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The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[1] As of 2019 Nobel Prizes had been awarded to 916 individuals,[2] of whom 16 were black recipients.

Blacks have received awards in three of six award categories: twelve in Peace, three in Literature, and one in Economics. The first black recipient, American Ralph Bunche, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1950. The most recent, Abiy Ahmed, was awarded his Peace Prize in 2019.

Two black laureates – Barack Obama and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf – were presidents of their countries (the United States and Liberia respectively) when they were awarded the prize, while Ahmed was Prime Minister of Ethiopia when he was announced as winner.

EconomicsEdit

One black person have been given the Nobel Prize in Economics.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1979 W. Arthur Lewis   Saint Lucia First and (so far) only black person to win a Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences; first West Indian to win a Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences[3]

LiteratureEdit

Three black people have been given the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1986   Wole Soyinka   Nigeria First black person to win the Nobel Prize for Literature[4]
1992   Derek Walcott[5]   Saint Lucia
1993   Toni Morrison   United States First black woman to win a Nobel Prize[6]

PeaceEdit

12 black people have been given the Nobel Peace Prize.

Year Image Laureate Country Comment
1950   Ralph Bunche   United States First black person to win a Nobel Prize[7]
1960   Albert John Luthuli   South Africa First black African to win a Nobel Prize
1964   Martin Luther King, Jr   United States Youngest African American to win a Nobel Prize
1984   Desmond Tutu   South Africa
1993   Nelson Mandela   South Africa
2001   Kofi Annan   Ghana
2004   Wangari Maathai   Kenya First black African woman to win a Nobel Prize and first and only environmentalist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
2009   Barack Obama   United States
2011   Ellen Johnson Sirleaf   Liberia
2011   Leymah Gbowee   Liberia
2018   Denis Mukwege   Democratic Republic of the Congo
2019   Abiy Ahmed   Ethiopia

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:

    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969

  2. ^ "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
  3. ^ "Unsung Heroes". Time. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  4. ^ "Wole Soyinka Biography". Nobelprize.org.
  5. ^ http://www.math.buffalo.edu/~sww/poetry/walcott_derek.html#bio/biblio
  6. ^ Grimes, William (1983-10-08). "Toni Morrison Is '93 Winner of Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  7. ^ Ralph Bunche, PBS.

External linksEdit