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This is a list of Muslim scientists who have contributed significantly to science and civilization.

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Contents

Astronomers and astrologersEdit

anzar Iqbal shar (1036-1150)

Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologistsEdit

Chemists and alchemistsEdit

Economists and social scientistsEdit

Geographers and earth scientistsEdit

MathematiciansEdit

Further information: Islamic mathematics: Biographies

PhilosophersEdit

For a detailed list of Muslim philosophers, refer to the List of Muslim philosophers, for an exhaustive list of widely-known philosophers with Muslim faith or Islamic background, including modern day philosophers from Muslim community, a list is given here;

Physicians and surgeonsEdit

Physicists and engineersEdit

Political scientistsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Haque 2004, p. 375.
  2. ^ Saoud 2004.
  3. ^ Haque 2004, p. 361.
  4. ^ Deuraseh & Abu Talib 2005.
  5. ^ Haque 2004, p. 362.
  6. ^ Haque 2004, p. 363.
  7. ^ a b c Martin-Araguz et al. 2002.
  8. ^ Khaleefa 1999.
  9. ^ Iqbal 1934.
  10. ^ Safavi-Abbasi, Brasiliense & Workman 2007.
  11. ^ Nasr & Leaman 1996.
  12. ^ Russell 1994.
  13. ^ a b Death and Dying 2009.
  14. ^ Siddique 2009.
  15. ^ Meyers, Golden & Peterson 2009.
  16. ^ Warren 2005.
  17. ^ Zahoor 1997.
  18. ^ Vallely 2006.
  19. ^ "All Nobel Laureates in Chemistry". The Nobel Prize.
  20. ^ Rosenthal 1950, p. 559.
  21. ^ a b c Ahmed 1984.
  22. ^ Khan 2000.
  23. ^ Ahmed 2002.
  24. ^ a b c Mowlana 2001.
  25. ^ Abdalla 2007.
  26. ^ Ahmed 1999.
  27. ^ a b Akhtar 1997.
  28. ^ Oweiss 1988.
  29. ^ Boulakia 1971.
  30. ^ ul Haq 1995.
  31. ^ Sen 2000.
  32. ^ "Mas'udi, al-". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.
  33. ^ Gari 2002.
  34. ^ Gandz 1936.
  35. ^ Nanisetti 2006.
  36. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Abu'l Hasan ibn Ali al Qalasadi", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
  37. ^ Al Deek 2004.
  38. ^ Thiele 2005.
  39. ^ Al-Khalili 2009.
  40. ^ Rozhanskaya & Levinova 1996.
  41. ^ Bond 2003.
  42. ^ Blair 1995.
  43. ^ IslamOnline 2008.

ReferencesEdit

  • Haque, Amber (2004). "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists". Journal of Religion and Health. 43 (4): 357–377.
  • Saoud, R (March 2004). "The Arab Contribution to the Music of the Western World" (PDF). Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilization. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
  • Deuraseh, Nurdeen; Abu Talib, Mansor (2005). "Mental health in Islamic medical tradition". The International Medical Journal. 4 (2): 76–79.
  • Martin-Araguz, A.; Bustamante-Martinez, C.; Fernandez-Armayor, Ajo V.; Moreno-Martinez, J. M. (2002). "Neuroscience in al-Andalus and its influence on medieval scholastic medicine". Revista de neurología. 34 (9): 877–892.
  • Iqbal, Muhammad (1934). "The Spirit of Muslim Culture". The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Oxford University Press. OCLC 934310562.
  • Rosenthal, Franz (1950). "Al-Asturlabi and as-Samaw'al on Scientific Progress". Osiris. 9: 555–564.
  • "Additional Lifespan Development Topics: Theories on Death and Dying" (PDF). McGraw-Hill Companies. 2009. p. 4.
  • Khaleefa, Omar (Summer 1999). "Who Is the Founder of Psychophysics and Experimental Psychology?". American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. 16 (2).
  • Blair, Betty (1995). "Behind Soviet Aeronauts". Azerbaijan International. 3 (3).
  • Bond, Peter (7 April 2003). "Obituary: Lt-Gen Kerim Kerimov". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2009-04-13.
  • Ahmed, Akbar S. (1984). "Al-Beruni: The First Anthropologist". RAIN. 60: 9–10.
  • Gandz, Solomon (1936). "The sources of al-Khwarizmi's algebra". Osiris. 1: 263–277.
  • Nanisetti, Serish (June 23, 2006). "Father of algorithms and algebra". The Hindu.
  • "Farouk El-Baz: With Apollo to the Moon". IslamOnline. Archived from the original on 2008-02-21.
  • Rozhanskaya, Mariam; Levinova, I. S. (1996). "Statics". In Rashed, Roshdi (ed.). Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science. 2. London: Routledge. p. 642.
  • Al-Khalili, Jim (2009-01-04). "The 'first true scientist'". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  • Thiele, Rüdiger (2005). "In Memoriam: Matthias Schramm". Arabic Sciences and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. 15: 329–331.
  • Al Deek, Mahmoud (November–December 2004). "Ibn Al-Haitham: Master of Optics, Mathematics, Physics and Medicine". Al Shindagah.
  • Mowlana, H. (2001). "Information in the Arab World". Cooperation South Journal. 1.
  • Abdalla, Mohamad (Summer 2007). "Ibn Khaldun on the Fate of Islamic Science after the 11th Century". Islam & Science. 5 (1): 61–7.
  • Ahmed, Salahuddin (1999). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-356-9.
  • Akhtar, S. W. (1997). "The Islamic Concept of Knowledge". Al-Tawhid: A Quarterly Journal of Islamic Thought & Culture. 12 (3).
  • Oweiss, I. M. (1988). "Ibn Khaldun, the Father of Economics". Arab Civilization: Challenges and Responses. New York University Press. ISBN 0-88706-698-4.
  • Boulakia, Jean David C. (1971). "Ibn Khaldun: A Fourteenth-Century Economist". The Journal of Political Economy. 79 (5): 1105–1118.
  • Sen, Amartya (2000). "A Decade of Human Development". Journal of Human Development. 1 (1): 17–23.
  • ul Haq, Mahbub (1995). Reflections on Human Development. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510193-6.
  • Safavi-Abbasi, S; Brasiliense, LBC; Workman, RK (2007). "The fate of medical knowledge and the neurosciences during the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire". Neurosurgical Focus. 23 (1): 3.
  • Nasr, Seyyed Hossein; Leaman, Oliver (1996). History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 315, 1022–1023. ISBN 0-415-13159-6.
  • Russell, G. A. (1994). The 'Arabick' Interest of the Natural Philosophers in Seventeenth-Century England. Brill Publishers. pp. 224–262. ISBN 90-04-09459-8.
  • Siddique, Md. Zakaria (2009). "Reviewing the Phenomenon of Death—A Scientific Effort from the Islamic World". Death Studies. 33 (2). doi:10.1080/07481180802602824.
  • Meyers, Karen; Golden, Robert N.; Peterson, Fred (2009). The Truth about Death and Dying. Infobase Publishing. p. 106.
  • Warren, John (2005). "War and the Cultural Heritage of Iraq: a sadly mismanaged affair". Third World Quarterly. 26, (4 & 5): 815–830.
  • Zahoor, A. (1997). "JABIR IBN HAIYAN (Geber)". University of Indonesia. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30.
  • Vallely, Paul (11 March 2006). "How Islamic inventors changed the world". The Independent.
  • Ahmed, Akbar (2002). "Ibn Khaldun's Understanding of Civilizations and the Dilemmas of Islam and the West Today". Middle East Journal. 56 (1): 5.
  • Khan, Zafarul-Islam (15 January 2000). "At The Threshold Of A New Millennium – II". The Milli Gazette.
  • Gari, L. (2002). "Arabic Treatises on Environmental Pollution up to the End of the Thirteenth Century". Environment and History. 8 (4): 475–488.