List of Orchidaceae genera

This is a list of genera in the orchid family (Orchidaceae), originally according to The Families of Flowering Plants - L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. This list is adapted regularly with the changes published in the Orchid Research Newsletter which is published twice a year by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The most up to date list of accepted; genera, natural nothogenera, species and natural nothospecies with their synonyms can be found on the World Checklist of Selected Plants Families Search Page published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This list is reflected on Wikispecies Orchidaceae and the new eMonocot website Orchidaceae Juss.

This taxonomy undergoes constant change, mainly through evidence from DNA study. Orchids were traditionally defined by morphological similarity (structure of their flowers and other parts). However, recent changes to nomenclature have been driven primarily by DNA studies and also by re-examination of herbarium specimens. This has led to a reduction of genera and species as well as re-circumscription of sub-families, tribes and sub-tribes. Orchid taxonomy is still being revised and each year about another 150 new species are being discovered. The list of genera alone currently stands just short of 1000 entries.

From a cladistic point of view, the orchid family is considered to be monophyletic, i.e. the group incorporates all the taxa derived from an ancestral group.

The taxonomy of the orchids is explained on the page Taxonomy of the orchid family.

SubfamiliesEdit

There are five recognized subfamilies:[1]

GeneraEdit

AEdit

 
Aerides lawrenciae
 
Ancistrochilus rothschildianus
 
Ansellia africana
 
Ascocentrum miniatum

BEdit

 
Barkeria spectabilis
 
Barkeria shoemakeri
 
Brassia girouldiana
 
Brassia maculata

CEdit

 
Calanthe triplicata
 
Chysis bractescens
 
Chloraea crispa
 
Cochleanthes amazonica
 
Cochlioda noezliana
 
Coelogyne cristata
 
Coelogyne tomentosa
 
Coelogyne speciosa
 
Comparettia macroplectrum
 
Comparettia speciosa
 
Cycnoches peruviana
 
Cymbidiella pardalina
 
Cypripedium acaule

DEdit

EEdit

 
Epidendrum radicans
 
Eria stricta
 
Euanthe sanderiana

FEdit

GEdit

 
Gastrochilus japonicus
 
Gomesa crispa
 
Gomesa recurva

HEdit

 
Haraella retrocalla

IEdit

JEdit

KEdit

LEdit

 
Leptotes bicolor
 
Ludisia discolor
 
Lycaste Cassiopeia (a cultivar)

MEdit

 
Macodes lowii
 
Macodes petola
 
Maxillaria cucullata
 
Maxillaria picta
 
Mexicoa ghiesbrechtiana
 
Oncidium schroederianum

NEdit

OEdit

 
Oerstedella centropetalla
 
Ornithophora radicans

PEdit

 
Phaius tankervilleae
 
Northern green orchid (Platanthera hyperborea)
 
Western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara)
 
Polystachya pubescens
 
Prosthechea cochleata
 
Prosthechea garciana
 
Prosthechea radiata

QEdit

REdit

 
Rhyncholaelia glauca
 
Rhynchostele bictoniensis
 
Rhynchostele cordatum
 
Rossioglossum ampliatum

SEdit

 
Spiranthes romanzoffiana

TEdit

UEdit

VEdit

WEdit

XEdit

YEdit

ZEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chase, Mark W.; Cameron, Kenneth M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Pridgeon, Alec M.; Salazar, Gerardo; van den Berg, Cássio; Schuiteman, André (2015). "An updated classification of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 177 (2): 151–174. doi:10.1111/boj.12234. ISSN 0024-4074.
  • The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) (2000).
  • Dressler, R.L. (1993). Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Cambridge Univ. Press
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (1999). Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2001). Genera Orchidacearum 2. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2006). Genera Orchidacearum 4. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2009). Genera Orchidacearum 5. Oxford Univ. Press

External linksEdit