Open main menu

Wikipedia β

This is a list of national animals.

National animalsEdit

Country Name of animal Scientific name Pictures Ref.
  Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda   [1]
  Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus   [2]
  Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita   [3]
  Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama   [4]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens   [4]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata   [4]
  Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus   [5]
  Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus   [6]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae   [7]
  Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus   [8]
  Bangladesh Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [9]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis   [9]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha   [9]
  Belarus European bison Bison bonasus   [10]
  Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii   [10][11]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus   [12]
  Belgium Lion (heraldic Leo Belgicus) Panthera leo   [13]
  Bhutan Druk Mythical   [14]
Takin Budorcas taxicolor   [15]
  Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris   [16]
  Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli [17]
  Canada North American beaver (sovereignty animal symbol) Castor canadensis   [18][19]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [19]
  China Giant panda (national animal) Ailuropoda melanoleuca   [20]
Chinese dragon (national animal) Mythical   [21]
Red-crowned crane (national bird) Grus japonensis   [22]
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni   [10]
  Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus   [23]
  Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi   [24]
White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus   [25]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus   [26]
  Croatia Pine marten Martes martes   [27][28]
  Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus   [29][30]
  Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis   [31]
  Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical   [32]
  Denmark Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor   [33]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae   [33]
  Egypt Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis   [34]
  Estonia Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica   [35]
  Ethiopia Lion Panthera leo   [36]
  Finland Brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos   [37]
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus   [38]
  Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus   [39]
  France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus   [40]
  Germany Unspecified Eagle Members of Accipitridae   [41]
  Greece Phoenix Mythical   [42][43]
Dolphins Delphinus   [44]
  Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno   [45]
  Haiti Hispaniolan Trogan Priotelus roseigaster   [46]
  Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus   [47]
  Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug) [48]  
  Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus   [49]
  India Bengal tiger (National predator) Panthera tigris tigris   [50]
Green peafowl (National bird) Pavo muticus   [51]
King cobra (National reptile) Ophiophagus hannah   [52]
Ganges river dolphin (National aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica gangetica   [53]
Indian elephant (National heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus   [54]
  Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis   [55]
Garuda (historic national animal) Mythical   [56]
  Iran Persian lion Panthera leo persica   [42]
  Iraq Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar   [57]
Goat
(  KRG)
Capra aegagrus   [58]
  Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops   [42]
  Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus   [59]
  Japan Green pheasant (national bird) Phasianus versicolor   [60]
Carp (national fish) Cyprinus carpio   [61]
  Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba   [62][63]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata   [63]
  Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia   [64]
  Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo   [65]
  Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni   [66]
  Malta Pharaoh Hound (national animal) Canis lupus familiaris   [1]
  Moldova Aurochs (national animal) Bos primigenius   [67]
  Mauritius Dodo Raphus cucullatus   [10][68][69]
  Mexico Golden eagle (national animal) Aquila Chrysaetos   [70]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris   [70]
Jaguar (national mammal) Panthera onca   [70]
Grasshopper (national arthropod ) Sphenarium purpurascens   [70]
Vaquita (national marine mammal) Phocoena sinus   [70]
    Nepal Cow (national animal) Bos taurus indicus   [71]
Danphe (national bird) Lophophorus impejanus   [72]
  Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo   [73]
Black-tailed godwit (national bird) Limosa limosa   [74]
  New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp.   [75]
  North Korea Chollima Mythical   [76][77][78]
  Norway Lion (royal national animal) Panthera leo   [79]
White-throated dipper (national bird) Cinclus cinclus   [80]
Fjord horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [81]
  Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [82]
  Pakistan Markhor (National animal) Capra falconeri   [83]
Indus river dolphin (National aquatic mammal) Platanista indicus minor minor   [83]
Chukar (National bird) Alectoris chukar   [83]
Indus crocodile (National reptile) Crocodylus palustris   [83]
Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator   [84]
Snow leopard (National predator) Panthera uncia   [83]
  Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja   [10]
  Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon   [85]
  Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna   [86]
  Philippines Carabao (national animal) Bubalus bubalis   [87]
Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi   [88]
  Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla   [89][90]
White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia   [91]
European bison (national animal) Bison bonasus   [92][93]
  Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx   [94]
  Romania Lynx Lynx lynx   [95]
  Russia Eurasian brown bear Ursus arctos arctos   [96]
  Rwanda Leopard Panthera pardus   [97]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St Vincent parrot Amazona guildingii   [98]
  Serbia Wolf Canis lupus lupus   [99]
White eagle Mythical   [100]
Lynx Lynx lynx   [101]
  Somalia Leopard (national animal) Panthera pardus   [102]
  South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis   [103]
Blue crane (national bird)[103] Anthropoides paradiseus  
Galjoen (national fish)[103] Dichistius capensis  
  South Korea Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica   [104]
Korean magpie (national bird) Pica (pica) sericea   [104]
  Sri Lanka Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii   [105]
  Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis   [106][107][108]
  Thailand Elephant Elephas maximus   [109]
  Turkey Grey wolf Canis lupus   [110][111]
  United Arab Emirates Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [112]
Peregrine falcon (national bird) Falco peregrinus   [112]
  United Kingdom Lion (United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales) Panthera leo   [113][114]
Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog") Canis lupus familiaris   [115]
Red kite (Wales) Milvus milvus   [116]
Unicorn (Scotland) Mythical   [42][117][118][119][120]
Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon Wales) Mythical   [116][121]
  United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus   [122][123]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison   [124][125]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Fennec Fox: Algeria's National Animal". algeria.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  2. ^ "THE NATIONAL BIRD OF ANGOLA". BIRDS ANGOLA. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Atributos Nacionales: Anguila" [National Attributes: Anguilla] (in Spanish). CaribeInsider.com. 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Government of Antigua and Barbuda. "Official Website for the Government of Antigua and Barbuda". ab.gov.ag. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  5. ^ "Info about Hornero" (in Spanish). Redargentina.com. 24 September 2007. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  6. ^ Gregory, Herbert E. (1916). "Lonely Australia: The Unique Continent". National Geographic. National Geographic Society. XXX (6): 497. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Emu Bird, from Australian Outback to American ranches". emufacts.com. 
  8. ^ Emily Wither (11 November 2011). "Azerbaijan fights to protect horse from extinction". CNN. 
  9. ^ a b c "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "6 Extremely Rare National Animals". mentalfloss.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  11. ^ Stallings, Douglas (2006). Fodor's Caribbean Ports of Call 2007. New York: Random House. p. 204. ISBN 1-4000-1698-3. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "The National Symbols". Government of Belize. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  13. ^ "Heraldic emblem and motto - About Belgium - Portal Belgian Government". www.belgium.be. Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  14. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-3 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  15. ^ "Ten Unusual National Animals That Rival the Unicorn-5 of 10". Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  16. ^ "Brazil National Symbols". brazil.org.za. Retrieved 2017-01-05. 
  17. ^ "Forestry.gov.kh" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  18. ^ "National Emblems: The Beaver". Canadian Heritage. 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "Official Symbols of Canada". Canadian Heritage. 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "National Symbols of China". 123independenceday.com. 
  21. ^ "China National Symbols". worldatlast.com. 2015. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  22. ^ "China Considers Red-crowned Crane for National Bird". www.china.org.cn. 
  23. ^ "El cóndor, ave nacional - banrepcultural.org". 
  24. ^ "16 de diciembre: Declaración del yigüirro como ave nacional de Costa Rica". 
  25. ^ "El Venado Cola Blanca, Símbolo Nacional de la Fauna Silvestre". 
  26. ^ "Manatee Now Costa Rica’s New National Symbol". QCOSTARICA. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. 
  27. ^ Bousfield, Jonathan (2003). Croatia. Rough Guides. p. 72. ISBN 1843530848. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "Ten Unusual National Animals That Rival the Unicorn-8 of 10". smithsonianmag.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  29. ^ "National Symbols of Cuba". radioflorida.co.cu. Archived from the original on 2011-09-18. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  30. ^ "Cuba: General information - National symbols". dtcuba.com. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  31. ^ "Living National Treasures: Cyprus". Lntreasures.com. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  32. ^ "The State Symbols of the Czech Republic". Foreign Ministry of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 2015-03-21. 
  33. ^ a b "Nationalsymboler fra den danske plante- og dyreverden (Danish Ministry of the Environment)". naturstyrelsen.dk. Retrieved 2015-02-16. 
  34. ^ "Majestic steppe eagle photographed in India. They are the national animal of Egypt.". nationalgeographic.com. 
  35. ^ "National symbols of Estonia". 
  36. ^ "Ethiopia State Symbols, Song, Flag, and More". worldatlas.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  37. ^ "Karhu on Suomen kansalliseläin". yle.fi. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
  38. ^ "Laulujoutsen, kansallislintu". yle.fi. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
  39. ^ "Get an impression". visitfaroeislands.com/. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  40. ^ "Le coq". www.elysee.fr (in French). Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  41. ^ "German Symbols". www.worldatlas.com. Retrieved 2017-08-11. 
  42. ^ a b c d Humphreys, Patrick (15 Mar 1999). "Lion and Gazelle: The Mammals and Birds of Iran". I.B.Tauris, 1999. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  43. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-4 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  44. ^ "Greek Symbols". worldatlas. 
  45. ^ "Día del quetzal". conap.gob.gt. Retrieved 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  46. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-17. 
  47. ^ Leta McGaffey (1999). Honduras. Marshall Cavendish. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-7614-0955-7. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  48. ^ "Origins of Turul". Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  49. ^ "Icelandic Coat of Arms". Iceland Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  50. ^ "National Animal -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  51. ^ "National Bird -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  52. ^ "Significant symbols". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  53. ^ "National Aquatic Animal -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  54. ^ "Elephant declared National Heritage Animal in India". Breaking News Online (India). 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  55. ^ Goodwin, Harold J.; Kent, Ivan; Parker, Kim; Walpole, Matt (1998). Tourism, conservation, and sustainable development. London: International Institute for Environment and Development. p. 4. ISBN 1-904035-25-6. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  56. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-5 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  57. ^ "Iraq". worldatlas.com. 
  58. ^ "The National Goat". kurdistanica.com. 
  59. ^ "National Symbols of Jamaica". jis.gov.jm. Archived from the original on 2006-06-19. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  60. ^ "National Bird". Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  61. ^ "日本の「国魚」をご存知ですか?". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  62. ^ Corey (15 April 2011). "What is the national bird of Latvia?". 10,000 Birds. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  63. ^ a b "Symbols". Latvia.eu. 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  64. ^ "Lithuania". Understanding the European Union :Member States. Centre d'Information sur les Institutions Européennes (CIIE). Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  65. ^ "History of Macedonia". History of Macedonia. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  66. ^ DiPiazza, Francesca (2006). Malaysia in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8225-2674-2. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  67. ^ Minahan, James (2010). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems: Volume 1. Greenwood Press. p. 469. ISBN 978-0-313-34498-5. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  68. ^ "12 countries that have cooler national animals than the United States". globalpost.com. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  69. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-8 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  70. ^ a b c d e "Ten Unusual National Animals That Rival the Unicorn-3 of 10". Retrieved 2017-08-25. 
  71. ^ Shrestha, Nanda R. (2002). Nepal and Bangladesh: a global studies handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-57607-285-1. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  72. ^ "Galliforms and Pheasants". Archived from the original on 2007-01-12. 
  73. ^ "Dutch coat of arms and standard". Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  74. ^ "Grutto verkozen tot nationale vogel". Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  75. ^ "Teara.govt.nz". Teara.govt.nz. 2012-09-22. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  76. ^ Leftley, Nick. "6 Worst National Animals". Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  77. ^ "The National Animal Of North Korea Is A Chollima (Like a Pegasus)". Unreal Facts. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  78. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-6 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  79. ^ "Riksvåpenet er mer hellig enn flagget". www.aftenposten.no. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  80. ^ "Nasjonalfugl". www.snl.no. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  81. ^ "Fjordingene på Langedrag". www.langedrag.no. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  82. ^ "Oman Flag, Oman Map, Oman Culture : SphereInfo.com". www.sphereinfo.com. Retrieved 2015-05-30. 
  83. ^ a b c d e "National Symbols of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  84. ^ "National Symbols of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  85. ^ Hudson, Brydget E.T. (1981). "Interview and Aerial Survey Data in Relation to Resource Management of the Dugong in Manus Province, Papua New Guinea". Bulletin of Marine Science. University of Miami. 31 (3): 662–672. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  86. ^ "Ten Unusual National Animals That Rival the Unicorn-9 of 10". smithsonianmag.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  87. ^ Aquino, Dante M.; Persoon, Gerald A. (2013). "Tradition and Change: Beer Consumption in Northeast Luzon, Philippines". In Schiefenhovel, Wulf; Macbeth, Helen. Liquid Bread: Beer and Brewing in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Volume 7 of Anthropology of Food & Nutrition. Berghahn Books. p. 197. ISBN 9781782380344. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  88. ^ "Proclamation No. 615, s. 1995". gov.ph. Retrieved 2012-08-12. 
  89. ^ "Polish Birds Directory: White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)". birds.poland.pl. Archived from the original on 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  90. ^ "symbols of Poland: The White Eagle". buffalo.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-10-10. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  91. ^ "Poland salutes the white stork". thenews.pl. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  92. ^ Jon Eldridge. "Primeval Poland: where the bison roam". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  93. ^ "Poland". allaboutbison.com. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  94. ^ Tamra Orr (30 June 2008). Qatar. Marshall Cavendish. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-7614-2566-3. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  95. ^ "Animalul national - Rasul - Sapte simboluri nationale ale Romaniei mai putin cunoscute". 9AM. 
  96. ^ "Birobidjan, Russia Beaverton’s sister city since 1990". The City of Beaverton. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  97. ^ "Rwanda State Symbols, Song, Flag, and More". worldatlas.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  98. ^ "The National Bird:". foreign.gov.vc. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  99. ^ "СРПСКА НАРОДНА ИНТЕЛИГЕНЦИЈА". badnjak.com. 
  100. ^ James Minahan (23 December 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. pp. 525–. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. 
  101. ^ "Kathimerini - "The lynx is one of the most endangered wild species and is considered as a national symbol of the country"". Ekathimerini.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-30. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  102. ^ Minahan, James (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems: Volume 2. Greenwood Press. p. 908. ISBN 0313345007. 
  103. ^ a b c "South Africa's national symbols". SouthAfrica.info. Brand South Africa. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  104. ^ a b "South Korean Symbols". worldatlas. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  105. ^ "Sri Lanka National Bird". Government of Sri Lanka Official Web Portal. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. 
  106. ^ "National Symbols: National Animal". tanzania.go.tz. Tanzania Government Portal. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  107. ^ Foley, Charles; Foley, Lara; Lobora, Alex; De Luca, Daniela; Msuha, Maurus; Davenport, Tim R.B.; Durant, Sarah M. (8 June 2014). A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Tanzania. Princeton University Press. pp. 179–. ISBN 978-1-4008-5280-2. 
  108. ^ Knappert, Jan (1987). East Africa: Kenya, Tanzania & Uganda. New Delhi: Vikas Pub. p. 57. ISBN 0-7069-2822-9. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  109. ^ "The government gazette about National symbols of Thailand" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 118 (99D): 1. 11 December 2001. 
  110. ^ "National Animals of Countries [Photos] - Animals Zone". Animals Zone. 
  111. ^ "Turkey’s National Symbols – HolidayMate Turkey Holidays". holidaymate.com. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. 
  112. ^ a b "The UAE National Symbols...". TEACH United Arab Emirates. Jess Jumeira School. 2 (2). Nov–Dec 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-09. 
  113. ^ Garai, Jana (1973). The Book of Symbols. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-21773-9. 
  114. ^ "What images are associated with England?". projectbritain.com. Retrieved 2010-09-22. 
  115. ^ "The British Bulldog". Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  116. ^ a b "National symbols of Wales". visitwales.com. 
  117. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-2 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  118. ^ "Scottish fact of the week: Scotland’s official animal, the Unicorn". scotsman.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  119. ^ "The Mystical Unicorn Of Scotland". scottish-at-heart.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  120. ^ "Scotland’s National Animal Is A Unicorn". sunrealfacts.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  121. ^ "National Animals: The Legendary, Extinct and Imaginary-7 of 9". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  122. ^ Lawrence, E.A. (1990). "Symbol of a Nation: The Bald Eagle in American Culture". The Journal of American Culture. 13 (1): 63–69. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.1990.1301_63.x. 
  123. ^ "Symbols of U.S. Government: The Bald Eagle". Ben's Guide to U.S. Government For Kids. United States Government Printing Office. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  124. ^ A symbol of hope: US government designates bison as the national mammal
  125. ^ Obama Makes North American Bison National Mammal