Open main menu

The list of non-Arab Sahaba includes non-Arabs among the original Sahaba of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Muhammad had many followers from amongst the Arabs, from many different tribes. However, he also had many non-Arab Sahaba, from many different ethnicities. Some of these non-Arabs were among the most beloved and loyal individuals to Muhammad. The inclusion of these non-Arabs among the original followers of Muhammad and Islam represents the universality of the message of Islam.

Classical SourcesEdit

Afro-ArabsEdit

  • Bilal ibn Ribah, First Muezzin (Reciter of the Adhan) in history. He was born into slavery but was emancipated by the Muslims.
  • Summayah Bint Khayyat - Wife of Yasir ibn Amir and first Shahida (martyr) in Islam.
  • Wahshi ibn Harb was an Abyssinian who killed Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib in the Battle of Uhud before accepting Islam and then later reportedly killed Musaylima in the Ridda Wars.
  • Umm Ayman (Barakah), was around Muhammad from his birth until his death and was the closest example of a mother to him (after his own mother’s death when he was a child). She was the mother of Usama ibn Zayd and Ayman ibn Ubayd.
  • Ayman ibn Ubayd, son of Umm Ayman and half-brother of Usama ibn Zayd. Ayman was killed fighting in the Battle of Hunayn.
  • Usama ibn Zayd, son of Umm Ayman. Prominent general in the early Muslim Caliphate.
  • Al-Nahdiah, converted to Islam while she was a slave, but refused to abandon her new faith even after being tortured and persecuted by her slave-master. She was later freed from slavery.
  • Lubaynah, converted to Islam while she was a slave, but refused to abandon her new faith even after being persecuted by her then pagan slave-master. She was later freed from slavery.
  • Umm Ubays, converted to Islam while she was a slave, but refused to abandon her new faith even after being tortured and persecuted by her pagan slave-master. She was later freed from slavery. She was the daughter of Al-Nahdiah.
  • Sumayyah bint Khabbat, one of the first to embrace Islam and later on get killed because of her faith by the polytheistic Banu Makhzum. She is described in the sources as being black-skinned. The sources assume she was of ethiopian origin.[1][2]

PersianEdit

  • Salman al-Farsi – He was born in Persia but embarked on a long and continuous journey (away from his homeland) in search of the truth. He ultimately reached his destination in Arabia, when he met Muhammad and converted to Islam. It was his suggestion to build a trench in the Battle of the Trench that ultimately resulted in a defeat for the forces of the enemies of the Muslims.
  • Fayruz al-Daylami – He was sent out by Muhammad to defeat in battle Aswad Ansi, who claimed prophethood in Yemen.
  • Munabbih ibn Kamil – He was a Persian knight. He had two sons, who were both Islamic scholars.
  • Salim Mawla Abu-Hudhayfah – He was a highly respected and valued Muslim (among his fellow Muslims), who died while fighting against the forces of Musaylimah during the Wars of Apostasy. Umar ibn al-Khattāb suggested he would have designated Salim as his successor to the Caliphate had he still been alive.

RomanEdit

  • Harithah bint al-Muammil (Zunayra), converted to Islam while she was a slave, but refused to abandon her new faith even after being persecuted to such a severe extent that she lost her eyesight. She was later freed from slavery. Umm Ubays was her sister.
  • Suhayb ar-Rumi, enslaved by the Byzantines, at a young age and grew up speaking Greek, and forgot Arabic. He later escaped to Mecca after being a slave for twenty years in the Byzantine lands, and became an esteemed companion of Muhammad.

Copt (Egyptian)Edit

  • Maria al-Qibtiyya – Was a slave who went on to become one of Muhammad's wives, she was the mother of Muhammad's third son Ibrahim.
  • Sirin – Was the wife of Hassan ibn Thabit, who was one of the best Arab poets of the time. Maria al-Qibtiyya was her sister.

JewishEdit

  • Abdullah ibn Salam – Was a rabbi before his conversion to Islam. He was the first Muslim that was explicitly promised Jannah (paradise) by Muhammad, while he was still alive. He is credited as the man who participated in most battles during the Prophet's time. He was an expert in reading Hebrew bible, his mother tongue, and he was assigned by the Prophet to document Quran.
  • Safiyya bint Huyayy – She was one of Muhammad's wives.
  • Rayhana – Also one of Muhammad's wives.
  • Banu Najjar "The Carpenter family" a Jewish family who converted to Islam under the Tree "Ansar allegiance under the tree" and shook hands with the Prophet. They were the first Ansar Muslims of Medina.
  • Abu Ayyub al-Ansari was the host of the Prophet when he immigrated to Medina. He participated in the First Siege of Constantinople at age of over 80.

AssyrianEdit

  • Addas – He was a young Christian slave boy (originally from Nineveh) who was the first person from Taif to convert to Islam.

KurdishEdit

  • Jaban al-Kurdi – He was better known as Jaban Al-Kurdi. In the year 18 after Hijra, he went back to Kurdistan to preach Islam in his homeland. Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani mentions in his book Finding the Truth in Judging the Companions, 10 hadiths which are quoted by Jaban. His son Abu Basir was a Tabi'i.
  • Maymun al-Kurdi (Abu Basir Maymun al-Kurdi ibn Jaban)
  • Zozan Sahabi or Zozana Kurdi

Alleged according to Local LegendEdit

ComorianEdit

  • Fey Bedja Mwamba – According to Comorian legend, he was a Comorian noble who brought Islam to the Comoros Islands visiting Mecca during Muhammad’s lifetime where he converted to Islam.
  • Mtswa Mwandze – According to Comorian legend, he was a Comorian noble who brought Islam to the Comoros Islands visiting Mecca during Muhammad’s lifetime where he converted to Islam.

IndianEdit

PashtunEdit

  • Qais Abdur Rashid (also known as Imraul Qais Khan), legendary ancestor of the Pashtuns, who traveled from Zhob, present day Baluchistan, Pakistan to Arabia to meet Muhammad and there embraced Islam, before returning to his people and introducing them to the faith.

See alsoEdit

  • Al-Najashi – He was the king of the Kingdom of Aksum who allowed a number of Muslims (who were being persecuted by the pagans of Arabia) to live safely under his protection in his kingdom. He later converted to Islam and when he died, Muhammad observed prayer in absentia for him.[3]
  • Badhan (Persian Governor) – He was the Sassanid Persian Governor of Yemen who converted to Islam after one of Muhammad's prophecies was proven to be correct. As a result, every Persian in Yemen followed his example and also converted to Islam. The first mosque outside Arabia was ordered to be built by him in the Persian port city of Cylan.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Champions’ of the True Faith, by Farid Adel, Section: Sumayyah bint Khayyat.
  2. ^ Jamal M. Ahmed, « Islam in the context of contemporary socio-religious thought of Africa », Al-Abhath Quarterly Journal, vol. 20, no 2,‎juin 1967, p. 13-15.
  3. ^ The most widespread definition of a companion is someone who saw Muhammad, believed in him and died as a Muslim. Anyone who died after rejecting Islam and becoming an apostate is not considered a companion. Those that saw him but held off believing in him until after his passing are not considered Sahaba but Tabi`in.