List of science fiction films before 1920

A list of science fiction films released before the 1920s. These films include core elements of science fiction and are widely available with reviews by reputable critics or film historians.

Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
1895
La Charcuterie mécanique Lumière Brothers France Short film[1]
1897
Gugusse et l'Automate Georges Méliès Georges Méliès France Short film,[2] lost
The X-Rays George Albert Smith United Kingdom
1898
Les rayons Röntgen Georges Méliès France lost film
1902
A Trip to the Moon Georges Méliès Georges Méliès France Short film
1907
20.000 Lieues Sous les Mers Georges Méliès Georges Méliès France Short film
The Eclipse, or the Courtship of the Sun and the Moon Georges Méliès Georges Méliès France
1908
El hotel eléctrico Segundo de Chomón Segundo de Chomón Spain Short film[3][4]
1909
Airship Destroyer Walter R. Booth United Kingdom Short film[5]
Viaje al planeta Júpiter Segundo de Chomón Segundo de Chomón Spain Short film[3][4]
1910
Frankenstein J. Searle Dawley Augustus Phillips, Charles Stanton Ogle, Mary Fuller United States Short film
Viaje al centro de la tierra Segundo de Chomón Segundo de Chomón Spain Short film[3][4]
1911
Aerial Anarchists Walter R. Booth United Kingdom Short film , lost film
Little Moritz enlève Rosalie Henri Gambard France Short film
1912
The Conquest of the Pole George Melies George Melies France Short film
1913
Amerika – Europa im Luftschiff Alfred Lind Germany
Le avventure straordinarissime di Saturnino Farandola Marcel Fabre Italy
A Message From Mars J. Wallett Waller United Kingdom
1915
Der Kraftmeier Ernst Lubitsch Ernst Lubitsch Germany
William Voss Rudolf Meinert Germany
1916
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Stuart Paton Leviticus Jones, Alan Holubar United States
Homunculus Otto Rippert Olaf Fønss, Friedrich Kuehne Germany Serial film[6]
Tales of Hoffman Richard Oswald Erich Kaiser-Titz, Werner Krauss Germany
Titanenkampf Joseph Delmont Erich Kaiser-Titz Germany
Verdens Undergang August Blom Alf Blütecher, Olaf Fønss, Johanne Fritz-Petersen Denmark [7]
1917
Himmelskibet Holger-Madsen Ole Olsen Denmark
1918
Alraune Michael Curtiz, Edmund Fritz Géza Erdélyi, Gyula Gál Hungary
Alraune, die Henkerstochter, genannt die rote Hanne Eugen Illés, Joseph Klein Max Auzinger, Joseph Klein Germany
The Master Mystery Burton King Harry Houdini, Ruth Stonehouse, William Pike, Floyd Buckley United States Serial film[8][9]
The Star Prince Madeline Brandeis Zoe Rae, Dorphia Brown United States
1919
Die Arche Richard Oswald Leo Connard, Eva Speyer Germany
The First Men in the Moon Bruce Gordon, J.L.V. Leigh Bruce Gordon, Heather Thatcher, Lionel d'Aragon United Kingdom
The Mistress of the World Joe May Mia May, Michael Bohnen, Hans Mierendorff Germany

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hardy, Phil (1994). The Overlook Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction. Overlook Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-87951-626-7.
  2. ^ Benson, Michael (2002). Fighting Robots: A Guide to Radio-controlled Combatants. Citadel Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-8065-2372-7.
  3. ^ a b c Jiménez, Jesús (18 February 2012). "La ciencia ficción, un género tan raro en el cine español como estimulante". rtve (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Merelo, Alfonso (14 December 2004). "Ecine de ciencia ficción en españa: Una aproximación". Ciencia-ficcion.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  5. ^ Paris, Michael (1995). From the Wright brothers to Top gun: aviation, nationalism, and popular cinema. Manchester University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-7190-4074-4.
  6. ^ Prince, Stephen (2004). The Horror Film. Rutgers University Press. p. 22. ISBN 0-8135-3363-5.
  7. ^ Mitry, Jean (1965). Filmographie Universelle (in French). 5. Paris, France: Institut des hautes études cinématographiques. p. 155.
  8. ^ Wollstein, Hans J. (2009). "The Master Mystery (1918)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2009-06-19.
  9. ^ Telotte, J. P. (1999). A Distant Technology: Science Fiction Film and the Machine Age. Wesleyan University Press. p. 100. ISBN 0-8195-6346-3.