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List of national animals


This is a list of national animals. As of 2009, a total of 231 national animal symbols exist globally. Of the 192 countries in the world:[1]

  • 142 (74%) have designated at least one national animal symbol;
  • 71 (37%) have more than one national animal symbol.

National animalsEdit

Country Name of animal Scientific name Pictures Ref.
  Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda   [2]
  Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus   [3]
  Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita   [4]
  Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama   [5]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens   [5]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata   [5]
  Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus   [6]
  Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus   [7]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae   [8]
  Austria Austrian Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical   [9]
Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica   [1]
  Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus   [10]
  Bangladesh Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [11]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis   [11]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha   [11]
  Belarus European bison Bison bonasus   [12]
  Belgium Leo Belgicus (heraldic "Belgic lion") Mythical   [13]
  Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii   [12][14]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus   [15]
  Bhutan Druk Mythical   [16]
Takin Budorcas taxicolor   [17]
  Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris   [18]
  Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli   [19]
  Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis   [20][21]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [21]
  China Chinese dragon (national animal) Mythical   [22]
Giant panda (national animal) Ailuropoda melanoleuca   [23]
Red-crowned crane (national bird) Grus japonensis   [24]
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni   [12]
  Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus   [25]
  Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi   [26]
White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus   [27]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus   [28]
  Croatia Pine marten Martes martes   [29][30]
  Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus   [31][32]
  Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis   [33]
  Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical   [34]
  Denmark Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor   [35]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae   [35]
  Egypt Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis   [36]
  Estonia Wolf Canis lupus [37]
  Eritrea Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius   [38]
  Ethiopia Lion Panthera leo   [39][40]
  Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus   [41]
  Finland Brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos   [42]
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus   [43]
Holly blue (national butterfly) Celastrina argiolus   [44]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis   [45]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata   [45]
  France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus   [46]
  Gabon black panther Panthera pardus   [47]
  Gambia Lion Panthera leo   [1]
  Germany Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical   [1][48]
  Greece Dolphin Delphinus   [49]
  Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno   [50]
  Haiti Hispaniolan Trogan Priotelus roseigaster   [51]
  Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus   [52]
  Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug) [53]  
  Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus   [54]
  India Royal Bengal tiger (National animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [55]
Indian peacock (National bird) Pavo cristatus   [56]
King cobra (National reptile) Ophiophagus hannah   [57]
Ganges river dolphin (National aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica gangetica   [58]
Indian elephant (National heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus   [59]
  Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis   [60]
Garuda (historic national animal) Mythical   [61]
  Iran Persian lion Panthera leo persica   [62]
  Iraq Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar   [63]
Goat
(  KRG)
Capra aegagrus   [64]
  Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops   [62]
  Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus   [65]
  Japan Green pheasant (national bird) Phasianus versicolor   [66]
Carp (national fish) Cyprinus carpio   [67]
  Kenya Lion Panthera leo   [39]
  Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba   [68][69]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata   [69]
  Libya Lion Panthera leo   [39]
  Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia   [70]
  Luxembourg Lion Panthera leo   [39]
  Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo   [71]
  Madagascar Zebu (in Malagasy heraldry) Bos primigenius indicus   [72]
Ring-tailed lemur (national animal) Lemur catta   [73]
  Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni   [74]
  Malta Pharaoh Hound (national animal) Canis lupus familiaris   [1]
  Moldova Aurochs (national animal) Bos primigenius   [75]
  Mauritius Dodo Raphus cucullatus   [12][76][77]
  Mexico Golden eagle (national animal) Aquila chrysaetos   [78]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris   [78]
Jaguar (national mammal) Panthera onca   [78]
Grasshopper (national arthropod ) Sphenarium purpurascens   [78]
Vaquita (national marine mammal) Phocoena sinus   [78]
  Morocco Lion Panthera leo   [1]
    Nepal Cow (national animal) Bos taurus indicus   [79]
Danphe (national bird) Lophophorus impejanus   [80]
  Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo   [81]
Black-tailed godwit (national bird) Limosa limosa   [82]
  New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp.   [83]
  North Korea Chollima Mythical   [84][85][86]
  Norway Lion (royal national animal) Panthera leo   [87]
White-throated dipper (national bird) Cinclus cinclus   [88]
Fjord horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [89]
  Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [90]
  Pakistan Markhor (National animal) Capra falconeri   [91]
Indus river dolphin (National aquatic mammal) Platanista indicus minor minor   [91]
Chukar (National bird) Alectoris chukar   [91]
Indus crocodile (National reptile) Crocodylus palustris   [91]
Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator   [92]
Snow leopard (National predator) Panthera uncia   [91]
  Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja   [12]
  Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon   [93]
  Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna   [94]
  Philippines Carabao (national animal) Bubalus bubalis   [95]
Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi   [96]
  Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla   [97][98]
White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia   [99]
European bison (national animal) Bison bonasus   [100][101]
  Portugal Cock of Barcelos Mythical   [102]
Iberian Wolf Canis lupus signatus   [102]
  Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx   [103]
  Romania Lynx Lynx lynx   [104]
  Russia Eurasian brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos arctos   [105]
Double-headed eagle (Traditional Coat of Arms) Mythical   [106]
  Rwanda Leopard Panthera pardus   [107]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii   [108]
  Serbia Wolf Canis lupus lupus   [109]
White eagle Mythical   [110]
Lynx Lynx lynx   [111]
  Sierra Leone Lion Panthera leo   [1]
  Singapore Lion Panthera leo   [39]
  Somalia Leopard Panthera pardus   [112]
  South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis   [113]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus   [113]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis   [113]
  South Korea Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica   [114]
Korean magpie (national bird) Pica (pica) sericea   [114]
  Spain Bull Bos taurus   [115]
  Sri Lanka Lion (national animal) Panthera leo   [39]
Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii   [116]
  Sweden Eurasian Elk/Moose (national animal) Alces alces   [1]
Eurasian blackbird (national bird) Turdus merula   [1][117]
  Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis   [118][119][120]
  Thailand Elephant Elephas maximus   [121]
  Togo Lion Panthera leo   [1]
  United Arab Emirates Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [122]
Peregrine falcon (national bird) Falco peregrinus   [122]
  United Kingdom Lion (United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales) Panthera leo   [123][124]
Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog") Canis lupus familiaris   [125]
Red kite (Wales) Milvus milvus   [126]
Unicorn (Scotland) Mythical   [62][127][128][129][130]
Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon Wales) Mythical   [126][131]
  United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus   [132][133]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison   [134][135]
  Zimbabwe Sable antelope (national animal) Hippotragus niger   [136]
African fish eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus vocifer   [136]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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