List of convicts on the First Fleet

The First Fleet is the name given to the group of eleven ships carrying convicts, the first to do so, that left England in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. The ships departed with an estimated 775 convicts (582 men and 193 women), as well as officers, marines, their wives and children, and provisions and agricultural implements. After 43 convicts had died during the eight-month trip, 732 landed at Sydney Cove.[1]

The First Fleet convicts are named on stone tablets in the Memorial Garden, Wallabadah, New South Wales.

In 2005, the First Fleet Garden, a memorial to the First Fleet immigrants, friends and others was created on the banks of Quirindi Creek at Wallabadah, New South Wales. Stonemason Ray Collins researched and then carved the names of all those who came out to Australia on the eleven ships in 1788 on tablets along the garden pathways. The stories of those who arrived on the ships, their life, and first encounters with the Australian country are presented throughout the garden.[2]

No single definitive list of people who travelled on those ships exists; however, historians have pieced together as much data about these pioneers as possible. In the late 1980s, a simple software program with a database of convicts became available for Australian school students, both as a history and an information technology learning guide. An on-line version is now hosted by the University of Wollongong.[3]

Digitised images of the lists from the Orders in Council for the First Fleet are available on the Convict Indents Index.[4]

The six ships that transported the First Fleet convicts were:

List of ConvictsEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Robert Bails c. 1766 Reading 28 February 1785 Death commuted to 14 For more information see here Alexander
Martha Baker c. 1762 London 30 August 1786 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Baker c. 1764 Exeter 10 January 1786 7 Baker was convicted at Exeter for an unrecorded crime which resulted in him receiving 7 years transportation.[6] A report from the Dunkirk Hulk described Thomas as "troublesome at times."[7] Baker died between 1788 and September 1792. Charlotte
James Balding c. 1755 London 12 January 1785 Death commuted to 7 a.k.a. William and Baldwin Scarborough
Ruth Baldwin c. 1762 London 25 October 1786 7 alias Bowyer. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing three table spoons (20s) and two silver dessert spoons (10s).[8] Prince of Wales
John Ball c. 1736 Exeter 20 March 1786 7 Charlotte
George Bannister c. 1768 London 21 April 1784 7 About 16 years old when convicted. Tried at the Old Bailey (with George Robinson and John Monroe alias Nurse) for stealing one marcella petticoat (8s), one child's dimity cloak (3s), one linen gown (1s 6d) and one pair of cotton stockings (6d) on 21 April 1784.[9] Alexander
Elizabeth Barber Became wife of Thomas Brown
Charlotte
Friendship
John Barferd c. 1767 London 14 December 1785 7 aka Barford. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Cropper) of stealing one hair trunk (12d), four silk gowns (40s), one silk apron (2s), six linen ruffled shirts (30s), one plain linen ditto (3s), six stocks (6s), a silk cloak trimmed with fur (5s), two linen gowns (20s), one petticoat (4s), six children's night-gowns (5s), a yard of printed cotton (12d) two linen table-cloths (10s), one child's linen clout (12d), one silk petticoat (5s), a counterpane (10s), six pillow-cases (12d), a pair of stays (4s), one box iron (12d), a pair of steel snuffers (12d), a snuffer-stand (6d), a blanket (6d), six yards of silk ribbon (12d), one gauze cap (1d).[10] Alexander
George Barland c. 1767 London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with James Burleigh) for stealing one cloth great coat (20s).[11] Scarborough
Stephen Barnes c. 1765 York 9 July 1785 7 For more information see here Alexander
Henry Barnett c. 1744 Warwick 21 March 1785 Death commuted to 7 aka Barnard, alias Burton Alexander
Daniel Barret c. 1757 Winchester 29 July 1783 7 aka Barrett, Barnett, Barney Friendship
Thomas Barrett c. 1758 London 11 September 1782 Life Barrett was convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one silver watch (£3), one steel chain (3s), one stone seal (6d), one metal watch key (1d), one hook (1d), two shirts (8s), one shift (1s).[12] His sentence was commuted from death to transportation to America for life.[13] In March 1784, Thomas was sent aboard the Mercury bound for Nova Scotia. Barrett was a ringleader in the Mercury Mutiny in April 1784. He was recaptured and sentenced to death, but since he had intervened to save the steward's life and prevented injury to the Captain, he was reprieved and given transportation for life.[14] On the voyage to New South Wales, Barrett was involved in passing counterfeit coin made from some pewter spoons and old buttons and buckles belonging to marines at Rio de Janeiro.[15] John White asked Barrett to make a memento of the trip, and Barrett fashioned a medal out of a silver kidney dish. The Charlotte Medal (the first work of Australian Colonial art) was sold at auction to the Australian National Maritime Museum in 2008 for one million dollars. In February 1788 Barrett was hanged for stealing beef and peas. He was the first man executed by hanging in New South Wales. Charlotte
John Barry c. 1768 Bristol 23 November 1785 7 About 17-18 yrs old when convicted. Friendship
George Barsby Winchester 1 March 1785 Death commuted to life Scarborough
Samuel Barsby c. 1764 Exeter 20 March 1786 Death commuted to 7 Charlotte
James Bartlett Winchester 1 March 1785 7 Pardoned & released before 1st fleet departed
John Basely Charlotte
Elizabeth Bason c. 1757 Salisbury 24 July 1784 Death commuted to 7 Became wife of James Heatherly, crew of Sirius Charlotte
Oten Batley Exeter 7 Charlotte
Walter Batley c. 1760 London 29 October 1783 7 aka Walton. Alias John Rous/Rouse/Rowse. Became husband of Martha Baker. Friendship
James Bayley New Sarum 7 Charlotte
John Bazley Exeter 7
Ann Beardsley Derby 5 Friendship
then from Rio
Charlotte
Elizabeth Beckford London 7 Lady Penrhyn
William Bell London 7 Scarborough
Sarah Bellamy Worcester 9 July 1785 7 married James Bloodsworth Lady Penrhyn
Jacob Bellet London 7 Scarborough
Samuel Benear London 7
John Best London 7 Friendship
Elizabeth Bingham London alias MOORING
Elizabeth Bird Maidstone 7 alias WINIFRED
James Bird Croydon 7
Samuel Bird Croydon 7
Joseph Bishop London 10 December 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing five silk handkerchiefs (12s), a cotton handkerchief (2s), one linen handkerchief (12d).[16] Friendship
John Baughan Oxford 7 aka Baughn, Bingham, Boughan, Bunham. Alias Baffen, Boffin, Buffin Friendship
William Blackhall Abingdon 7
Francis Blake London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing nine linen shirts (18s), two pair of silk stockings (4s), four handkerchiefs (2s), two pair of ruffles (12d), eight oz. weight of chocolate (2d) and six muslin neckcloths (20s).[17] Total value 39s. The prosecution was led by William Garrow.
Susannah Blanchett Kingston 7
William Blatherhorn Exeter/London 10 September 1783 Death commuted Life aka Beans, Fisher. Originally convicted in the Old Bailey for stealing six yards of printed cotton (12s), five yards of other printed cotton (14s), twelve cotton handkerchiefs (24s), he was sentenced to be transported for 7 years on 26 February 1783.[18] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[19] Charlotte
James Bloodsworth 7 March 1759 Kingstone 3 October 1785 7 aka Bloedworth, Bloodworth. Bloodsworth was sentenced to 7 years for the theft of one game cock and two hens. After his sentence was served, Bloodsworth was a master bricklayer and builder responsible for the construction of most of the buildings in the colony of New South Wales between 1788 and 1800. He was offered rehabilitation to England, but he refused. In 1803 when offered a choice of employment at Port Phillip or the Derwent he again refused, preferring to remain in Sydney. He died from pneumonia in 1804. Charlotte
William Blunt London 10 December 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey alongside a man named John Berryman for breaking and entering a dwelling house with intent to burglariously steal goods, chattels and monies.[20] During the trial Blunt mentions that he is a coachman by trade and his father, also named William, is among those giving him a reference to good character. Originally both were sentenced to death. However, this was later overturned to seven years transportation for both those convicted.[21]
William Boggis c. 1767 Kingston upon Thames 24 Mar 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
Mary Bolton Shrewsbury 12 Mar 1785 To be hanged. Commuted to 7 years transportation aka Mary Boulton. She became the wife of Samuel Day. Lady Penrhyn
Jane Bonner London 18 April 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one black silk cloak (21s).[22]
Peter Bond London 15 September 1784 7 Although a transcript of Bond's trial does not exist, the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries note that he was tried there on 15 September 1784 and sentenced to seven years transportation.[23]
William Bond Exeter 7 Charlotte
Rebecca Boulton Lincoln 7 aka Bolton. Had been in prison for 4 years before the fleet sailed. Considered both mentally ill and in poor physical condition.[24] Prince of Wales
John Boyle London 21 April 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of fraud. Boyle, a seaman of the Royal Navy adopted the name of his former fellow seaman John Frazier upon returning home in order to obtain his wages. Upon the Navy Clerk stating that Frazier was listed as dead in the Americas, Boyle persisted to adopt several other identities in order to obtain wages that were not his. His story was disproved by three of his former shipmates present at the trial. Boyle had served with Frazier on board H.M.S. Marlborough and finally on board H.M.S. L'Hector, a captured French vessel.[25] Originally sentenced to death, this sentence was commuted to seven years transportation on 23 February 1785.[26]
William Bradbury London 10 September 1783 7 Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing a Bank post-bill, for £20 a bank-note for £10 another note for £5 5s the said notes being the property of John Baring and Company on 3 July 1782.[27] He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. The King, however, thought fit to extend his mercy upon them and commute their sentences to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.[19]
John Bradford Exeter 7 Charlotte
James Bradley London 7
Curtis Brand Maidstone 7 alias Bryn Friendship
Lucy Brand London 19 July 1786 7 alias Wood. Previously convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by pickpocketing one piece of silver coin, called half a crown, and five shillings and sixpence on 11 May 1785 for which she was sentenced to privately whipped and imprisoned for one year.[28] She was convicted and sentenced to seven years transportation at the Old Bailey approximately fourteen months later for stealing one gold ring (5s), three guineas (£3 3s) and two pieces of base metal (2d).[29]
Mary Branham London 23 February 1785 7 Although a transcription of Branham's trial at the Old Bailey is not listed, her sentence is listed in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries for 23 February 1785.[30]
James Brannegan Exeter 7 aka Branagan Charlotte
William Brewer Exeter 7 Charlotte
William Brice Bristol 7
John Brindley Warwick 7
Mary Broad Exeter 7 aka Braund or Brand. Pregnant when boarded ship and a daughter was born on voyage. Broad became the wife of William Bryant and they had a son. She and a group a convicts managed to escape the colony and returned to England. Charlotte
William Brough Stafford 7
James Brown Hertford 7
Richard Brown Reading 7
Thomas Brown London 30 April 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Joseph Dunnage) for stealing one chariot glass door (22s).[31]
Thomas Brown c. 1762 Exeter 29 Oct 1783 7 Became husband of Elizabeth Barber Charlotte
William Brown Southwark 7
William Brown Exeter 7 died at sea, 19 September 1787 Charlotte
Elizabeth Bruce London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth Anderson) of stealing three linen table-cloths (15s) and two aprons (5s).[32]
Robert Bruce Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Bryant Exeter 7 Charlotte
Michael Bryant London 10 December 1783 14 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one black cloth coat (5s), one striped silk waistcoat (2s 6d), one velvet waistcoat (2s 6d), one pair of cloth breeches (2s 6d), one pair of fustain breeches (2s 6d), one hat (1s), one handkerchief (9d), and three pair of stockings (1s 6d).[33] Friendship
Thomas Bryant Maidstone 7
William Bryant Launceston 7 Charlotte
Joseph Buckley c. 1748 Dorchester 16 March 1786 7 For more information see here Charlotte
John Bufley
Margaret Bunn c. 1762 London 26 April 1786 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Sarah Burdo c. 1764 London 25 October 1786. 7 aka Burdoe/Bordeaux. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Rebecca Davidson) of stealing three guineas (£3 3s) and one half guinea (10s 6d). Burdo was alluded to being a prostitute during the trial.[34] Her occupation was listed as dressmaker.[35] She died in 1834 in Sydney, NSW. Lady Penrhyn
Mary Burkitt c. 1757 London 30 August 1786 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
James Burleigh London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with George Barland) for stealing one cloth great coat (20s).[11]
Patrick Burn
Peter Burn London 10 September 1783 7 No mention of Peter Burn, but a Peter Bourne was tried at the Old Bailey for stealing one large wooden cask bound with iron hoops (10s), and thirty-six gallons of porter (30s).[36]
Simon Burn
James Burne London 21 April 1784 Death commuted to 7 Originally sentenced to death at the Old Bailey for assault and stealing by highway robbery one black silk bonnet (4s), and one silver hat pin (4d) on 25 February 1784.[37] His sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation on 21 April 1784.[38]
Samuel Burridge Dorchester 7 Charlotte
William Butler London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Andrew Goodwin) of stealing 200lbs of lead (20s).[39]

CEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Caesar c. 1763 Maidstone 7 The first Australian bushranger and one of the first people of recent African descent to arrive in Australia. Alexander
James Campbell London Death commuted to 7 alias George Campbell. Convicted of highway robbery in 1784. Death sentence commuted to transportation for 7 years.[40] Scarborough
James Campbell Guildford 7
Ann Carey Taunton 7 Charlotte
Mary Carroll c. 1751 London 25 Oct 1786 7 Carroll married John Nicholls in Sydney March 1788. Lived with William Thompson on Norfolk Island. Lady Penrhyn
Richard Carter Shrewsbury alias Cartwright
John Carney Exeter 7
Francis Carty Bodmin 7
Joseph Carver Maidstone 7
James Castle London 7
William Chaaf Exeter 7 Charlotte
Thomas Chaddick London 7
Edward Chanin Exeter 7 Died at sea on 8 Jan 1788 Charlotte
William Chields
Samuel Chinery Exeter 7 Charlotte
William Church Dorchester 7 Charlotte
Elizabeth Clark
John Clark London 7 alias Hosier. Died at sea on 6 Jun 1787. Charlotte
William Clark London 7
John Clarke Exeter 7
George Clear
Mary Cleaver Bristol 7 Son, James, born on voyage in 1787. Charlotte
Thomas Clements London 7
Richard Clough Durham 7
John Coffin Exeter 7 Charlotte
Elizabeth Cole 1758 Exeter 20 Mar 1786 7 For more information see here Charlotte
Elizabeth Cole London 7
William Cole London 7
Elizabeth Colley London 14
Richard Collier Kingstone 7
Joseph Colling London 7
Ishmael Colman Dorchester 7 Died at sea on 29 May 1787 Charlotte
Ann Colpitts Durham 7
Ann Coombes c. 1760 Taunton, Somerset 30 Mar 1786 7 Became wife of John Bryant. Lived with James Bryan Cullen. Charlotte
Cornelius Conelly Exeter 7
William Connelly Bristol 7
William Connolly Bodmin 7
COOK, ? London 7
Mary Cooper Worcester 7
James Copp Exeter 7 Charlotte
James Corden Warwick 7
Edward Cormick Hertford 7
James Cox Charlotte
John Matthew Cox London 7 July 1784 7 aka Banbury Jack. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Pontie) of stealing thirteen yards of lace (£5).[41] He alluded to being a sailor during his trial. Originally sentenced to death, overturned to transportation for life on 23 February 1785.[42]
Taylor Crabtree New Sarum 7
John Creamer Exeter 7 Charlotte
Jane Creek London 1785 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
John Cropper London 14 Dec 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Barferd) of stealing one hair trunk (12d), four silk gowns (40s), one silk apron (2s), six linen ruffled shirts (30s), one plain linen ditto (3s), six stocks (6s), a silk cloak trimmed with fur (5s), two linen gowns (20s), one petticoat (4s), six children's night-gowns (5s), a yard of printed cotton (12d) two linen table-cloths (10s), one child's linen clout (12d), one silk petticoat (5s), a counterpane (10s), six pillow-cases (12d) a pair of stays (4s), one box iron (12d), a pair of steel snuffers (12d) a snuffer-stand (6d), a blanket (6d), six yards of silk ribbon (12d), one gauze cap (1d).[10]
William Cross Coventry 7
Thomas Restell Crowder c. 1758 London 4 Dec 1782 Death commuted to Life aka Thomas Ristol Crowder. Became husband of Sarah Davies. Alexander
William Cuckow
Jacob Cudlip Bodmin 7 alias Norris
James Bryan Cullen c. 1742 London 6 Apr 1785 7 Lived with Ann Coombes. Scarborough
John Cullyhorn Exeter 7
Edward Cunningham London 7
John Cuss New Sarum 7 alias Hunsboy Charlotte

DEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Richard Day Reading 7
Edward Davies Stafford 7
Samuel Day Gloucester 23 March 1785 To be hanged. Commuted to 14 years transportation. Married Mary Bolton/Boulton 2 Nov 1788, who was incorrectly recorded as Mary Bishop. There was no Mary Bishop in the First Fleet. However, Mary Davies/Davis formed a liaison with Thomas Bishop, Marine, prior to this marriage. As both she and Bolton were tried at the same place, on the same day, received identical sentences for similar crimes and travelled on the same ship, this mis-identification is the only logical explanation for a marriage characterised by Mollie Gillen as a "considerable complication" and a "mystery" Alexander
Samuel Davis Glocester 7
William Davis
James Davis London 8 Dec 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
Daniel Daniels London 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing from Joseph Solomons on 21 May 1784 one copper pot with a copper cover (4s), one pewter dish (6d), one pewter porringer (3d), and one pair of shoes (6d).[43] Daniels received 32 lashes for theft of flour in May 1791.[44][45]
Richard Dick[citation needed] London 7
John Davidson London Death commuted to 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of burglary from Jane Box; one black bombazeen gown and petticoat (5s), one silk cloak (6s), one shift body (3d), four pair of linen sleeves (1s), two linen aprons (2s), two check aprons (6d), three laced caps (3s), one silver tea spoon, (1s), one muslin shawl (1s), one silk handkerchief (3s), one black silk apron (1s). Stealing from James Barkley; one linen stock (6d), two linen table cloths (10s), one silver table spoon (4s), one cotton bed gown (1s), one shaul (1s), and one linen apron (1s). Stealing from Eleanor Clegg, (with Benjamin Barlow, aged ten years, and Daniel Love, both acquitted) two linen aprons (6d) on 25 February 1784.[46][47] The sentence of death was commuted to 7 years transportation on 23 February 1785.[48] Scarborough
William Davis Brecon Life
Richard Davis
Ann Daley Nether Knutsfo 7 Mrs Gore Daley
Margaret Darnell London 7
Ann Davis London 7
Elizabeth Dalton London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Rebecca Davidson London 7 Mrs Robert Davidson was convicted at the Old Bailey (with Sarah Burdo) of stealing three guineas (£3 3s) and one half guinea (10s 6d).[34]
Margaret Dawson c. 1770 London 7 De facto relationship with William Balmain. Lady Penhryn
Frances Davis Chelmsford 14
Sarah Davies Worcester 7 aka DAVIS. Became wife of Thomas Crowder. Lady Penrhyn
Mary Davies c. 1752 Shrewsbury 12 Mar 1785 To be hanged: commuted to 7 years transportation. aka Davis. Became wife of Thomas Bishop (FF Marine)[49] Lady Penrhyn
Michael Dennison Poole 7
Barnaby Denison Bristol 7
Patrick Delany
Thomas Dickson Durham 7 alias Ralph RAW
Timothy Discall Bodmin 7
Mary Dixon London 7
Mary Dickenson Southwark 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
William Douglas Lincoln 7
Ferdinand Dowland London 7
James Dodding aka DORING
William Dring Kingston upon 7
Joseph Dunnage London 7 years commuted to Life Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Thomas Brown) for stealing one chariot glass door (22s) on 30 April 1783 to seven years' transportation.[31] This sentence was later commuted to transportation for life on 21 April 1784 for reasons currently undiscovered.[38]
Elizabeth Dudgens London 7 aka Dudgeon. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Susannah Garth) for stealing by pickpocketing nine guineas, value £9 9s and one half-guinea, value 10s and 6 pence in monies on 10 September 1783. Friendship

then from Cape
Charlotte

Jane Dundass London 7
Ann Dutton London 7
Leonard Deyer Southwark 7
Mary Dykes London 7

EEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Eggleton Kingston 7 aka Eagleton, alias Bones, married Mary Dickenson on the 17th February 1788, Mary died in 1799 leaving Bones with 3 daughters to raise. Alexander
William Earle New Sarum 7
Rachel Early Reading 7 for stealing ribbon, tobacco and sugar valued at 3 shillings transported on the Friendship
Martha Eaton
Mary Eaton alias Shepherd
Thomas Eccles Guildford Life
William Edmunds Monmouth 7
William Edwards Westminster 7
George Eggleston Maidstone 7
Deborah Elam Chester 7
Peter Ellam Ormskirk 7
Joseph Elliot Croydon 7
William Elliot Croydon 7
Nicholas English London 7
Elizabeth Evans London 7
William Evans Shrewsbury 7
John Everett Hertford 7
Matthew Everingham London 7 Shortly before his conviction he was employed as a 'servant' by an attorney of the Middle Temple, hence the subsequent references to him as 'attorney's clerk'. Allegedly 'in great distress' he had obtained two books by false pretences from the servant of another attorney, and these he had offered for sale. Later married Elizabeth Rymes of London who arrived on the Neptune 1790. Scarborough

FEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Farley Bristol 7
Ann Farmer London
Phillip Farrell London 7
Benjamin Fentum London 7
John Ferguson Exeter 7 Charlotte
Thomas Fillesey Bristol 7
Jane Fitzgerald London 7 alias Phillips Charlotte
William Field
John Finlow alias Hervey
Jane Field London
Elizabeth Fitzgerald London 7
Edward Flyn
Phebe Flarty London 7 Flarty and Ann Parsley were convicted for stealing three muslin shawls (30s) from Robert Hincksman in Holborn.
Francis Fowkes London 7
Robert Forrester London 7[50]
William Foyle New Sarum 7 Charlotte
Ann Fowles London 16 April 1785 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Margaret Fownes Shrewsbury 7 Lady Penrith
Ann Forbes Kingston 29 April 1787 7 Tried on the 29th day of April 1787. - Ten yards of printed cotton of the value of 20 shillings, of the goods and chattles of James Rollinson in the shop of said James Rollinson, feloniously did steal take and carry away. Guilty, no chattels to be hanged - Reprieved, Transported 7 years. Sent 30 April 1787. Shipped on the Prince of Wales. Prince of Wales
James Freeman Hertford 7
Robert Freeman London 7
William Francis London 7
George Francisco London 8 December 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing three linen shirts (3s), one pair of stockings (6d), and four guineas (£4 4s). Claimed to have been formerly in a French prison for three years and that he had served in some naval capacity.[51]
George Fry 7
Catherine Fryer alias Prior
William Fraser Manchester 7 aka Frazer Charlotte
Ellen Fraser Manchester 7
John Fuller Manchester 7

GEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Francis Gardner London 7
Edward Garth London 7
Francis Garland Exeter 7 Charlotte
Susannah Garth London 10 September 1783 7 aka Grath. Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Elizabeth Dudgens) for stealing by pickpocketing nine guineas (£9 9s) and one half-guinea (10s 6d). On Friendship and from Rio on Charlotte. Friendship and Charlotte
Mary Gabel Southwark 7 Lady Penrhyn
Olive/Olivia Gascoygne Worcester 7 Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Gearing Oxford Life
George Gess Gloucester 7
Anne George London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Glenton Northallerton 7
William Gloster London 7
Daniel Gordon Winchester 7
Edward Goodwin London 7
Andrew Goodwin London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with William Butler) of stealing 200lbs of lead (20s).[39]
John Gould Exeter 7 Charlotte
Charles Gray Southwark 7
Samuel Griffiths Gloucester alias Briscow
Nicholas Greenwell London 7
John Green Reading 7
Thomas Griffiths London 7
Charles Granger Plymouth 7
James Grace
Hannah Green On Friendship then from Rio on board Charlotte Friendship and Charlotte
Mary Groves Lincoln 7
Mary Green London 7
Ann Green London 7
Mary Greenwood London 7
William Gunter Bristol 7

HEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Hadon c. 1756 Exeter 7 For more information see here Charlotte
Richard Hagley c. 1743 Winchester 2 March 1784 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Scarborough
Joseph Haines Gloucester 7
Elizabeth Hall Newcastle 7
John Hall Exeter 7 Charlotte
Joseph Hall Exeter Life Charlotte
Margaret Hall
Samuel Hall London 7
Sarah Hall London 17 January 1787 7 alias Hammond. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing two gowns (14s), a bed gown (6d) pence, a shirt (4d), a sheet (18d), two waistcoats (2s 6d), two aprons (5s), a cloak (6d), five handkerchiefs (18d), and three pair of stockings (18d). Lady Penrhyn
Maria Hamilton London 19 October 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen gown (21s), nine yards and a half of linen trimming (2ss 3d), one silk and cotton gown (6s), one black stuff flounced petticoat (6s), one apron (12d), one black silk bonnet (12d) and 9s 6d in money (Guilty of stealing 39s total).
William Hamlin Exeter 7 aka Hamlyn Charlotte
John Handford Winchester 7
Dorothy Handland London 22 February 1786 7 alias Gray. Convicted at the Old Bailey of perjury in her evidence given at the trial of William Till at the Old Bailey in December 1785.
Cooper Handy
Joseph Harbine London 7
Joshua Harper London 7
William Harris Maidstone 7
John Harris London Life Scarborough
Joseph Harrison London 7
Mary Harrison Lincoln 7
Mary Harrison London 19 October 1785 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey (with Charlotte Springmore) for willfully destroying and defacing one cloth cotton gown (10s) of Susannah Edhouse, and for "making an assault on her". Harrison was said to be a prostitute during the trial.
Frances Hart Friendship and Charlotte
John Hart London 12 January 1785 7 For more information see here
Catherine Hart London 8 December 1784 7 Convicted of stealing three gowns (20s), a silk petticoat (3s), a dimity petticoat (3s), five shirts (20s), four shirts (8s) and 3 bonnets (3s). The total value was 49s. The court argued that if the items stolen were above 40s then the sentence would be death. The prosecutor claimed they were worth 30s in order to save the life of Hart.
John Hart Stafford 7
John Hartley Oxford 7
Ester Harwood London 30 October 1786 7 aka Howard. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one silver watch (20s), two iron keys (1s), one half guinea and two shillings in money.
John Hatch Reading 7
John Hatcher Winchester 7
William Hatfield Maidstone 7
Henry Hathaway Gloucester 7
Joseph Hatton York 24 July 1784 7 years Convicted at York Summer Assizes for Grand Larceny. Breaking and entering house on 9 April and then shop of Benjamin Clay on 13th, stealing material, ribbons and handkerchiefs. Scarborough
Thomas Hawell Stafford 7
Dennis Hayes London 8 December 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of highway robbery with a knife.
John Hayes Guildford 7
John Haydon Charlotte
William Ha?es
William Haynes
George Hayton London 7 aka Clayton
Elizabeth Hayward London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a linen gown (4s), a silk bonnet (2s) and a bath cloak (1s).
Richard Head Reading 7
James Heading Chelmsford Life
Thomas Headington Abingdon 7
Catherine Henry London 10 January 1787 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing three muslin shawls (50s).
Jane Herbert London 30 August 1786 7 alias Rose, also known as Jenny Russell. Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one promisory note (£20). Prince of Wales
John Herbert London 21 April 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a silk handkerchief (1s). Scarborough
John Herbert Exeter 7
Elizabeth Hervey Friendship and Charlotte
John Hill Maidstone Life
John Hill London 26 May 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one linen handkerchief (6s).
Mary Hill London 25 October 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing by highway robbery a gilt watch in an enamel case (£3), a blue watch ribbon (1d), a gold seal (20s) and a gold key (5s). Suggested to be a prostitute during her trial.
Thomas Hill London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing one pair of linen sheets (10s), one cotton gown (7s), one check linen apron (12d), one cloth cloak (6d).
Thomas Hill 7
William Hilt Exeter Life
William Hindley Ormskirk 7 alias Platt
Ottiwell Hindle Preston 7
Elizabeth Hipsley London 7
William Hogg London 21 April 1784 14 Convicted at the Old Bailey of Deception and Forgery by unlawfully stamping certain wares, with a certain mark and stamp in imitation of, and to resemble the said mark and stamp of the Lion and unlawfully, wilfully, and knowingly had, and were possessed of a certain mark and stamp, that was made to resemble the said mark and stamp (that of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths).
William Holland Exeter 7
Job Hollister Bristol 7
Elizabeth Hollogin London 7
James Holloway London 20 October 1784 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey a silk handkerchief (3s).
Susannah Holmes Accompanied by young son Henry. Friendship and Charlotte
William Holmes London 7 July 1784 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey one linen handkerchief (2s).
James Hortopp Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Howard London 7
Thomas Howard London 12 January 1785 7 Convicted of stealing at the Old Bailey to the value of 39s.
William Hubbard Surrey 24 March 1784 7 Convicted of theft in the Kingston Assizes Scarborough
John Hudson[52][53] 1775 London Dec 1783 7[54] Hudson was 8 yrs old when convicted in Dec 1783. He was 12 yrs old when he arrived in Jan 1788. Friendship
Susannah Huffnell Worcester 7
Frances Ann Hughes Lancaster 7
Hugh Hughes Southwark 7 Alexander
John Hughes Maidstone 7
Thomas Hughes
Edward Humphreys London 8 December 1784 7[55] aka Humphries. Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing one cloth great coat (30s) and one pair of leather boots (10s). Scarborough
Henry Humphreys Exeter 7 Charlotte
Mary Humphries London
Jeremiah Hurley Exeter 7
William Husband London 7
James Hussey
Thomas Huxley Warwick - Old Bailey London 25 June 1788 7 Alias Jones - Salamander
Thomas Hylids Guildford 7

IEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Ann Inett c. 1757 Worcester 11 March 1786 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Benjamin Ingram c. 1768 London 8 December 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
John Irvine c. 1761 Lincoln 6 March 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough

JEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Jackson Durham 7
David Jacobs London 20 October 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing two livery cloth great coats (40s).
John Jacobs London 7
Hannah Jackson Bristol 7
Joseph Jaget Exeter 7
James Jameson
Jane Jackson London alias Esther Robert Lady Penrhyn
Mary Jackson London 30 August 1786 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing a total of 6 shillings. Lady Penrhyn
Robert Jeffries Devizes 7
John Jefferies Maidstone 7
Robert Jenkins Maidstone 7 alias Brown
John Jepp London 23 February 1785 7 Conviction mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary.
William Jenkins Exeter 7
Francis Jones Winchester 7
Charles Johnson Manchester 7 Alexander
Edward Jones London 15 September 1784 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing 6 watch movements (20s), 185 watch movements framed (£4), 1 brass watch cap (6d), 48 centre watch wheels and pin (12s), 76 watch barrels and harbours (15s), 66 great watch wheels and fuzees (24s), 21 cantright watch wheels (2s), 237 small watch pins (16s), 248 watch screw wheels (5s), 9 watch studs (6d), 17 watch vergers (2s), 30 watch balances (18d), 3 turnbenches (5s), a pair of men's shoes (6d), a pair of buckles (6d), a spectacle case mounted with steel (6d), and a linen sheet (3s).
Thomas Josephs London 7
William Johnson Kingston 7
Stephen Johns Launceston 7
Margaret Jones Launceston 14
Edward Johnson Dorcester 7
John Jones Exeter 14
William Jones Shrewsbury 7
Richard Jones Shrewsbury 7
Thomas Jones Bristol 14
Catherine Johnson London 7
Mary Johnson London 7

KEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Henry Kable c. 1767 Thetford 14 Mar 1783 Death commuted to 7 aka Cable Friendship
John Kellan c. 1765 London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to Life aka John Herbert Keeling. Convicted of stealing one steel hilted sword (10s) on 30 April 1783 and sentenced to 7 years transportation in America.[56] Returned from transportation with 24 other convicts after taking control of the Swift in which he was to be transported. He was apprehended peacefully in August 1783 in Sandhurst, Kent.[57] He was convicted for returning from transportation and sentenced to death,[58] later commuted to transportation for life.[19] Scarborough
Thomas Kelly c. 1764 Pontefract 13 Jan 1785 7 Alexander
Martha Kennedy c. 1756 Kingston 9 Apr 1787 7 Prince of Wales
Thomas Kidney c. 1764 Bristol 30 Oct 1782 7 aka Kidner Alexander
William Kilby c. 1737 Reading 16 Jan 1784 Death commuted to Life Alexander
John King c. 1754 London 21 Apr 1784 7 Convicted for stealing one man's box great coat (18s) and one linen towel (6d). Scarborough
David Kilpack c. 1760 London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to Life aka Killpack. Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America for theft of one live turkey cock (1s 6d), one live cock (1s), two live hens (1s), and two live ducks (1s) on 26 February 1783.[59] He was part of a group of 24 convicts led principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America and returned to Britain. He was tried for returning from transportation and sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted to transportation for life.[19] Scarborough
Edward Kimberly c. 1765 Coventry 20 Mar 1783 7 For more information see here Scarborough
John Knowler c. 1762 Maidstone 16 Mar 1785 7 aka Nowland. Knowler, a labourer, was convicted of robbery of a coat, gloves and shoes (9s).[60] He died in 1822 in Van Diemans Land.[61] Alexander
Andrew Knowland c. 1755 London 10 Sep 1783 Death commuted to 7 a.k.a. Roman, Ronan, Rowland. Convicted at the Old Bailey for fraud of a shipmate on board HMS Nemesis.[62] Originally sentenced to death, it was commuted to transportation at a later date.[63] Knowland was involved in the mutiny aboard the convict ship the Swift which set sail for the Americas in 1784. He was captured and sent to Australia.[64] During his incarceration awaiting transportation, Andrew was referred to as "troublesome" by his jailers aboard the Dunkirk prison hulk.[65] Friendship

LEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
David Lankey c. 1760 London 1234 26 May 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
Richard Lane Winchester 2 Mar 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
John Lawrell Bodmin 18 Aug 1783 7 For more information see here Scarborough
William Lane c. 1756 Chelmsford 28 Jul 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
James Larne Exeter 12 Jul 1785 7 For more information see here Charlotte
John Lambeth c. April 1763[66] Bristol 29 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 7 Lambeth, a blacksmith from Fillongly, Warwickshire, was sentenced to death for stealing a promissory note and money (172s).[67] Lambeth was referred to as "tolerably decent and orderly" by his jailers aboard the Dunkirk Prison Hulk. He died on 2 July 1788. Friendship
Henry Lavell Henry London 11 Sep 1782 Death commuted to Life For more information see here Friendship
Flora Lara Flora London 21 Jan 1787 7 For more information see here Prince of Wales
Caroline Laycock London 30 Mar 1785 7 For more information see here Prince of Wales
Jane Langley 16 Sep 1761 London 29 Jul 1785 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Mary Lawrence c. 1754 London 26 May 1784 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Isaac Lemon Isaac Chelmsford 7 Mar 1785 7 Lemon, a labourer, was convicted for stealing a bay gelding horse (200s).[68] Originally sentenced to death, Lemon's sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation. He died during the voyage on board the Alexander on 11 March 1787.[69] Alexander
Joseph Levy London 26 May 1784 7 For more information see here Scarborough
John Leary Winchester 3 Mar 1783 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Scarborough
George Legg Dorchester 16 Mar 1786 7 For more information see here Charlotte
Jeremiah Leary Bristol 30 Mar 1784 Death commuted to 14 For more information see here Friendship
Stephen Legrove London 14 Jan 1784 7 For more information see here Friendship
Elizabeth Lee London 23 Feb 1785 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Sophia Lewis London 25 Oct 1786 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Elizabeth Leonard c. 1760 London 20 Oct 1784 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Amelia Levy Southwark 9 Jan 1787 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
George List c. 1759 London 10 Sep 1783 Life For more information see here Scarborough
John Limeburner c. 1743 New Sarum 9 Jul 1785 7 For more information see here Charlotte
Thomas Limpus 23 Jul 1760 London 10 Sep 1783 Life For more information see here
Samuel Lightfoot c. 1753 Exeter 14 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Charlotte
Joseph Longstreet Marlborough 5 Oct 1784 7 Longstreet was convicted at Marlborough for stealing dyed Spanish wool.[70] He died at sea on 19 July 1787.[71] Alexander
Joseph Long Gloucester 23 Mar 1785 Death commuted to 14 For more information see here Alexander
John Lockley London 22 Feb 1786 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Alexander
Mary Love c. 1725 Maidstone 15 Mar 1785 14 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Elizabeth Lock Gloucester 26 Mar 1783 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
Nathaniel Lucas 1764 London 7 Jul 1784 7 Scarborough
Humphrey Lynch New Sarum 5 Mar 1785 7 For more information see here Alexander
Ann Lynch 1746 Bristol 30 Mar 1786 14 For more information see here Charlotte
John Lloyd London 25 Feb 1784 7 Aka Loyd, Lyde. Lloyd was convicted for stealing on 21 February 1784 one wooden till (6d), one half-guinea (10s 6d), two half-crowns (5s), and 20s in money.[72] Lloyd was sentenced to 7 years transportation and placed aboard the Mercury bound for Nova Scotia and was involved in the Mercury Mutiny, in April 1784 and returned to England, landing in Torbay, where Lloyd was captured. He was later sent to New South Wales. A report from the Dunkirk Hulk describes John as "in general tolerably well behaved but troublesome at times."[73] Lloyd died on 27 September 1811 in Sydney.[74] Friendship

MEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
James M'Donnaugh 1752 Maidstone 11 Jul 1785 7 For more information see here Alexander
Charles M'Laughlin c. 1770 Durham 21 Jul 1785 7 For more information see here Alexander
Edward M'Lean c. 1731 Maidstone 15 Mar 1784 7 aka MacLean, MacClean. M'Lean, a labourer, was convicted at Maidstone for stealing many items of clothing (159s). Originally sentenced to death, this was commuted to seven years transportation.[75][76] Scarborough
Francis M'Lean 24 March 1784 Guildford













7 For more information see here Alexander
Thomas M'Lean Guildford 7 For more information see here Alexander
John MacIntire Durham 7
John Mansfield Chelmsford 7 Years Transportation Stole 8 pigs Alexander
Betty Mason Gloucester 14
Sarah McCormick Manchester 7
Mary McCormack Liverpool 7 Married William Parr soon after arrival. Friendship
Richard McDeed
Redman McGrah Redman
James Medlycott James
William Mariner Oxford 7
William Marney London 7
Jane Marriott London 7
John Marrott Gloucester 7
Mary Marshall London Life
Joseph Marshall London 14
Mary Marshall London 7
Ann Martin Southwark Lady Penrhyn
Abraham Martin New Sarum 7
John Martin London 7
Stephen Martin Bristol 7
Thomas Martin Exeter 7
James Martyn Exeter 7
Susannah Mason London alias Gibbs
Ann Mather London 7
Mather MATHER London 7
Thomas Matson Maidstone 7
Richard May New Sarun 7
Eleanor McCabe London 7 alias Magee
William McNamar William
John Meynell Nottingham alias William Radford
Jacob Messiah
Jane Meech Exeter 7 Mrs. William Meech
Samuel Midgley Lancaster 7
Richard Middleton London 7
Edward Miles 7
Matthew Mills
Charles Milton Maidstone 7
Mary Mitchcraft Kingston 7
Mary Mitchell Kingston 7
Nathaniel Mitchell Dorchester 7
John Mollands Launceston 7
Samuel Mobbs London 7
Charles Mood 7
John Moorin London 7
William Moore William London 7
John Morley London 7
Richard Morgan Gloucester 7
Robert Morgan Robert London 7
William Morgan London 7
Joseph Morley
Peter Morris Bristol 7
James Morrisby London 7 For more information see here
John Mortimore Exeter 7
Mary Morton London 23 February 1785 7 Tried for stealing three pieces containing seventeen handkerchiefs (18s).[77]
John Mowbray Lincoln 7
William William Guildford 7
Edward Moyle Launceston 7
Hannah Mullens London 10 January 1787 Life There is no transcription of Mullens' trial. However, she is mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary as having received His Majesty's pardon after being capitally convicted at former sessions on the condition of being transported for the following terms, to the Eastern coast of New South Wales, or some one or other of the islands adjacent.[78] She became wife of Charles Peat. Lady Penrhyn
Stephen Mullis Exeter 7
Jesse Mullock New Sarum 7
Lydia Munro Kingston 14 Prince of Wales[79]
John Munroe c. 1770 London 21 April 1784 7 alias Nurse. Tried at the Old Bailey, with George Robinson and George Bannister, for stealing one marcella petticoat (8s), one child's dimity cloak (3s), one linen gown (1s 6d) and one pair of cotton stockings (6d).[9]
James Murphy 7
William Murphy Liverpool 7

NEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Newland London 7 Scarborough
Robert Nettleton Kingston upon 7 Alexander
John Neal London 7 Scarborough
James Neal Bristol 7 Friendship
Elizabeth Needham London 7 Lady Penrhyn
John Nicholls London 7 Scarborough
Phebe Norton 1761 London 25 Oct 1786 7 Alias Jones, Knight. Norton, a servant and housekeeper to James Milne, stole on 20 August 1786, a tablespoon, 3 teaspoons, a counterpane, 3 sheets, a coat, a satin waistcoat, a table cloth, 2 check curtains and a pair of leather gloves (34.5s) from Milne. As reported by Arthur Bowes Smyth, "Phebe Norton, A convict on board us fell from the head (the toilet seat at the bow of the ship), into the Sea, it was a remarkable calm day, therefore before she had time to go down, two men jump’d overboard & saved her by hauling her into the pinnace which was fasten’d at the stern." Lady Penrhyn
Robert Nunn London 7 Scarborough

OEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John O'Craft c. 1750 Exeter 24 May 1784 Death commuted to 7 For more information see here Charlotte
James Ogden c. Feb 1769 Manchester 20 Jan 1785 7 years Ogden, a labourer born in Ashton-under-Lyne, was convicted of stealing a purse and six pieces of gold of unknown value.[80][81] Ogden married Elizabeth Kelsell in January 1800 at Parramatta and by 1806 he was a landholder at The Ponds with 50 acres. Ogden died on 19 September 1820 at St John's, Parramatta. Alexander
William Okey c. 1768 Gloucester 24 Mar 1784 Death commuted to 7 Okey, a labourer, was convicted for stealing six chines of bacon, four loaves of bread and other goods (61s).[82] Originally sentenced to death, his sentence was commuted to seven years transportation. Okey was killed by Aborigines on 30 May 1788. Alexander
Isabella Oldfield c. Sep 1764 Manchester 20 Jul 1786 7 years Oldfield, from Skipton, Yorkshire, was convicted (with her brother Thomas Oldfield) of stealing three pieces of cloth (1s)[83] In October 1787 she transferred to the Prince of Wales while anchored at the Cape of Good Hope. She died on 17 March 1789 at Sydney Cove.[84] Friendship and Prince of Wales
Thomas Oldfield c. May 1763 Manchester 20 Jul 1786 7 years For more information see here Friendship
Peter Opley Maidstone 14 Mar 1786 7 years For more information see here Alexander
Thomas Orford London 7 Jul 1784 7 years For more information see here
Thomas Osborne London 7 years Alexander
Elizabeth Osborne London 7 years alias Jones Lady Penrhyn
John Owles Croydon 7 years Alexander
John Owen London 7 years Scarborough
Joseph Owen Shrewsbury 14 years Friendship

PEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Paul Paige Lincoln 7
William Pane Nottingham 7
Edward Parry Stafford 7
William Parr Liverpool 7 For more information see here Alexander
John Henry Palmer London 7
John Parker London 7
William Parish 1751 London 20 Oct 1784 7 William Parish, alias Potter may have been an unemployed seaman, but on 27 September 1784 he became a highwayman. Parish was tried before Mr Recorder. Parish was indicted for feloniously assaulting William Stent with a pistol on the King's highway on 27 September 1784, with intent to steal money from Stent.
Richard Partridge London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing one linen shift (3s), one linen apron (3s), one pair of cotton stockings (6d) pence, and one pair of linen cover sluts (6d) on 30 April 1783. He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death. The sentence was commuted to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
Peter Parris Exeter 7
Jane Parkinson Manchester aka Partington
Elizabeth Parker Gloucester 7 Accompanied by her daughter Ann Friendship then from Cape Charlotte
Ann Parsely London 1787 7 For more information see here Prince of Wales
Mary Parker London 7
Sarah Partridge London 7 alias Roberts
Sarah Parry London Life
Edward Bearcro Perrot Bristol 7
John Petrie London 7
Samuel Peyton London 7
Richard Percival London 7 Jul 1784 7 Convicted of stealing one silver watch (30s), one silver milk pot (10s), one silver spoon (5s), one pair of steel scissors with silver bows (2s), one pair of leather shoes (5s), a quantity of sugar (1s), half 2 pound of tobacco (2s), one linen towel (6d) and 480 copper halfpence (20s).[85] On 23 February 1785, his sentence of seven years transportation was transferred from transportation to America to transportation to Africa.[86]
John Pettitt London 21 Apr 1784 7 Convicted of stealing one flute, called an English flute (4s), and two fifes (1s).[87]
James Peaulet London 7
Charles Peat London 23 Feb 1785 Life Originally convicted on 5 December 1781 and sentenced to death for stealing by highway robbery a silk purse (3d), and money (23s) on Finchley Common.[88][89] The sentence of death was later overturned and Peat was sentenced to transportation for life in Nova Scotia. He was involved in the Mercury Mutiny and was found "at large" in England, his return from transportation is recorded in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries of 10 September 1783.[90] Peat was sentenced to transportation for life in 1785.[91] He became the husband of Hannah Mullens. Scarborough
Joshua Peck Exeter 7
Edward Perkins Plymouth 7
John Petherick Plymouth 7
John Penny 7
William Phillimore London 10 Dec 1783 7 Convicted at the Old Bailey. Unusually, details of Phillimore's trial is not transcribed.[92]
Richard Phillips London 10 Dec 1783 7 Convicted of stealing 16lbs of lead (4s).[93]
Mary Phillips Taunton 7 For more information see here
Roger Phyfield Shrewsbury aka Twyfield Friendship
Mary Phyn London 7
Samuel Pigott Exeter 7
Mary Pinder Lincoln 7
Elizabeth Pipkin London 7
Mary Piles London 6 Apr 1785 7 aka Pile. Originally convicted on 15 January 1783 to be fined 1s and to serve twelve months in a House of Correction for stealing one linen apron (5s), five caps (40s), one muslin handkerchief (3s), one metal watch (£3), one steel chain (1d) and money (16s).[94] Piles was convicted once again for stealing money (29s 6d). During the trial she was referred to as "the female highwayman."[95]
David Pope Southwark 7
John Power London 14 Dec 1785 7 Power was convicted with Charles Young of stealing 2092lb of wood, called Red Sanders wood (£20) the property of the East India.[96] The trial in question results in a verdict of not guilty. However, both Young and Power are listed in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries as sentenced to 7 years transportation.[97] Both defended by William Garrow who said in his defence that "There is no evidence at all against Power" when cross-examining the witness Judah Bottlebold and that "what Bottlebold says against Power alone, is not evidence."
John Pontie London 7 Jul 1784 Death commuted to Life Convicted at the Old Bailey (with John Matthew Cox a.k.a. Banbury Jack) of stealing thirteen yards of lace (£5).[41] Originally sentenced to death, overturned to transportation for life on 23 February 1785.
Jane Poole Wells 7 Charlotte
William Poore Dorchester 7 Aka Power, Poor Charlotte
Elizabeth Powley
Ann Powell London 13 Dec 1786 7 Convicted of stealing one pair of stays (10s), one gown (10s), one apron (2s), and one black silk cloak (10s).[98]
James Price Gloucester 7
John Price Southwark 7
Catherine Prior Prior's son John Matthew was born at sea on 14 Nov 1787.
Thomas Prior Reading 7
Thomas Pritchard
Edward Pugh Gloucester 7
Elizabeth Pulley Norfolk 7

REdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
John Randall c. 1764 Manchester 1785 7 Aka Randel and Raynolds. Tried at Manchester 1785 for stealing a silver watch chain, was then sent to the Ceres hulk, then 1786 delivered to the ship Alexander for transportation for 7 years. He stated his birthplace to be New Haven Connecticut, Nth America. He was an African American and, considering the area he was from and the time, was most probably a slave before making his way to England. It is not known how he made his way to England.[99] Alexander
George Reymond London 7
John Ramfey Kinston 7
Charles Repeat Warwick 7
William Read Croydon 7
Bartholomew Reardon Winchester 7
Ann Read London Life Lady Penrhyn
Thomas Risdale Bristol Life alias Crowder
James Richard East Grinstead 7
James Richardson Maidstone 7
Edward Risby Gloucester 7
William Richardson c. Feb 1761 London 10 Dec 1783 Death commuted to 7 Convicted for assault and highway robbery (27s). Married Isabella Rosson in September 1789 and had at least 2 children. Described as having a thin face, fair complexion, dark brown hair, grey eyes, and 5' 5" tall. Alexander
Hardwicke Richardson London 25 Oct 1786 7 Convicted for stealing clothing (60s). Alexander
John Richardson c. 1760 London 7 Jul 1784 7 Aka Mann. Convicted for stealing household goods (77s). Fathered two children with Mary Finn Scarborough
David Richard London 7
Samuel Richardson c. 1766 London 15 Sep 1784 7 Convicted for stealing silk (40s). Scarborough
William Rickson Chelmsford 7
John Richards Winchester 7 alias Williams
James Richard Launceston 7
John Rice Exeter 7 Charlotte
Anthony Rope Chelmsford 7
Daniel Rogers Croydon 7
George Robinson Lincoln 7
Isaac Rogers Gloucester 14
Thomas Robinson Kingston upon 7
John Roberts Liverpool 7
George Robinson c. 1770 London 21 April 1784 7 Tried (with George Bannister and John Monroe alias Nurse) for stealing one marcella petticoat (8s), one child's dimity cloak (3s), one linen gown (1s 6d) and one pair of cotton stockings (6d)[9]
John Romain London 11 May 1784 7 There is no transcription of Romain's trial at the Old Bailey. However, he is mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summary as having his transportation location changed from America to Africa.[100]
John Rowe Launceston 7
William Rowe Launceston 7
William Roberts c. 1755 Bodmin 17 August 1786 7 Convicted for the theft of five pound and half weight of yarn (9s), property of William Moffat of Launceston[101] Scarborough
William Robinson Exeter 7
Henry Roach Exeter 7
John Robins Exeter 7 alias Major
Walton Rous alias Batley
Mary Rolt London
Isabella Rosson London 10 Jan 1787 7 Tried for stealing one tambour muslin (2s).[102]
John Russel London 7
John Ruglass London 23 Feb 1785 Life There is no transcription of Ruglass's trial. However, he is mentioned in the Old Bailey Punishment Summaries as being sentenced to be transported for life.[103]
John Russler London Life
James Ruse Bodmin 7 aka Ruce
Robert Ruth Exeter 7
John Ryan

SEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Saltmarsh c. 1770 Kingston 29 Mar 1785 7 Alexander
Thomas Sanderson Lincoln 7
William Sands Lincoln 7 Alexander
Peter Sampson London 7 Convicted (with Charles Allen) of burglarious breaking and entering a dwelling and stealing one linen sheet (10s), eight damask table cloths (40s), one sheet (10s), eight shirts (3s 1d) and one counterpane (10s).[104] Scarborough
Ann Sandlin London 7 alias Lynes Lady Penrhyn
Robert Scattergood Stafford 7 Alexander
Elizabeth Scott London 7 Convicted (with Sarah Ault) for stealing four bridles (11s), one bradoon (2s), two strap irons (1s), and two leather straps (1s).[105] Prince of Wales
Samuel Selshire London 7 Scarborough
John Seymour Sherborne 7 Scarborough
William Shearman Reading 7 Alexander
Joseph Shaw Stafford 7 Alexander
Robert Shepherd Durham 7 Alexander
George Sharp Durham 7 Alexander
William Shore Lancaster 7 Alexander
James Shiers London Life Scarborough
John Silverthorn New Sarum 7 Alexander
Robert Sidaway London Life aka Sideway, Sideaway Friendship
Sarah Slater London 7 Lady Penrhyn
John Small Exeter 7 Charlotte
Richard Smart Gloucester 7 Alexander
Daniel Smart Gloucester 7 Alexander
Thomas Smith Lancaster 7 Alexander
William Smith Liverpool 7 Alexander
Edward Smith London 7 Scarborough
William Smith London 7 Scarborough
Thomas Smith London 7 alias Haynes Scarborough
James Smith London 7 Scarborough
John Smith Guildford 7 Scarborough
William Smith Bodmin 1 Scarborough
Ann Smith Winchester 7 Mrs John Smith was accompanied by her young daughter Ann. Charlotte
Hannah Smith Winchester 7 Lady Penrhyn
William Smith Dorchester 7 Charlotte
Edward Smith Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Smith Exeter 7 Charlotte
Ann Smith London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Catherine Smith London 7 Prince of Wales
Catherine Smith London 7 Lady Penrhyn
Mary Smith London 7 Lady Penrhyn
William Snaleham London 7 Scarborough
Henry Sparks
Daniel Spencer Dorchester 14 Charlotte
John Spencer alias Pearce
Mary Spence Wigan 5 Prince of Wales
Charlotte Springmore London 19 Oct 1785 7 Convicted (with Mary Harrison) of an assault upon Susannah Edhouse, with willfully destroying her cloth cotton gown (10s). She was said to be a prostitute during her trial.
Mary Springham 29 Feb 1768 London 25 Oct 1786 7 For more information see here Lady Penrhyn
James Squire Kingston 7 aka Squires Charlotte (originally on Friendship)
William Stanley New Sarum 7 Alexander
Thomas Stanton c. 1760 Launceston 19 Mar 1785 7 alias Abdin, Ebden, Eldon, Ibden. Stealing a horse - geldings (400s). Scarborough
John Morris Stephens Dorchester 7 Charlotte
Margaret Stewart Exeter 7 Charlotte
John Stogdell London 14 Alexander
John Stokee Durham 7
Charles Stone London 7 Alexander
Henry Stone London 7
Martin Stone Warwick 7 Alexander
James Stow Lincoln 7 Alexander
Thomas Strech Shrewsbury 7 aka Stretch Friendship
James Strong Dorchester 7 Alexander
James Stuart London 7 Scarborough
John Summers Gloucester 13 Jul 1784 7 Convicted for stealing a knapsack. Alexander

TEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Joshua Taylor c. 1768 Manchester 14 Oct 1784 7 Theft of handkerchief (1s) Alexander
Henry Taylor c. 1754 London 14 Jan 1784 7 Convicted for stealing iron bars and railing (15s). Involved in the Mercury Mutiny. Friendship
Sarah Taylor c. 1755 Kingston 9 Apr 1787 7 Convicted (with Mary Mitchcraft and Martha Kennedy) for assault and robbery (12s). She married William French Brown in 1788. Prince of Wales
Thomas Hilton Tenant Chelmsford alias Phillip Devine
Cornelius Teague Bodmin 7
James Tenchall aka Tenninghill
Elizabeth Thackery c. 1767 Manchester 4 May 1786 7 The last survivor of the First Fleet. Friendship then from Cape Charlotte
William Thompson Durham 7
James Thomas London 7
James Thompson London 7
James Thomas London 7
John Thomas London 7
William Thompson London 7
James Thoudy
Elizabeth Thomas Wigan 7
Ann Thornton London 7
Thomas Tunmins Warwick 7
Thomas Tilley Stafford 7
Thomas Till London 7
Nicholas Todd London 7
Joseph Trotter Maidstone 7 Alexander
John Trace Exeter 7
Susannah Trippett London 7
Ralph Turner c. 1749 Manchester 14 Apr 1785 7 Alexander
Joseph Tuso London Life
John Turner c. 1740 Maidstone 16 Apr 1783 7 Convicted for stealing a cask of beer (18s). Involved in the Mercury Mutiny. Friendship
Moses Tucker Plymouth 7
Thomas Turner c. 1740 Oxford 6 Mar 1782 Death to 7 Convicted for assault and highway robbery (52s). Involved in the Mercury Mutiny. Friendship
John Turner c. 1759 York 24 Jul 1784 Death to 7 Convicted for stealing a horse - a gelding (140s). Scarborough
Mary Turner c. 1766 Worcester 5 Mar 1785 7 Aka Wilkes. Convicted for stealing clothing (42s). Lady Penrhyn
William Twyneham Reading 7
Ann Twyfield Shrewsbury 7 aka Dawley
William Tyrrell Winchester 7

UEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
James Underwood c. 1743[106] New Sarum 11 Mar 1786 Death commuted to 14 For more information see here Charlotte
John Usher c. 1769 Maidstone 17 Mar 1785 7 For more information see here Alexander

VEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
William Vickery c. 1762 Exeter 20 Mar 1786 7 For more information see here Charlotte
Henry Vincent c. 1760 London 21 April 1784 7 Vincent was convicted with two other men of stealing on 31 March 1784 200 lb of currants (£4), and one wooden cask (1s).[107][108] Vincent died on 7 March 1788 at Port Jackson, approximately two months after the arrival of the First Fleet in New South Wales.[109] Scarborough

WEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Benjamin Wager London 7
Ellen Wainwright Preston 7 alias Esther Eccles
Mary Wade London 14 alias Cacklane
James Walbourne London 7
Richard Waddicomb Exeter 7
John Walker London 7
William Wall Oxford 7
William Walsh London 7
Ann Ward London 7
John Ward Lowth 7
Charlotte Ware Charlotte
William Waterhouse Kingston 7
Mary Watkins Friendship then from Rio Charlotte
John Watsan Maidstone 7
Thomas Watson Exeter 7
James Welch Maidstone 7
John Welch Durham 7
John Welch London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to 7 years transportation to America at the Old Bailey for stealing one large copper (10s), one copper saucepan (3s), and one brass boiling pot (3s) on 11 September 1782. He was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried at the Old Bailey for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. His sentence was commuted to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
John Welsh London 7
Benjamin West London 7
John Westwood London 7
Edward Westlake Exeter 7
Samuel Wheeler Croydon 7
George Whitaker Maidstone 7
James White Maidstone 7
William Whiting Gloucester 7
Edward Whitton Maidstone Death commuted to Life Labourer convicted of assault and highway robbery, sentenced to be hanged. Reprieved on condition of serving life at James Fort, Gambia. held within a hulk for two and a half years due to complications with the establishment of a Gambian penal colony. After the colony was abandoned Edward was eventually ordered to join the Scarborough aged 30.[110] Scarborough
Samuel Wilcocks Dorcester 7
William Wilton William Bristol 7
Charles Wilson London Death commuted to Life Originally sentenced to transportation to America, he was part of a group of 24 convicts lead principally by John Kellan which overthrew their transportation vessel bound for America, the Swift and returned to Britain. He was tried for returning from transportation and sentenced to death by hanging. His sentence was commuted to transportation for life on 10 September 1783.
Peter Wilson Manchester 7
Charles Williams London w2 7 For more information see here
Daniel Williams Preston 7
Frances Williams Mold 7
James Williams London 7
John Williams Bodmin 7 alias Floyd
John Williams Maidstone 7 alias Black Jack
John Williams Exeter 7
Mary Williams London 7
Peter Williams Exeter 7 alias Flaggett
Robert Williams Launceston 7
Richard Wilcocks Richard Exeter 7
Mary Wickham New Sarum 14
John Wilding Bury 7 alias Warren. Died during passage. Scarborough
John Wisehammer Bristol 7
George Wood London 7
Mark Wood
Francis Woodcock Shrewsbury 7
Peter Woodcock London 7
Samuel Woodham London Life
Jack Wolff London 7 Scarborough
John Woolcot Exeter Life
Samuel Woolley London 15 Husband of Sarah Woolley. They were sentenced together. Charlotte
Sarah Woolley London 14 Wife of Samuel Woolley. They were sentenced together. Charlotte
William Worsdell Launceston 7
Ann Wright Ann London 7
Benjamin Wright London 7
James Wright c. 1757 Maidstone 7 Originally sentenced to death for highway robbery, his sentence was commuted to 7 years transportation to Africa, which was later changed to New South Wales. Served as Colonial Baker under Governor Phillip from 1788 to c.1792 and then as Government Baker at Parramatta c.1792 to c.1810. James married Third Fleet convict Letitia Holland on 10 April 1810. They had four children. James died on 15 March 1825 and is buried in St.John's Cemetery, Parramatta. Scarborough
Joseph Wright London 7 Scarborough
Thomas Wright Reading 7
William Wright London 7

YEdit

Name Date
of
birth
Place
of
conviction
Date
of
conviction
Sentence Other information Transport ship
Thomas Yardsley c. 1759 Shrewsbury 4 Aug 1784 7 aka Yasley Scarborough
Nancy Yates c. 1768 York 9 Jul 1785 Death to 7 aka Yeats Lady Penrhyn
John Young c. 1762 London 20 Oct 1784 7 Alexander
Simon Young c. 1762 London 21 Apr 1784 Death to 7 Scarborough
Elizabeth Youngson c. 1772 Lancaster 1 Mar 1787 Death to 7 aka Youngster Prince of Wales
George Youngson c. 1767 Lancaster 1 Mar 1787 7 Prince of Wales

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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BibliographyEdit

  • Chapman, Don (1986). 1788: The People of the First Fleet. Doubleday Australia. ISBN 0868242659.
  • Gillen, Mollie (1989). The Founders of Australia: a Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet. Library of Australian History. ISBN 0908120699.
  • Kenneally, Thomas (2006). The Commonwealth of Thieves. Random House Australia. ISBN 9781741666137.

External linksEdit