List of national animals

This is a list of countries that have officially designated one or more animals as their "national animals".

National animalsEdit

Country Name of animal Scientific name (Latin name) Picture Ref.
  Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda   [1]
  Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus   [2]
  Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita   [3]
  Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama   [4]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens   [4]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata   [4]
  Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus   [5]
  Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus   [6]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae   [7]
  Azerbaijan Karabakh horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [8]
  Bahamas Blue Marlin (national fish) Makaira nigricans   [9]
Flamingo (national bird) Phoenicopterus ruber   [9]
  Bangladesh Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [10]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis   [10]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha   [10]
  Botswana Plains zebra Equus quagga   [11]
  Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii   [12][13]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus   [14]
  Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris   [15]
  Cambodia Kouprey (national mammal) Bos sauveli   [16]
Giant ibis (national bird) Pseudibis gigantea   [16]
Northern river terrapin (national reptile) Batagur baska   [16]
Giant barb (national fish) Catlocarpio siamensis   [16]
  Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis   [17][18]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [18]
  Chile Huemul (national animal) Hippocamelus bisulcus   [19]
Andean condor (national bird) Vultur gryphus  
  Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi   [20]
White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus   [21]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus   [22]
Three-toed sloth and Two-toed sloth Choloepus hoffmanni and Bradypus variegatus   [23]
  Croatia Pine marten Martes martes [24][25]
  Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus   [26][27]
  Denmark Red squirrel (national mammal) Sciurus vulgaris   [28]
Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor   [28]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae   [28]
  Dominican Republic Palmchat Dulus dominicus   [29]
  El Salvador Torogoz (national bird) Eumomota superciliosa   [30]
  Estonia Wolf (national mammal) Canis lupus   [31]
Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica   [32]
  Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus   [33]
  Finland Brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos   [34]
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus   [35]
Holly blue (national butterfly) Celastrina argiolus   [36]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis   [37]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata   [37]
  France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus   [38]
  Germany Federal Eagle (national coat of arms) Mythical   [39]
  Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno   [40]
  Guyana Jaguar Panthera onca   [41]
  Haiti Hispaniolan trogon Priotelus roseigaster   [42]
  Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus   [43]
  Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus   [44]
  India Tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris   [45]
Indian peafowl (national bird) Pavo cristatus   [46]
Ganges river dolphin (national aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica gangetica   [47]
Indian elephant (national heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus   [48]
  Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis   [49]
Javan hawk-eagle (national bird) Nisaetus bartelsi   [50]
Asian arowana (animal of charm) Scleropages aureus   [51]

  Iran

Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica [52]
Panthera pardus tulliana Panthera pardus saxicolor
Asiatic cheetah Acinonyx jubatus venaticus
  Israel Eurasian hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops   [53][54][55]
Palestine viper (national snake) Daboia palaestinae  
Canaan Dog (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris  
common black scorpion (national scorpion) Nebo hierichonticus  
  Italy Italian Wolf C. l. italicus   [56][57]
Italian sparrow (national bird) Passer italiae   [58]
  Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus   [59]
  Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba   [60][61]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata   [61]
  Lebanon Striped Hyena (national animal) Hyaena hyaena [62]
Phoenix (national bird) Mythical [63]
  Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia   [64]
  Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [65]
  Macau Black-faced spoonbill (national animal) Platalea minor   [66]
  Mexico Golden eagle (national animal) Aquila chrysaetos   [67]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris   [67]
Chapulin (national arthropod) Sphenarium purpurascens   [67]
Ocelot (national feline) Leopardus pardalis   [67]
Axolotl (national amphibian) Ambystoma mexicanum   [67]
  Morocco Barbary lion Panthera leo leo   [68]
    Nepal Cow (national animal) Bos taurus indicus   [69]
Danphe (national bird) Lophophorus impejanus   [70]
  Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo   [71]
Black-tailed godwit (national bird) Limosa limosa   [72]
  New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp.   [73]
  Nicaragua Guardabarranco (National bird) Eumomota superciliosa   [74]
  North Korea Chollima Mythical   [75][76][77]
  Norway Lion (royal national animal) Panthera leo   [78]
White-throated dipper (national bird) Cinclus cinclus   [79]
Fjord horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [80]
  Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [81]
  Pakistan Markhor (national animal) Capra falconeri   [82]
Indus river dolphin (national aquatic mammal) Platanista indicus minor   [82]
Chukar (national bird) Alectoris chukar   [82]
Mugger crocodile (national reptile) Crocodylus palustris   [82]
Shaheen falcon (heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator   [83]
Snow leopard (national predator) Panthera uncia   [82]
  Palestine Palestine sunbird (national bird) Cinnyris osea   [84]
  Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja   [12]
  Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon   [85]
  Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna   [86]
  Philippines Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi   [87]
  Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla   [88][89]
  Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx   [90]
  Romania Lynx Lynx lynx   [91]
  Russia Eurasian brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos arctos   [92]
Double-headed eagle (traditional coat of arms) Mythical   [93]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii   [94]
  Serbia Wolf Canis lupus lupus   [95]
White eagle Mythical   [96]
  Singapore Lion Panthera leo   [97]
  Sierra Leone Western chimpanzee Pan troglodytes verus   [98]
  Somalia Leopard Panthera pardus   [99]
  South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis   [100]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus   [100]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis   [100]
  Sri Lanka Grizzled giant squirrel (national animal) Ratufa macroura   [97]
Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii   [101]
  Sweden Eurasian elk (national animal) Alces alces   [68]
  Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis   [102][103][104]
  Thailand Elephant (national animal) Elephas maximus   [105]
Siamese fighting fish (national aquatic animal) Betta splendens   [106][107]
  Togo Lion Panthera leo   [68]
  Turkey Gray wolf (national animal) Canis lupus   [108]
Kangal Shepherd Dog (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris   [109][110][111]
Turkish Angora (national cat) Felis catus   [112]
  Tunisia Cream-colored courser Cursorius cursor   [113]
  United Arab Emirates Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [114]
Peregrine falcon (national bird) Falco peregrinus   [114]
  Uganda Grey crowned crane Balearica regulorum   [115]
  United Kingdom Bulldog Canis lupus familiaris   [116]
Lion (England) Panthera leo   [117][118]
Red kite (Wales) Milvus milvus   [119]
Unicorn (Scotland) Mythical   [52][120][121][122][123]
Y Ddraig Goch (The Red Dragon of Wales) Mythical   [119][124]
  United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus   [125][126]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison   [127][128]
  Venezuela Venezuelan troupial (national bird) Icterus icterus   [129][130]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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