List of members of the Estonian Provincial Assembly

This is a list of members of the Provincial Assembly of Estonia. On 12 April 1917, a decree issued by the Provisional Government in Russia created the autonomous Governorate of Estonia with its own Governor and a Provincial Assembly (or Council; Maanõukogu, but commonly known as the Maapäev) to be composed of elected members. The elections took place on 5 June 1917, and the Assembly convened on 14 July. On 28 November, it declared its laws sovereign over Estonia and moved to create a Constituent Assembly; once that was established and its members elected, the Provisional Assembly ceased to exist and its session ended on 23 April 1919.[1][2][3]

OfficersEdit

Source: Jaan Toomla, Valitud ja Valitsenud: Eesti parlamentaarsete ja muude esinduskogude ning valitsuste isikkoosseis aastail 1917–1999 (National Library of Estonia, 1999), p. 22.

ChairmanEdit

14 July 1917 – 25 October 1917: Artur Vallner

25 October 1917 – 27 November 1918: Otto Strandman

27 November 1918 – 3 February 1919: Ado Birk

3 February 1919 – 23 April 1919: Karl Parts

First Assistant ChairmanEdit

27 July 1917 – 25 October 1917: Jaan Teemant

25 October 1917 – 27 November 1918: Jüri Jaakson

27 November 1918 – 3 February 1919: Karl August Baars

3 February 1919 – 23 April 1919: Julius Seljamaa

Second Assistant ChairmanEdit

27 July 1917 – 25 October 1917: Jüri Vilms

25 October 1917 – 27 November 1918: Nikolai Köstner

27 November 1918 – 3 February 1919: Karl Saral

3 February 1919 – 23 April 1919: Peeter Põld

Temporary SecretaryEdit

14 July 1917 – 27 July 1917: Ado Birk

14 July 1917 – 27 July 1917: Julius Seljamaa

SecretaryEdit

27 July 1917 – 25 October 1917: Mart Kiirats

25 October 1917 – 16 February 1918: Herman Kask

27 November 1918 – 23 April 1919: Karl Ast

Second Assistant SecretaryEdit

27 July 1917 – 25 October 1917: Rudolf Jaska

25 October 1917 – 27 November 1918: Hugo Raudsepp

27 November 1918 – 3 February 1919: Victor Neggo

3 February 1919 – 23 April 1919: Jüri Parik

Second Assistant SecretaryEdit

27 July 1917 – 25 October 1917: Herman Kask

25 October 1917 – 27 November 1918: Victor Neggo

27 November 1918 – 23 April 1919: Hugo Raudsepp

MembersEdit

Source: Jaan Toomla, Valitud ja Valitsenud: Eesti parlamentaarsete ja muude esinduskogude ning valitsuste isikkoosseis aastail 1917–1999 (National Library of Estonia, 1999), pp. 22–24.

Name Notes
Juhan Mihkel Ainson
Jaan Anvelt Expelled on 5 February 1919
Alma Anvelt-Ostra (also Oinas) From 20 November 1918, replacing Jaan Treial
Christjan Arro
Karl Ast (also Rumor)
Eduard Georg Aule Left office on 20 November 1918; succeeded by Jüri Parik
Karl August Baars
Ado Birk
Max Woldemar Gustav Ed. Bock
Aleksander Ennemuist
Karl Theodor Grau
Jüri Jaakson
Juhan Januson (also Jaanuson)
Rudolf Jaska
Peet Johanson
Juhan Kalm
Eduard Kansman (also Kansmann or Kansa)
Herman Kask Died in office on 16 February 1918 and replaced by Mart Meos
Mart Kiirats
August Kohver (also Koffer)
Ivan Koort
Hans Kruus
Juhan Kukk
Andres Kurrikoff
Juhan Kurvits
Timofei Kuusik
Hugo Jakob Kuusner Took office on 13 September 1917
Jaan Kärner
Nikolai Köstner
Juhan Lasn
Tiido Laur (also Lauri)
Anna Leetsmann Expelled on 5 February 1919
Juhan Lehman (also Lehmann or Leeman) Took office on 26 November 1918
Villem Maasik
Mihkel Martna Left office on 26 November 1918
Mart Meos Took office on 27.11.1918, replacing Herman Kask
Friedrich Volrad Mikkelsaar
Victor Neggo (also Neggu)
Aleksander Oinas Took office on 26 November 1918, replacing Hugo Karl Reiman
Aleksei Palm
Jüri Parik Took office on 26 November 1918, replacing Eduard Georg Aule
Karl Parts
Anton Piip
Aleksander Podrätšik
Peeter Siegfried Põld Took office on 26 November 1918
Konstantin Päts
Hans Pöhl
Hans Pöögelmann Expelled on 5 February 1919
Jaan Raamot
Hugo Raudsepp
Hugo Karl Ferdinand Reiman Left office on 26 November 1918; succeeded by Aleksander Oinas
Julius Eduard Reintam
Hans Riiberg (also Riiberk)
Hans Reinhold Roos
Karl Saral
Julius Seljamaa
Jaan Sihver Died on 28 November 1918; posthuously expelled on 5 February 1919
Otto August Strandman
Jaan Teemant
Jaan Treial Died in office on 11 January 1918; succeeded by Alma Anvelt-Ostra
Jaan Tõnisson
Artur Vallner (also Vainer) Expelled on 5 February 1919
Aleksander Veiler
Jüri Vilms Died in office on 13 April 1918
Karl Johannes Virma
Jaak Ümarik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Toivo Miljan, Historical Dictionary of Estonia (Scarecrow Press, 2004), pp. 15–16.
  2. ^ Jaan Toomla, Valitud ja Valitsenud: Eesti parlamentaarsete ja muude esinduskogude ning valitsuste isikkoosseis aastail 1917–1999 (National Library of Estonia, 1999), p. 22.
  3. ^ "Estonia: Early history", Country Studies (digital version of Walter R. Iwaskiw, Estonia: A Country Study (Library of Congress, 1995). Retrieved 21 February 2019.