List of glands of the human body

This page contains a list of glands of the human body

List of endocrine and exocrine glandsEdit

Name(s) Location Product Structure
Apocrine sweat glands skin coiled tubular
Bauhin's glands, anterior lingual glands tongue, near tip nonserous or mixed
Brunner's glands, duodenum mucous compound tubular
Bronchopulmonary glands lungs mucous
Bulbourethral glands, Cowper's glands, Mery's glands penis, base Pre-ejaculate tubulo-alveolar
Ceruminous gland ear Cerumen
Ciaccio's glands, accessory lacrimal glands eye
Cobelli's glands esophagus, just above the cardia, in the mucosa mucous
Ebner's glands tongue serous
Eccrine sweat glands skin coiled tubular
Esophageal glands esophagus mucous racemose
Exocrine pancreas pancreas serous tubulo-acinar
Gastric chief cell, Wasmann's glands stomach serous
Glomus coccygeum, coccygeal gland, Luschka's gland or gangliona coccyx, near the tip
Goblet cells digestive tract, respiratory tract mucous simple unicellular
Henle's glands eyelids, in the conjunctiva tubular
Krause's glands conjunctiva, middle portion mucous
Lieberkuhn's glands intestines, surface of mucous membrane simple tubular
Littré's glands, Morgagni's glands spongy portion of the urethra racemose
Lumbar glands abdomen, near the back
Mammary gland breast compound tubulo-acinar
Meibomian gland eyelids sebaceous
Moll's glands eyelids
Montgomery's glands mammary areola sebaceous
Naboth's glands cervix and os uteri mucous
Olfactory glands, Bowman's glands nose, olfactory region
Paneth cells small intestine serous
Gley's glands, Sandstroem's glands, parathyroid gland in the neck
Parietal cell stomach hydrochloric acid, intrinsic factor dynamic canaliculi
Parotid gland mouth serous tubulo-alveolar
Peyer's patches (or glands) ileum, lymphatic glands
Prostate surrounds the urethra just below the urinary bladder tubulo-alveolar
Pyloric glands antrum of the pylorus, stomach mucous, gastrin simple branched tubular
Sebaceous gland skin sebum acinar - branched
Sublingual gland, Rivini's gland mouth mucus (primarily) tubulo-alveolar
Submandibular gland mouth mixed (M+S) tubulo-alveolar
Sudoriparous glands, Boerhaave's glands skin
Sigmund's glands epitrochlear lymph nodes of axilla
Suzanne's gland mouth, beneath the alveolo-lingual groove[1] mucous
Tiedmann's glands, Bartholin's glands, vulvovaginal glands vulva, vagina
Tubarial glands posterior nasopharynx, over the torus tubarius[2] saliva
Uterine glands uterus tubular
Weber's glands tongue mucous tubular
Glands of Zeis eyelids, free edges sebaceous

SkinEdit

There are several specialized glands within the human integumentary system that are derived from apocrine or sebaceous gland precursors. There are no specialized variants of eccrine glands.

Specialized glands within the human integumentary system
Name Precursor gland derived from[3] Anatomic location
Ceruminous gland Apocrine Ear canal
Mammary gland Apocrine Breast
Moll's gland Apocrine Eyelid margin
Tyson's gland Sebaceous Genital skin
Meibomian gland Sebaceous Tarsal plate
Gland of Zeis Sebaceous Associated with eyelashes on eyelid margin
Montgomery gland Sebaceous Areola
Fordyce spot Sebaceous Vermillion border

Endocrine glandsEdit

See List of human endocrine organs and actions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Anil Ghom, Shubhange Mhaske. Oral pathology. p. Glossary, 837.
  2. ^ Valstar, Matthijs H.; de Bakker, Bernadette S.; Steenbakkers, Roel J.H.M.; de Jong, Kees H.; Smit, Laura A.; Klein Nulent, Thomas J.W.; van Es, Robert J.J.; Hofland, Ingrid; de Keizer, Bart; Jasperse, Bas; Balm, Alfons J.M.; van der Schaaf, Arjen; Langendijk, Johannes A.; Smeele, Ludi E.; Vogel, Wouter V. (September 2020). "The tubarial salivary glands: A potential new organ at risk for radiotherapy". Radiotherapy and Oncology. doi:10.1016/j.radonc.2020.09.034. PMID 32976871.
  3. ^ Eccrine glands have no specialized variants.
  1. Michael H. Ross & Wojciech Pawlina, Histology: A Text and Atlas