List of parliaments of the United Kingdom

This is a list of parliaments of the United Kingdom, tabulated with the elections to the House of Commons and the list of members of the House.

The parliaments are numbered from the formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. For previous Westminster parliaments, see the list of parliaments of Great Britain and list of parliaments of England. For pre-Union Dublin parliaments, see the list of parliaments of Ireland. For pre-1707 Scottish parliaments, see the list of parliaments of Scotland.

List of parliamentsEdit

Monarch Number Start date Election Members Prime Minister(s)[1] Party Percentage of
popular vote
George III 1st 1801 none: co-opted William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Tory
2nd 1802 Generation election MPs Henry Addington
William Pitt the Younger
Tory
3rd 1806 Generation election MPs William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Lord Grenville Whig
4th 1807 Generation election MPs William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland
Spencer Perceval
Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool
Tory
5th 1812 Generation election MPs Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool Tory
6th 1818 Generation election MPs Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool Tory
George IV 7th 1820 Generation election MPs Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool Tory
8th 1826 Generation election MPs Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool
George Canning
Frederick John Robinson, Viscount Goderich
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington
Tory
William IV 9th 1830 Generation election MPs Charles Grey, Earl Grey Whig
10th 1831 Generation election MPs Charles Grey, Earl Grey Whig
11th 1832 Generation election MPs Charles Grey, Earl Grey
William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne
Robert Peel
Whig 67.0
12th 1835 Generation election MPs William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne Whig 55.2
Victoria 13th 1837 Generation election MPs William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne Whig 51.7
14th 1841 Generation election MPs Robert Peel Conservative 56.9
15th 1847 Generation election MPs Lord John Russell Whig 53.8
16th 1852 Generation election MPs Edward Smith-Stanley, Earl of Derby
George Hamilton Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen
Conservative 41.9
17th 1857 Generation election MPs Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston
Edward Smith-Stanley, Earl of Derby
Whig 65.9
18th 1859 Generation election MPs Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston Liberal 65.7
19th 1865 Generation election MPs John Russell, Earl Russell
Edward Smith-Stanley, Earl of Derby
Benjamin Disraeli
Liberal 59.5
20th 1868 Generation election MPs William Ewart Gladstone Liberal 61.5
21st 1874 Generation election MPs Benjamin Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876) Conservative 44.3
22nd 1880 Generation election MPs William Ewart Gladstone Liberal 54.7
23rd 1885 Generation election MPs The Marquess of Salisbury
William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal (minority) 47.4
24th 1886 Generation election MPs The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative 51.1
25th 1892 Generation election MPs William Ewart Gladstone
Archibald Philip Primrose, Earl of Rosebery
Liberal (minority) 45.4
26th 1895 Generation election MPs The Marquess of Salisbury Conservative 49.0
27th 1900 Generation election MPs The Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Conservative 50.3
Edward VII
28th 1906 Generation election MPs Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
Liberal 48.9
29th 1910 (Jan) Generation election MPs H. H. Asquith Liberal (minority) 43.5
George V
30th 1910 (Dec) Generation election MPs H. H. Asquith
David Lloyd George
Liberal (minority) 43.2
31st 1918 Generation election MPs David Lloyd George Coalition 47.1
32nd 1922 Generation election MPs Bonar Law Conservative 38.5
33rd 1923 Generation election MPs Ramsay MacDonald Labour (minority) 30.7
34th 1924 Generation election MPs Stanley Baldwin Conservative 46.8
35th 1929 Generation election MPs Ramsay MacDonald Labour (minority) 37.1
36th 1931 Generation election MPs Ramsay MacDonald National Government 67.2
37th 1935 Generation election MPs Stanley Baldwin
Neville Chamberlain
Winston Churchill
National Government 53.3
Edward VIII
George VI
38th 1945 Generation election MPs Clement Attlee Labour 49.7
39th 1950 Generation election MPs Clement Attlee Labour 46.1
40th 1951 Generation election MPs Winston Churchill Conservative 48.0
Elizabeth II
41st 1955 Generation election MPs Anthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Conservative 49.7
42nd 1959 Generation election MPs Harold Macmillan
Alec Douglas-Home
Conservative 49.4
43rd 1964 Generation election MPs Harold Wilson Labour 44.1
44th 1966 Generation election MPs Harold Wilson Labour 48.0
45th 1970 Generation election MPs Edward Heath Conservative 46.4
46th 1974 (Feb) Generation election MPs Harold Wilson Labour (minority) 37.2
47th 1974 (Oct) Generation election MPs Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Labour 39.2
48th 1979 Generation election MPs Margaret Thatcher Conservative 43.9
49th 1983 Generation election MPs Margaret Thatcher Conservative 42.3
50th 1987 Generation election MPs Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Conservative 42.2
51st 1992 Generation election MPs John Major Conservative 41.9
52nd 1997 Generation election MPs Tony Blair Labour 43.2
53rd 2001 Generation election MPs Tony Blair Labour 40.7
54th 2005 Generation election MPs Tony Blair
Gordon Brown
Labour 35.2
55th 2010 Generation election MPs David Cameron Coalition 59.1
(Con: 36.1; Lib Dem: 23.0)
56th 2015 Generation election MPs David Cameron
Theresa May
Conservative 36.9
57th 2017 Generation election MPs Theresa May
Boris Johnson
Conservative 42.4
58th 2019 Generation election MPs Boris Johnson
Liz Truss
Conservative 43.6
Charles III

The parties listed are those that won the election. During the nineteenth century, the party of government sometimes changed between general elections.

NotesEdit

  • ^ The term Prime Minister was not officially recognised until Campbell-Bannerman, although the title had been in common use, often as an insult, since 1721.

See alsoEdit