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List of amphibians and reptiles of Anguilla

Location of Anguilla in the Caribbean

This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found in the British overseas territory of Anguilla, located in the Lesser Antilles chain in the Caribbean. It comprises the main island of Anguilla, and many much smaller islands and cays that have no permanent human population.

AmphibiansEdit

There are two species of amphibian on Anguilla, both of which were introduced.

Frogs (Anura)Edit

Tree frogs (Hylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Osteopilus septentrionalis Cuban tree frog Least Concern.[1] Recently introduced, mostly through shipping containers; now "firmly established" on Anguilla.[2]  
Tropical frogs (Leptodactylidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Lesser Antillean whistling frog, coqui Antillano, Johnstone's whistling frog Least Concern. Recently introduced.  

ReptilesEdit

Including marine turtles and introduced species, there are 19 reptile species reported on Anguilla. Two are endemic and are restricted to small, uninhabited satellite islands: Censky's Ameiva (Pholidoscelis corax) and the Sombrero Ameiva (Pholidoscelis corvina).

Turtles (Testudines)Edit

Tortoises (Testudinidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Geochelone carbonaria Red-footed tortoise  
Scaly sea turtles (Cheloniidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Caretta caretta Loggerhead turtle Endangered. No reliable reports of nesting in Anguilla.[3]  
Chelonia mydas Green turtle Endangered. Recorded nesting in Anguilla, principally on Dog Island and the Prickly Pear Cays.  
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill turtle Critically Endangered. The principal nesting turtle species in Anguilla, with important sites on the main island, Dog Island, and the Prickly Pear Cays. A year-round forager.  
Leathery sea turtles (Dermochelyidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback turtle Critically Endangered. Rare in Anguilla. Recorded nesting on the main island and Scrub Island.  

Lizards and snakes (Squamata)Edit

Geckos (Gekkonidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Hemidactylus mabouia House gecko Introduced.  
Sphaerodactylus parvus Regionally endemic. Highly abundant. Formerly described as subspecies of Sphaerodactylus macrolepis chiefly found in the Greater Antilles until elevated to species level in 2001.[4]
Sphaerodactylus sputator Island least gecko Regional endemic. Highly abundant.  
Thecadactylus rapicauda Turnip-tailed gecko
Iguanas and anolids (Iguanidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Anolis carolinensis Green anole, Carolina anole, red-throated anole, American anole, American chameleon Recent introduction; native mainly to southeastern United States.[5]  
Anolis gingivinus Anguilla anole, Anguilla Bank anole Regional endemic. Widespread and common on the main island and its satellites.
Iguana delicatissima Lesser Antillean iguana, West Indian iguana Vulnerable. Regional endemic. Restricted to the Little Bay area. Only about 50 individuals were believed to remain on Anguilla in 1999.[6]  
Iguana iguana Green iguana, common iguana Colonized Anguilla due to either Hurricane Luis or Marilyn in 1995, by floating on natural rafts from Guadeloupe; has apparently since sustained a breeding population on Anguilla, possibly threatening the native I. delicatissima.[7]  
Whiptails (Teiidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Pholidoscelis corax Censky's ameiva Endemic. Restricted to the tiny islet of Little Scrub, off the coast of Scrub Island.
Pholidoscelis corvina Sombrero ameiva Endemic. Restricted to Sombrero Island.
Pholidoscelis plei Anguilla Bank ameiva Regional endemic. Common; found on the main island of Anguilla and most of its satellites.  
Skinks (Scincidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Mabuya mabouya[8] Regional endemic.  
Worm snakes (Typhlopidae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Ramphotyphlops braminus Brahminy blind snake, flowerpot blind snake Presence on Anguilla recently discovered. Widely distributed in the tropics, but limited in the Lesser Antilles.  
Colubrids (Colubridae)
Species Common name(s) Notes Image
Alsophis rijgersmaei Leeward Island racer Endangered. Regional endemic. Found on main island and Scrub Island.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Conservation status, where available, is from the IUCN Red List and is indicative of the status of the species as a whole, not just populations on Anguilla.
  2. ^ Townsend et al. 2000 describes sporadic sightings as early as the 1980s, but states that it was not entrenched until after 1999. Not recorded on Anguilla (or anywhere else in the Lesser Antilles) in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  3. ^ See Procter & Fleming 1999, p. 14 for a description of known sea turtle occurrence in Anguilla and its waters.
  4. ^ Powell & Henderson 2005, p. 72.
  5. ^ Powell & Henderson 2005, p. 70 (citing to Eaton, et al. (2001). Geographic distribution: Anolis carolinensis. Herpetol. Rev. 32:118). A. carolinensis is not reported in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999.
  6. ^ Procter & Fleming 1999, p. 14.
  7. ^ See Censky, Ellen J.; Hodge, Karim; Dudley, Judy (1998), "Over-water dispersal of lizards due to hurricanes", Nature, 395: 556, doi:10.1038/26886. Also reported in Yoon, Carol Kaesuk (October 8, 1998), Hapless Iguanas Float Away And Voyage Grips Biologists, The New York Times, retrieved March 10, 2010. This colonization is mentioned in Procter & Fleming 1999, p. 14, and in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, p. 56, though I. iguana is not included in the species checklist for Anguilla.
  8. ^ Though reported in Malhotra & Thorpe 1999 as M. bistriata, the Anguilla population has been reassigned.

ReferencesEdit

Note: All species listed above are supported by Malhotra & Thorpe 1999, unless otherwise cited.