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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to dance:

Dance – human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting. Choreography is the art of making dances, and the person who does this is called a choreographer. Definitions of what constitutes dance are dependent on social, cultural, aesthetic, artistic and moral constraints and range from functional movement (such as Folk dance) to codified, virtuoso techniques such as ballet. A great many dances and dance styles are performed to dance music.


What type of thing is dance?Edit

Dance (also called "dancing") can be described as all of the following:

  • an activity or behavior
    • one of the arts – a creative endeavor or discipline.
      • one of the performing arts – art performed for an audience and existing in time rather than as a permanent object.
    • Hobby – regular activity or interest that is undertaken for pleasure, typically done during one's leisure time.
    • Exercise – bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
    • Recreation – leisure time activity
  • Motion – change in position over time.

Types of danceEdit

Type of dance – a particular dance or dance style. There are many varieties of dance. Dance categories are not mutually exclusive. For example, tango is traditionally a partner dance. While it is mostly social dance, its ballroom form may be competitive dance, as in DanceSport. At the same time it is enjoyed as performance dance, whereby it may well be a solo dance.

Dance genresEdit

Dance styles by number of interacting dancersEdit

  • Solo dance – a dance danced by an individual dancing alone.
  • Partner dance – dance with just 2 dancers, dancing together. In most partner dances, one, typically a man, is the leader; the other, typically a woman, is the follower. As a rule, they maintain connection with each other. In some dances the connection is loose and called dance handhold. In other dances the connection involves body contact.
  • Group dance – dance danced by a group of people simultaneously. Group dances are generally, but not always, coordinated or standardized in such a way that all the individuals in the group are dancing the same steps at the same time. Alternatively, various groups within the larger group may be dancing different, but complementary, parts of the larger dance.

Dance styles by main purposeEdit

Geography of dance (by region)Edit

West Africa  
BeninBurkina FasoCape VerdeCôte d'IvoireGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauLiberiaMaliMauritaniaNigerNigeriaSenegalSierra LeoneTogo
North Africa  
AlgeriaEgyptLibyaMauritaniaMoroccoSudanSouth SudanTunisiaWestern Sahara
Central Africa  
AngolaBurundiCameroonCentral African RepublicChadThe Democratic Republic of the CongoEquatorial GuineaGabonRepublic of the CongoRwandaSão Tomé and Príncipe
East Africa  
Southern Africa  
BotswanaLesothoNamibiaSouth AfricaSwaziland
Mayotte (France)St. Helena (UK)PuntlandSomalilandSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Central Asia
East Asia
Hong KongMacau
JapanNorth KoreaSouth KoreaMongoliaTaiwan
North Asia
Southeast Asia
BruneiBurma (Myanmar)CambodiaEast Timor (Timor-Leste)IndonesiaLaosMalaysiaPhilippinesSingaporeThailandVietnam
South Asia
AfghanistanBangladeshBhutanIranMaldivesNepalPakistanSri Lanka
West Asia
ArmeniaAzerbaijanBahrainCyprus (including disputed Northern Cyprus) • GeorgiaIraqIsraelJordanKuwaitLebanonOmanPalestinian territories QatarSaudi ArabiaSyriaTurkeyUnited Arab EmiratesYemen
Caucasus (a region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them)
North Caucasus
Parts of Russia (Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Adyghea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachai-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai)
South Caucasus
Georgia (including disputed Abkhazia, South Ossetia) • ArmeniaAzerbaijan (including disputed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic)
Akrotiri and DhekeliaÅlandAlbaniaAndorraArmeniaAustriaAzerbaijanBelarusBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFaroe IslandsFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGibraltarGreeceGuernseyHungaryIcelandIrelandIsle of ManItalyJerseyKazakhstanKosovoLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMaltaMoldova (including disputed Transnistria) • MonacoMontenegroNetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaRussiaSan MarinoSerbiaSlovakiaSlovenia
Autonomous communities of Spain: Catalonia
United Kingdom
EnglandNorthern IrelandScotlandWales
Vatican City
European Union
North America
Provinces of Canada:AlbertaBritish ColumbiaManitobaNew BrunswickNewfoundland and LabradorNova ScotiaOntario (Toronto) • Prince Edward IslandQuebecSaskatchewan
Territories of Canada: Northwest TerritoriesNunavutYukon
GreenlandSaint Pierre and Miquelon
United States  
Central America
BelizeCosta RicaEl SalvadorGuatemala • Honduras • NicaraguaPanama
AnguillaAntigua and BarbudaArubaBahamasBarbadosBermudaBritish Virgin IslandsCayman IslandsCubaDominicaDominican RepublicGrenadaHaitiJamaicaMontserratNetherlands AntillesPuerto RicoSaint BarthélemySaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint MartinSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesTrinidad and TobagoTurks and Caicos IslandsUnited States Virgin Islands
Oceania (includes the continent of Australia)
Dependencies/Territories of Australia
Christmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsNorfolk Island
New Zealand
FijiIndonesia (Oceanian part only) • New Caledonia (France) • Papua New GuineaSolomon IslandsVanuatu
Federated States of MicronesiaGuam (USA) • KiribatiMarshall IslandsNauruNorthern Mariana Islands (USA) • PalauWake Island (USA) •
American Samoa (USA) • Chatham Islands (NZ) • Cook Islands (NZ) • Easter Island (Chile) • French Polynesia (France) • Hawaii (USA) • Loyalty Islands (France) • Niue (NZ) • Pitcairn Islands (UK) • AdamstownSamoaTokelau (NZ) • TongaTuvaluWallis and Futuna (France)
South America  
ArgentinaBoliviaBrazilChileColombiaEcuadorFalkland IslandsGuyanaParaguayPeruSurinameUruguayVenezuela
South Atlantic
Ascension IslandSaint HelenaTristan da Cunha

History of danceEdit

Dance techniqueEdit

Dance cultureEdit

Dance scienceEdit

Dance organizationsEdit

Dance-related mediaEdit


See alsoEdit

External linksEdit