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A reconstruction of Holt Castle in 1495

This is a list of castles in Wales, sometimes called the "castle capital of the world" in view of their high density.[1][2] Wales had about 600 castles,[3] of which over 100 are still standing, either as ruins or as restored buildings. The rest have returned to nature, and today consist of ditches, mounds, and earthworks, often in commanding positions. Many of the sites in Wales are cared for by Cadw, the Welsh government's historic environment service.

The four castles of Beaumaris, Caernarfon, Conwy, and Harlech together make up the Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd World Heritage Site, considered to be the "finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe".[4]

Contents

BridgendEdit

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments, or nothing remains include:

  • Llangewydd Castle
  • Nolton Castle, Oldcastle, Bridgend [5]
  • Stormy Castle
Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Candleston Castle   Fortified manor house 14th century Ruined Only the tower remains of a C14 fortified manor house built by the de Cantelupes.[6]
Coity Castle   Keep and bailey 12th - 14th centuries Ruined Cadw Prominently sited above Heol West Plas, Coity Castle was founded in the early twelfth century and was granted to the Norman family of Turberville.[7]
Kenfig Castle   Keep and bailey 12th century Fragmentary remains The scanty remains of Kenfig Castle, a once great medieval fortress, rise from the dunes beside the Cynfig river.[8]
Llangynwyd Castle   12th century Fragmentary remains At Llangynwyd the remains of a once splendid medieval fortress are now reduced to scanty ruins and earthworks.[9]
Newcastle   Enclosure castle 12th century Ruined Cadw The castle's most outstanding feature is its complete Norman doorway, which greets the visitor approaching the castle from the south.[10]

CaerphillyEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Caerphilly Castle   Concentric castle 13th - 14th century Ruined, with partial restoration Cadw Caerphilly is the largest medieval castle in Wales and one of the most impressive in Europe.[11]
Ruperra Castle   Mock castle 17th century Ruined Private Built c1626 by Sir Thomas Morgan, steward to the Earl of Pembroke, and the latest example of the Elizabethan and Jacobean court taste for castellated mansions.[12]
Morgraig Castle   13th century Fragmentary remains Castell Morgraig was built by the Anglo-Norman de Clare lords of Glamorgan, sometime after 1243 and before 1267, when it was abandoned unfinished as the de Clares defeated the last Welsh native lord in the area and started building Caerphilly nearby.[13]

CardiffEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Cardiff Castle   Shell Keep 11th century Ruined, with partial restoration Cardiff Council Cardiff Castle was established within the walls of a mighty Roman fort by William I of England in about 1081.[14]
Castell Coch   Gothic Revival 19th century (Originally 11th century) Intact Cadw Castell Coch, located on a prominent wooded hillside overlooking the Taff Valley and the northern part of Cardiff, is a remarkable blend of solid medieval masonry and High Victorian Gothic fantasy.[15]
St Fagans Castle   Enclosure castle 13th century Ruined National Museum Wales The remains of the medieval castle at St Fagans include the southern part of a stone curtain wall. The enclosure is currently overlain by an Elizabethan mansion, with part of the surviving curtain serving to define its forecourt.[16]

CarmarthenshireEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Carreg Cennen Castle   Enclosure castle 13th century Ruined Cadw Magnificently set castle, high on a limestone precipice. A vaulted passage runs from the SE corner to a cave below E outer ward.[17]
Carmarthen Castle   Shell Keep 11th century Ruined Carmarthenshire Council Remains of the high medieval castle, including a shell keep, gatehouse and two towers, are obscured by modern buildings, notably County Hall.[18]
Dinefwr Castle   12th century Cadw Dinefwr castle is thought to have been founded in the later twelfth century by Rhys ap Gruffudd, the Lord Rhys, and became known as the traditional capital of Dyfed.[19]
Dryslwyn Castle   13th century Cadw The shattered ruins of a medieval castle crown the ultimate summit of a dramatically isolated and abrupt hill rising from the Tywi floodplain.[20]
Kidwelly Castle   12th century and earlier Cadw
Laugharne Castle   13th century Cadw
Llandovery Castle   11th century
Llansteffan Castle   12th century Cadw
Castell Moel   16th century
Newcastle Emlyn Castle   13th & 15th century

CeredigionEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Aberdyfi Castle   12th century
Aberystwyth   13th century
Caerwedros Castle 12th century
Cardigan Castle   13th century Ceredigion County Council
Castell Cadwgan, Aberaeron 12th century
Dinerth Castle 12th century
Gwallter Castle 12th century
Lampeter Castle 12th century
Llanrhystud Castle 11th century
Ystrad Meurig Castle 12th Century
Ystrad Peithyll Castle   12th Century

ConwyEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Conwy Castle   13th century Cadw
Deganwy Castle   13th century
Dolwyddelan Castle   13th century Cadw
Gwrych Castle   19th century Gwrych Castle Preservation Trust
Gwydir Castle   16th century Private

DenbighshireEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Bodelwyddan Castle   19th century (Originally 15th)
Denbigh Castle   13th -14th century Cadw
Dinas Brân   12th century
Dyserth Castle 13th century
Rhuddlan Castle   13th century Cadw
Ruthin Castle   13th century Hotel
Twthill, Rhuddlan   11th century Cadw
Prestatyn Castle 12th century Motte & Bailey castle

FlintshireEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Caergwrle Castle   13th century Cadw
Ewloe Castle   12th century Cadw
Flint Castle   13th century Cadw
Hawarden Castle   13th century
New Hawarden Castle   18th century
Mold Castle   12th century

GwyneddEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Bryn Bras Castle   19th century
Caernarfon Castle   13th century Ruined, with partial restoration Cadw
Carndochan Castle   13th century
Castell y Bere   13th century Cadw
Criccieth Castle   13th century Cadw
Dinas Emrys   12th century keep on early medieval site
Dolbadarn Castle   13th century Cadw
Harlech Castle   13th century Cadw
Penrhyn Castle   19th century Intact National Trust

Isle of AngleseyEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Castell Aberlleiniog   12th century
Beaumaris Castle   13th century Cadw

Merthyr TydfilEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Morlais Castle   13th century
Cyfarthfa Castle   19th century

MonmouthshireEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Abergavenny Castle   11th to 13th century
Betws Newydd Castle 11th century
Caldicot Castle   12th to 15th century
Castell Arnold   12th century Near Llanover
Chepstow Castle   11th to 14th century Cadw
Dingestow Castle   11th and 12th century Two castles, one 11th century the other 12th
Grosmont Castle   12th to 14th century Cadw
Llanfair Kilgeddin Castle   11th century
Llangibby Castle   13th century
Llantrisant, Monmouthshire Castell Troggy   13th century
Llanvair Discoed Castle   12th to 13th century
Monmouth Castle   11th to 13th century Cadw
Newcastle 11th century
Penrhos Castle 11th century
Pen y Clawdd Castle 11th century Near Abergavenny
Raglan Castle   15th century Cadw
Skenfrith Castle   12th to 13th century Cadw
Trellech Castle   12th century
Usk Castle   12th to 14th century
White Castle   11th to 13th century Cadw

Neath Port TalbotEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Neath Castle   12th century Neath Town Council

NewportEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Caerleon Castle   11th to 13th century
Newport Castle   13th century Cadw
Pencoed Castle   13th century
Penhow Castle   12th century

PembrokeshireEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Benton Castle[21]   no date
Carew Castle   11th to 16th century Private / Open to the public
Cilgerran Castle   13th century Cadw
Haverfordwest Castle   12th century
Llawhaden Castle   12th to 14th century Cadw
Manorbier Castle   12th to 14th century Private / Open to the public
Narberth Castle   13th century
Pembroke Castle   12th & 13th century Private / Open to the public
Picton Castle   12th century Picton Castle Trust
Roch Castle   12th century Private
Tenby Castle   13th century
Upton Castle 13th century Private
Wiston Castle   12th century Cadw
Wolf's Castle   Motte and bailey 11th century

PowysEdit

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Aberedw Castle   11th to 13th century Two castles, one 11th and one 13th century
Blaenllyfni Castle   13th century
Brecon Castle   11th century Hotel
Bronllys Castle   12th century Cadw
Crickhowell Castle   12th century
Dolforwyn Castle   13th century Cadw
Hay Castle   11th or 12th century Hay Castle Trust
Maesllwch Castle   19th century Private 19th-century house in castellated style
Montgomery Castle   13th century Cadw
Powis Castle   12th to 19th century National Trust
Tretower Castle   12th century Cadw

Rhondda Cynon TafEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Llantrisant Castle   13th century

SwanseaEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Loughor Castle   12th century Cadw
Oxwich Castle   16th century Cadw
Oystermouth Castle   12th & 13th century City and County of Swansea Council
Pennard Castle   12th century Pennard Golf Course
Penrice Castle   13th century Private
Swansea Castle   12th century Cadw
Weobley Castle   13th century Cadw

Vale of GlamorganEdit

Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Barry Castle   13th - 14th century Cadw
Fonmon Castle   14th century Private
Hensol Castle   18th century Private
Ogmore Castle   12th century Cadw
Old Beaupre Castle   16th century Cadw
Penmark Castle   12th century
St Donat's Castle   12th century Atlantic College
St Quintins Castle   14th century Cadw

WrexhamEdit

Name Image Type Date Condition Ownership / Access Notes
Chirk Castle   13th century National Trust
Holt Castle   13th century

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Less Traveled Britain: 5 Reasons to Visit Wales
  2. ^ Travelblog.com Wales: The Castle Capital of the World
  3. ^ "Gatehouse website statistical information". www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
  4. ^ "Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd". UNESCO. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Oldcastle, Nolton, suggested castle site". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Candlestone Castle". Gatehouse.
  7. ^ "Coity Castle". Gatehouse.
  8. ^ "Kenfig Castle". Gatehouse.
  9. ^ "Llangynwyd Castle". Gatehouse.
  10. ^ "Newcastle Bridgend Castle". Gatehouse.
  11. ^ "Caerphilly Castle". Gatehouse.
  12. ^ "Ruperra Castle". Gatehouse.
  13. ^ "Morgraig Castle". Gatehouse.
  14. ^ "Cardiff Castle". Gatehouse.
  15. ^ "Castell Coch". Gatehouse.
  16. ^ "St Fagans Castle". Gatehouse.
  17. ^ "Carreg Cennen Castle". Gatehouse.
  18. ^ "Carmarthen Castle". Gatehouse.
  19. ^ "Dinefwr Castle". Gatehouse.
  20. ^ "Dryslwyn Castle". Gatehouse.
  21. ^ Alan Reid, Castles of Wales, 2nd ed.(Ruthin: John Jones Publishing Ltd. 1999)

External linksEdit