The Limidae or file shells are members of the only family of bivalve molluscs in the order Limida.[1] The family includes 130 living species, assigned to 10 genera. Widely distributed in all seas from shallow to deep waters, the species are usually epifaunal or nestling, with many species building byssal nests for protection. The majority of species are capable of irregular swimming by waving their long mantle tentacles.

Limidae species.JPG
Ctenoides ales
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorphia
Order: Limida
Moore, 1952
Superfamily: Limoidea
Rafinesque, 1815
Family: Limidae
Rafinesque, 1815

See text



  1. ^ Limoida Moore, 1952. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 7 July 2010.
  • "Limidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  • Powell, A. W. B. (1979). New Zealand Mollusca. Auckland, New Zealand: William Collins Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-00-216906-1.