^ Leunissen, p. 205
  151. ^ Jameson, "Two Lycian Families", p. 128
  152. ^ Leunissen, pp. 146f
  153. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 147
  154. ^ Son of M. Aemilius Saturninus, consul suffect of 174. (Leunissen, p. 294)
  155. ^ Son of M. Ulpius Carminius Claudianus, suffect under Antoninus Pius. (Leunissen, p. 151)
  156. ^ Quadratus' son C. Asinius Nicomachus Julianus may have been proconsul of Asia under Septimius Severus, making it possible he was suffect under Commodus (Leunissen, p. 147)
  157. ^ Leunissen, p. 169
  158. ^ Consul possibly as early as under Marcus Aurelius; executed in 182 (Leunissen, pp. 196, 399)
  159. ^ Leunissen, pp. 61, 138
  160. ^ Leunissen, p. 196
  161. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 198
  162. ^ a b c Leunissen, p. 139
  163. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 142
  164. ^ Philip A. G. Sabin, Hans van Wees, Michael Whitby, The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Warfare: Rome from the late Republic to the late Empire (2007), pg. 607
  165. ^ Leunissen, pp. 139f
  166. ^ Mennen, pg. 114
  167. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 141
  168. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 140
  169. ^ Leunissen, pp. 205-207
  170. ^ Werner Eck, "Ergänzungen zu den Fasti Consulares des 1. und 2. Jh.n.Chr.", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 24 (1975), pp. 326f
  171. ^ Leunissen, pp. 141f
  172. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 143
  173. ^ Peter Thonemann, The Maeander Valley: A Historical Geography from Antiquity to Byzantium (2011), pg. 233
  174. ^ Brother of M. Iuventius Caesianus, who dedicated a statue to Secundus' wife, Postumia Paulla. Possibly suffects at the same time; if not, then under Commodus or Septimius Severus. (Leunissen, p. 149)
  175. ^ Hubert Cancik, Helmuth Schneider, David E. Orton, Brill's New Pauly: encyclopaedia of the ancient world (2008), pg. 189
  176. ^ Leunissen, p. 144
  177. ^ Birley, Fasti of Roman Britain, p. 278
  178. ^ Possibly executed Summer, 193 (Leunissen, p. 145)
  179. ^ Leunissen, pp. 151f
  180. ^ a b Leunissen, pp. 152
  181. ^ Anthony Birley, The Fasti of Roman Britain, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981), p. 156
  182. ^ Leunissen, p. 148
  183. ^ Leunissen, pp. 147f
  184. ^ Leunissen, pp. 149f
  185. ^ Leunissen, p. 166
  186. ^ Mennen, p. 131
  187. ^ Leunissen, p. 169
  188. ^ Leunissen, pp. 169f
  189. ^ Father of M. Ulpius Eubiotus Leurus, suffect c. 230 (Leunissen, p. 172)
  190. ^ Leunissen, p. 190
  191. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 153
  192. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 154
  193. ^ Leunissen, p. 149
  194. ^ a b c d e f Leunissen, p. 155
  195. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 156
  196. ^ Rusu-Bolindeț, Viorica; Strâmbu, Iulia; Muntean, Teodor; Varga, Rada; Bounegru, George (2011). Palatul guvernatorului Daciei romane de la Apulum - O redescoperire a patrimoniului. Cluj-Napoca: Mega. p. 44. ISBN 978-606-543-115-7.
  197. ^ Recorded as consul designatus c. 198. (Leunissen, p. 156)
  198. ^ Leunissen, p. 157
  199. ^ Mentioned in the Records of the Arval Brethren in 219, 224, 231, and possibly 237; unclear if he was suffect consul by 219. (Leunissen, p. 178)
  200. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 158
  201. ^ Anthony Richard Birley, The Roman government of Britain, (2005) pg. 259
  202. ^ Leunissen, pp. 191f
  203. ^ Leunissen, p. 201
  204. ^ Leunissen, p. 203
  205. ^ a b Mennen, Inge, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011), pg. 122
  206. ^ Leunissen, p. 225
  207. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 160
  208. ^ Leunissen, p. 161
  209. ^ Leunissen, p. 159
  210. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 163
  211. ^ Robin Mc Mahon,Pupienus (238 A.D.) and Balbinus (238 A.D.), De Imperatoribus Romanis (2001)
  212. ^ Leunissen, pg. 255
  213. ^ Leunissen, pp. 165f
  214. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 165
  215. ^ Leunissen, pg. 403
  216. ^ Leunissen, pg. 268
  217. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 175
  218. ^ Leunissen, p. 174
  219. ^ Leunissen, pg. 167
  220. ^ A. D. Rizakēs, S. Zoumbaki, Suomen Ateenan-instituutin säätiö, Kentron Hellēnikēs kai Rōmaikēs Archaiotētos, Roman Peloponnese. 2. Laconia and Messenia (1996), pg. 222
  221. ^ Leunissen, p. 176
  222. ^ Leunissen, pp. 176, 276
  223. ^ Tim G. Parkin, Old age in the Roman world: a cultural and social history (2003), pg. 111
  224. ^ Leunissen, p. 187
  225. ^ Leunissen, pg. 181
  226. ^ Christian Settipani, Continuité gentilice et continuité familiale dans les familles sénatoriales romaines à l'époque impériale: mythe et réalité (2000), pp. 121-124
  227. ^ D. H. French, "Milestones of Pontus, Galatia, Phrygia and Lycia", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 43 (1981) pp. 170-171
  228. ^ Leunissen, p. 147
  229. ^ Leunissen, pg. 360
  230. ^ Leunissen, pg. 186
  231. ^ Encyclopedia of Roman Empire (2008)
  232. ^ Leunissen, p. 321
  233. ^ Mireille Corbier, L'aerarium Saturni et l'aerarium militare (1974), p. 313
  234. ^ Christol, Michel, Essai sur l'évolution des carrières sénatoriales dans la seconde moitié du IIIe siècle ap. J.C. (1986), p. 188
  235. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Jones & Martindale, p. 1046
  236. ^ Prior to this they were either suffect consuls, or perhaps ordinary consuls with Postumus between 259 and 261 (Jones & Martindale, p. 1046)
  237. ^ Bagnall, Roger S. Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (1987), p. 109
  238. ^ Sarah Emily Bond, Ob Merita: The epigraphic rise and fall of the civic patrona in Roman North Africa (2007), p. 63
  239. ^ Leunissen, p. 369
  240. ^ a b c d Jones & Martindale, p. 1047

SourcesEdit

  • Alföldy, Géza Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter der Antoninen Bonn: Rudolf Habelt Verlag (1977)
  • Jones, A. H. M.; Martindale, J. R.; Morris, J. The Prosopography of the later Roman Empire, Vol. I, AD 260-395 (1971)
  • Leunissen, Paul M. M. Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit von Commodus bis Severus Alexander (1989)