List of governors-general of Brazil

This is a list of governors-general of Colonial Brazil (Portuguese: governadores-gerais). The office was created by D. João III in 1549. From 1640 onward, some governors-general held the title of viceroy (Portuguese: vice-rei). The office was the same, only the title was different in order to correspond to the dignity of the individual appointed to the office. From 1720, however, until the arrival of D. João VI, king of Portugal, in Rio de Janeiro, in 1808, all governors-general were viceroys.

ListEdit

Name Image Title Time in office Ref.
1 Tomé de Sousa   governor 7 July 1549

1 May 1553
[1][2][3][4]
2 Duarte da Costa   governor 1 May 1553

3 January 1558
[4][5]
3 Mem de Sá   governor 3 January 1558

2 March 1572
[4][6][7]
1572 - Division of Brazil into two governor-generalship, one in Bahia (north) and the other in Rio de Janeiro (south)
4 Luís de Brito e Almeida   governor
(in Bahia)
10 December 1572

12 April 1578
[8][9]
1578 - Reunification of the governor-generalship in Bahia
5 Lourenço da Veiga   governor-general 12 April 1578

17 June 1581
[10][11][12]
[13][14]
6 Manuel Teles Barreto   governor-general 11 May 1582

9 May 1587
[10][15]
[16][17]
7 Francisco de Sousa   governor-general 1592

1 April 1602
[18]
8 Diogo Botelho   governor-general 1 April 1602

1607
[8][19][20]
1608 - Division of Brazil into two governor-generalship, one in Bahia (north) and the other in Rio de Janeiro (south)
9 Diogo de Meneses   governor-general
(in Bahia)
1608

22 August 1612
[21][22]
1612 - Reunification of the governor-generalship in Bahia
10 Gaspar de Sousa   governor-general 1613

1 January 1617
[10][23]
[24][25]
11 Luís de Sousa

Count of Prado

  governor-general 1 January 1617

12 October 1621
1621 - State of Maranhão becomes autonomous (1621)
12 Diogo de Mendonça Furtado   governor-general 12 October 1621

26 July 1624
13 Francisco de Moura Rolim   governor-general 1625 - 1627
14 Diogo Luís de Oliveira   governor-general 1627

11 December 1635
15 Pedro da Silva
Count of São Lourenço
  governor-general 11 December 1635

23 January 1639
[26]
16 Fernando de Mascarenhas
Count of Torre
  governor-general 23 January 1639

1640
17 Jorge de Mascarenhas
Marquis of Montalvão
  1# viceroy 26 May 1640

16 April 1641
18 Antônio Teles da Silva   governor-general 1642

26 December 1647
19 António Teles de Meneses
Count of Vila Pouca de Aguiar
  governor-general 26 December 1647

10 March 1650
20 João Rodrigues de Vasconcelos e Sousa
Count of Castelo Melhor
  governor-general 10 March 1650

14 December 1654
21 Jerónimo de Ataíde
Count of Atouguia
  governor-general 14 December 1654

20 June 1657
22 Francisco Barreto de Meneses   governor-general 20 June 1657

21 July 1663
23 Vasco de Mascarenhas
Count of Óbidos
  2# viceroy 21 July 1663

13 June 1667
24 Alexandre de Sousa Freire   governor-general 13 July 1667

8 May 1671
25 Afonso Furtado de Castro de Mendonça
Viscount of Barbacena
  governor-general 8 May 1671

26 November 1675
26 Roque da Costa Barreto   governor-general 5 March 1678

23 May 1682
27 Antônio de Sousa Meneses   governor-general 23 May 1682

4 June 1684
28 António Luís de Sousa Telo de Meneses
Marquis of Minas
  governor-general 4 June 1684

4 June 1687
29 Matias da Cunha   governor-general 4 June 1687

24 October 1688
30 Antônio Luís Gonçalves da Câmara Coutinho   governor-general 8 October 1690

22 May 1694
31 João de Lencastre   governor-general 22 May 1694

3 July 1702
32 Rodrigo da Costa   governor-general 3 July 1702

8 September 1705
33 Luís César de Meneses   governor-general 8 September 1705

3 May 1710
34 Lourenço de Almada
Count of Avranches
  governor-general 3 May 1710

14 October 1711
35 Pedro de Vasconcelos e Sousa   governor-general 14 October 1711

14 October 1714
36 Pedro António de Meneses Noronha de Albuquerque
Marquis of Angeja
  3# viceroy 14 October 1714

11 June 1718
37 Sancho de Faro e Sousa
Count of Vimieiro
  governor-general 21 August 1718

13 October 1719
38 Vasco Fernandes César de Meneses
Count of Sabugosa
  4# viceroy 23 November 1720

11 May 1735
39 André de Melo e Castro
Count of Galveias
  5# viceroy 11 May 1735

17 December 1749
40 Luís Pedro Peregrino de Carvalho e Ataíde
Count of Atouguia
  6# viceroy 17 December 1749

17 August 1754
41 Marcos José de Noronha e Brito
Count of Arcos
  7# viceroy 23 December 1755

9 January 1760
42 António de Almeida Soares Portugal
Marquis of Lavradio
  8# viceroy 9 January 1760

4 July 1760
43 Antônio Álvares da Cunha
Count of Cunha
  9# viceroy 27 June 1763

31 August 1767
44 Antônio Rolim de Moura Tavares
Count of Azambuja
  10# viceroy 17 November 1767

4 November 1769
[27][28]
45 Luís de Almeida Portugal Soares Mascarenhas
Marquis of Lavradio and Count of Avintes
  11# viceroy 4 November 1769

30 April 1778
[29]
1775 - Reunification of the State of Brazil
46 Luís de Vasconcelos e Sousa
Count of Figueiró
  12# viceroy 30 April 1778

9 May 1790
[30][31][32]
47 José Luís de Castro
Count of Resende
  13# viceroy 4 June 1790

14 October 1801
[33]
48 Fernando José de Portugal e Castro
Marquis of Aguiar
  14# viceroy 14 October 1801

14 October 1806
49 Marcos de Noronha e Brito
Count of Arcos
  15# viceroy 14 October 1806

22 January 1808

See alsoEdit

More lists of office-holders of BrazilEdit

ReferencesEdit

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