The Slovenian First Football League (Slovene: Prva slovenska nogometna liga, pronounced [ˈpərʋa slɔˈʋeːnska nɔɡɔˈmɛtna ˈliːɡa]), currently named Prva liga Telekom Slovenije [ˈpərʋa ˈliːɡa ˈteːlɛkɔm slɔˈʋeːnijɛ] due to sponsorship reasons, also known by the abbreviation 1. SNL, is the main football league in Slovenia, and was formed in 1991 after Slovenia became an independent country. From 1920 until the end of the 1990–91 season, the Slovenian Republic League was a lower division of the Yugoslavian league football system. The league is currently governed by the Football Association of Slovenia. Between 2001 and 2012 the league was governed by the Association of 1. SNL. Celje and Maribor are the only two founding clubs that have never been relegated from the league since its foundation in 1991.
|Number of teams||10|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||2. SNL|
|Domestic cup(s)||Slovenian Cup|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Maribor (15th title) |
|Most championships||Maribor (15 titles)|
|Most appearances||Sebastjan Gobec (488)|
|Top goalscorer||Marcos Tavares (148)|
|TV partners||Planet TV|
|2019–20 Slovenian PrvaLiga|
The league was established after the independence of Slovenia in 1991, originally containing 21 clubs. Before that, top Slovenian teams competed in Yugoslav football league system for the national title of Yugoslavia. Only Ilirija, ASK Primorje and after a forced merger of the two teams in 1936, SK Ljubljana reached the country's highest division, Yugoslav First League, before the World War II. Olimpija, Maribor and Nafta were the only Slovenian teams who participated in the top division between 1945 and the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991. While being a part of the Yugoslav football system, most of the Slovenian clubs competed for the title of regional champions in the Slovenian Republic Football League. However, the republic league was officially the third tier of football most of the time and the competition was usually without the top Slovenian clubs, who played in the Yugoslav Second League or the country's top division.
Following the independence of Slovenia, the Football Association of Slovenia separated from the Football Association of Yugoslavia and created their own football competitions. For the first time in history, top Slovenian clubs competed in the newly formed Slovenian football league for the title of Slovenian champion. Of the founding clubs in the PrvaLiga, only Maribor, Gorica and Celje have not been relegated. The format and the number of clubs in the league has changed over time, ranging from 21 clubs in the first season to 10 clubs in its present form.
Olimpija won the first title. They had a long tradition of playing in the Yugoslav first league and their squad was still composed of players from that era. Olimpija dominated the league and won a further three championships before Gorica won their first in the 1995–96 season. Following Gorica's success, Maribor won their first championship in 1997. This started a record-breaking streak of seven successive league championships which came to an end when Gorica won their second title in the 2003–04 season. The club from Nova Gorica went on to win an additional two titles, becoming the third club to win three consecutive championships. During the 2006–07 season Domžale, a club that played in the Slovenian second division three seasons earlier, won their first title, a feat they repeated the next season. Following the 2008–09 season, Maribor became the major force in Slovenian football for the second time, having won eight out of eleven championships since then.
Maribor is the most successful club; they have won the championship 15 times. Seven of Maribor's titles came during the late 1990s and early 2000s when the club was led alternately by managers Bojan Prašnikar, Ivo Šušak and Matjaž Kek. Darko Milanič has led the club to four championships between 2009 and 2013. Olimpija has won four titles, all in successive years between 1992 and 1995. In addition, Olimpija is the only Slovenian football champion no longer in existence, having been dissolved by the end of the 2004–05 season when they filed for bankruptcy. Tied with four championships is Gorica who won their first title in 1996 and an additional three in successive years between 2004 and 2006. Domžale and Olimpija Ljubljana have won two titles each, followed by Koper, who won their only championship in 2010. Maribor has won the Slovenian version of the double the most; they have won the league and cup four times in the same season. The current champions are Maribor, who won the 2018–19 edition.
Since 1991, the league has been named after sponsors on several occasions, giving it the following names:
|1991–1999||No sponsor||1. SNL|
|2004–2006||Si.mobil Vodafone||Liga Si.mobil Vodafone|
|2006–2009||Telekom Slovenije||Prva liga Telekom Slovenije|
|2009–2013||No sponsor||Prva liga|
|2013–present||Telekom Slovenije||Prva liga Telekom Slovenije|
PrvaLiga is contested on a round robin basis. Each team plays each other four times, twice at home and twice away, for the total of 36 rounds. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points and if two teams are tied, head-to-head score is used as the first classification criteria. The top clubs at the end of the season are awarded a qualifying spot in the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League, with the ninth placed team being qualified for relegation play-offs and the bottom one being relegated to the Slovenian Second League.
The current system is in use since 2005. Between 1993 and 1995, regular double round robin format with 16 clubs was used, before being replaced with the current ten-club system for three seasons until 1998. Triple round-robin with twelve clubs and two direct relegations was then used between 1998 and 2003, when division of league into championship and relegation group was introduced for two seasons.
Performance by clubEdit
|Maribor||15||6||1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2016–17, 2018–19|
|Gorica||4||5||1995–96, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06|
|Olimpija (defunct)||4||3||1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95|
|Olimpija Ljubljana||2||3||2015–16, 2017–18|
- Below is the list of clubs that are members of the 2018–19 Slovenian PrvaLiga season. The information and the statistics shown in the table are correct as of the end of 2017–18 season.
|Reigning champions, winners of the previous season|
|Runners-up of the previous season|
|Promoted from Slovenian Second League, 2. SNL|
|Club||Position in 2017–18||PrvaLiga debut||PrvaLiga seasons||First season of
(number of titles)
|Mura||2. SNL, 1st (promoted)||2018–19||0||2018–19||—|
|Olimpija Ljubljana||Champions||2009–10||9||2009–10||2017–18 (2)|
Correct as of 9 May 2019. The table shows the position of the Slovenian PrvaLiga, based on their UEFA coefficient country ranking, and four foreign leagues which are closest to PrvaLiga's position (two leagues with the higher coefficient and two with the lower coefficient).
|Rank 2019||Rank 2018||Mvmt.||League||2014–15||2015–16||2016–17||2017–18||2018–19||Coeff.|
|30||32||+2||Slovak Super Liga||2.750||3.750||2.125||1.875||5.125||15.625|
|33||36||+3||Nemzeti Bajnokság I||2.125||1.625||1.875||1.625||3.250||10.500|
- As of 30 May 2019
The current trophy is being presented since the 2012–13 season and was designed by Mirko Bratuša, a sculptor from Negova. It depicts a ball with eleven star-shaped holes and inside there are eleven players holding together and looking at the sky. It is made of brass, bronze and gold and it weighs 13 kilograms (29 lb; 2 st 1 lb).
First Player of the Season awards were presented by Slovenian newspaper Dnevnik in the early 1990s. Since 2004, the awards are organised by the Union of Professional Football Players of Slovenia (SPINS).
Player of the Season
Goalkeeper of the Season
Young player of the Season
Manager awards weren't presented between 2012 and 2019.
Manager of the Season
The league was broadcast by public broadcasting television, RTV Slovenija, for years. From 2008 until 2012, they had joint broadcasts with Šport TV, and from 2013 until 2015 with Planet TV. In the 2015–16 and 2016–17 seasons, the league has been broadcast exclusively on Kanal A. In the 2017–18 season, the league was broadcast jointly by Kanal A and Šport TV. In the first round of the season, all five games were broadcast live for the first time in the league history. From the 2018–19 season onwards, the league is being broadcast jointly by Planet TV and RTV Slovenija.
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- Sportal (20 May 2011). "Zgodovina 1. SNL" [History of 1. SNL] (in Slovenian). Siol. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Zgodovina" [History] (in Slovenian). Association of 1. SNL. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Zgodovina" [History] (in Slovenian). Football Association of Slovenia. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "ND Ilirija: Zgodovina" [ND Ilirija: History] (in Slovenian). ND Ilirija Ljubljana. Retrieved 27 May 2012.[permanent dead link]
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- NK Maribor. "Zgodovina 1991–2000" [History 1991–2000] (in Slovenian). NK Maribor. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Zgodovina 2001–2010" [History 2001–2010] (in Slovenian). NK Maribor. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- STA, rk (4 June 2013). "Milanič odhaja v Sturm Graz: »Po malem se je kuhalo že nekaj časa«" (in Slovenian). Dnevnik. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
- "Osebna izkaznica" (in Slovenian). NK Maribor. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "NADALJUJE SE LIGA SI.MOBIL" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. 23 November 2003. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Liga Si.mobil Vodafone" (in Slovenian). 24ur.com. 6 August 2005. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Telekom Slovenije pokrovitelj slovenskih nogometašev" (in Slovenian). finance.si. 5 June 2006. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Nov sponzor Prve Lige: Telekom Slovenije" (in Slovenian). SNPortal.si. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "1. SNL". Soccerway. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "UEFA Country Coefficients". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "UEFA Country Ranking 2018". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
- "Statistični pregled (vse sezone)" [Statistical overview (all seasons)] (in Slovenian). Slovenian PrvaLiga. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- NZS/MaK (24 May 2013). "Nov pokal za prvaka Prve lige Telekom Slovenije" (in Slovenian). Football Association of Slovenia. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- gb/dr (7 December 1994). "Džoni Novak nogometaš leta" (in Slovenian). STA. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- rp/ts (20 January 1996). "Bralci Dnevnika izbrali Valentinčiča" (in Slovenian). STA. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- SPINS XI 2004
- SPINS XI 2005
- SPINS XI 2006
- SPINS XI 2007–08
- SPINS XI 2008–09
- SPINS XI 2009–10
- SPINS XI 2010–11
- SPINS XI 2011–12
- SPINS XI 2012–13
- SPINS XI 2013–14
- SPINS XI 2014–15
- Najboljša nogometaša sezone sta Rok Kronaveter in Manja Rogan
- Najboljši nogometaš sezone 2016/2017 je Dare Vršič
- Senijad Ibričić igralec sezone v 1. SNL!
- "Prva liga na Kanalu A: Kdo lahko z vrha zrine Maribor?" (in Slovenian). 24ur.com. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Vseh pet tekem PLTS v TV prenosih, Ankarančani v Dravogradu" (in Slovenian). Slovenian PrvaLiga. 13 July 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- Planet TV (14 June 2018). "Neposredni prenos žreba parov Prve lige Telekom Slovenije na Planet TV" (in Slovenian). Siol. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- R. K. (19 June 2018). "Prva liga se vrača na Televizijo Slovenija" (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. Retrieved 19 June 2018.