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Liinakhamari (Russian: Лиинахамари; Finnish: Liinahamari; Swedish: Linhammar) is an ice-free harbor and a rural locality in Pechengsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia. The harbor belonged to Finland from 1920 until 1944 when it was handed over to the Soviet Union.
|Federal subject||Murmansk Oblast|
|Administrative district||Pechengsky District|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 81554|
Liinakhamari was handed over to Finland after the Treaty of Tartu in 1920. Liinakhamari was Finland's only ocean harbor. The so-called Arctic Ocean Highway from Rovaniemi to Liinakhamari was ready by 1931. The harbor housed a toll, a fish factory, and a hotel. The harbor was extended by the end of the 1930s.
During the Russo-Finnish Winter War, the Soviet Union conquered Liinakhamari, but it was given back to Finland in the Moscow Peace Treaty. During 1940–1941, the peace-time period between the Winter War and the Continuation War, Liinakhamari was Finland's and Sweden's only route past the German and Soviet areas of influence. Ten thousand men were working along the Arctic Sea Road helping thousands of trucks to transport cargo from the northernmost railway station in Rovaniemi to Liinakhamari harbor. The trip was almost 1,100 kilometres (700 mi) north along the narrow gravelled road, in the middle of sparsely inhabited Arctic taiga.
During the Continuation War 1941–1944 Liinakhamari was governed by German forces. The harbor was attacked by Royal Air Force Fairey Albacore and Fairey Swordfish bomber aircraft on 30 July 1941. Fairey Fulmar fighters were covering the bombers. (See Raid on Kirkenes and Petsamo.) The United Kingdom announced the declaration of war between UK and Finland half a year later.
Finnish civilians were evacuated when the Lapland War between Germany and Finland broke out in the autumn of 1944. The harbor was captured from the Germans by Soviet troops on 12 October 1944. Liinakhamari was handed over to the Soviet Union according to agreements of the Moscow armistice.
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- Статистический сборник Численность, размещение и возрастно-половой состав населения Мурманской области. Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения. Том 1. 2012 Archived 2012-12-22 at the Wayback Machine / Федеральная служба государственной статистики, Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Мурманской области. Мурманск, 2012 — 75 с.
- "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
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- Media related to Liinakhamari at Wikimedia Commons