Lifetime Entertainment Services
Lifetime Entertainment Services (LES) is an American entertainment industry company, whose media properties are focused on women. Lifetime Entertainment Services is a subsidiary of A&E Networks, a joint venture of Hearst Communications (50%) and The Walt Disney Company (50%).
|Limited liability company (formerly: joint venture)|
|Predecessor||Hearst-ABC Video Services|
Cable Health Network
New York City,
|Services||Cable Television Networks|
On-Line Information Services
Hearst-ABC Video ServicesEdit
ABC and the Hearst Corporation in January 1981 formed a joint venture, Hearst/ABC Video Services (HAVS), to provide programming to Alpha Repertory Television Service and launch BETA, a women's cable service, later that year. Beta was supposed to operate four hours a day and be supported by advertising. HAVS instead launched the service under the name Daytime in March 1982.
Cable Health NetworkEdit
Cable Health Network was a 24-hour cable channel launched by Viacom with health-related programming in June 1982. In November 1983, Cable Health Network channel was renamed Lifetime Medical Television.
In June 1983, Hearst-ABC Video Services and Viacom International agreed that each has an equal share for ABC, Hearst and Viacom held by Hearst-ABC Video Services and Cable Health Network in the joint venture, Hearst/ABC-Viacom Entertainment Services, containing the merged Daytime and Lifetime Medical Television satellite channel.
Hearst/ABC-Viacom Entertainment ServicesEdit
Lifetime committed $25 million to produce talk show programming, but very little worked with the audience. So by the end of 1985, Lifetime was $16 million in debt. Lifetime added more original programming to diversify its audience while programming a medical block on Sunday with all the medical talk shows which attracted pharmaceutical advertisers bringing in 25% of the network's revenue. By 1986, the talk shows were canceled and the company was $36 million in debt.
Lifetime instead refocused its programming towards women in 1987 and acquired second run syndicated programming and off-network shows. Beginning in the early 1990, Lifetime began producing multiple, original telefilms each year targeting the female audience. Over the next decade, the original movies boosted Lifetime TV's ratings, and successfully launched the "Television for Women" era and brand. .
In September 1991, HAVES launched Healthlink Television, which created health and wellness content, and provided the equipment to broadcast it into doctors' offices... Eventually, and to focus on its original content to support its women-centric brand, HAVES agreed to sell Healthlink TV to Whittle Communications.
In October 1991, HAVES reorganized the company to have five group vice-presidents run the company so the CEO/President can focus on new programming acquisitions, the startup of new programming ventures, and to develop growth strategies; putting plans into motion that increased budgets for original content produced in New York and California by 50%.
In 1993, and to better utilize its existing NY studio facilities that independently operated at the Kaufman Astoria Studios (KAS) complex, "Lifetime Studios" was created as an anchor KAS tenant and as a stand-alone profit center for the company. The 100,000 square foot digital facility was intended to produce the network's NY-based original programming, as well as to provide studios, post-production, equipment and personnel for third party productions. During the next 12 years, under the aegis of Vice-President/General Manager Mitchell Brill, the studios and its production management and engineering team supported the production of thousands of hours of network content, and was simultaneously home to over 400 projects for an array of other global media companies.
Among the many projects were long-running, award-winning children's television productions; PBS's "Where in the World is Carmen San Diego", "Where in Time is Carmen San Diego" and "Between the Lions", Jim Henson Television's "Bear in the Big Blue House", and "Out of the Box" for the Disney Channel. Additionally, many music and entertainment programs originated from the studios, including; Top of the Pops for the BBC, MTV's Unplugged, A&E's "Live Upon Request", and PBS's "Great Performances". For 10 years, one studio was exclusively dedicated for Lifetime's morning block of talk, cooking and craft programming, including chef Bobby Flay's first show, Main Ingredient. In 1995, HAVES had ABC News produce a two-hour political special for Lifetime, and then a daily live news show that aired for two seasons.
By 2000, entering the first dotcom era of emerging television and internet platforms, Lifetime Studios provided the facilities and technical expertise for some of the first interactive, cross-platform projects and companies, while also pushing to the forefront of the use of tapeless, server-based hardware and software for television production. Dubbed a "studio of the future", Lifetime Studios was an industry leader until operations ceased upon the expiration of its lease in 2005.
Lifetime Entertainment ServicesEdit
Viacom sold its stake in April 1994 to Hearst and Cap Cities/ABC becoming at some point Lifetime Entertainment Services (LES). For 1996, LES committed $100 million towards original programming. In 1996, the channel's website was launched, Lifetimetv.com. With its recent involvement in sponsoring and programming women sports, the company started a sports division. Lifetime in fall 1998 spins off a new cable channel, Lifetime Movie Network.
In November 1998, it was announced that CEO Douglas McCormick's contract would not be renewed when it was up at the end of the year. Although Lifetime staff members reportedly were "dumbfounded" because the network had been so financially successful during McCormick's tenure, board members wanted someone who would "bring more vision" to the company. Board members reportedly were so insistent upon hiring a woman to replace McCormick that at one point during negotiations when his contract was about to expire, McCormick threatened to bring a sex-discrimination lawsuit against them, but decided against it.
In 1999, LES started up its own in house production unit. In 2001, LES launched another spin off channel, Lifetime Real Women and published its first Lifetime imprint book. The company purchased a 4.6% equity stake in Women.com Networks Inc. in September 2000.
In April 2004, Lifetime launched Lifetime Radio for Women, a daily nationally syndicated four-hour morning show mixing adult contemporary music, live caller interaction, celebrity guests and lively discussions about the topics relating to women. In partnership with Jones Radio Networks, the service aired Monday to Friday from 5 to 9 a.m. or 6 to 10 a.m., depending on the market.
On August 27, 2009, as part of a corporate restructuring A&E Television Networks (another subsidiary of ABC and Hearst that handled cable networks) acquired Lifetime Entertainment Services. Nancy Dubuc became Lifetime's president and general manager in April 2010.
- Lifetime Movies (launched in 1998)
- Lifetime Real Women (launched in 2001)
- Lifetime Movie Club
- Lifetime Radio for Women (launched in April 2004)
- Lifetime Press
- Lifetime Digital
- Lifetime Entertainment Services History. International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 32. St. James Press, 2000. Hosted on Funding Universe.com. Retrieved on December 4, 2013.
- "ABC and Hearst Set Up Women's Cable TV; ABC and Hearst Set Up Cable TV Unit for Women". New York Times. January 30, 1981. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- (June 15, 1983) Hearst-ABC, Viacom in Pact. New York Times.
- (September 16, 1991 https://www.nytimes.com/1991/09/16/business/whittle-deal-for-healthlink.html Whittle Deal For Healthlink]. New York Times (The Associated Press).
- (October 1, 1990) "Lifetime parent restructures to focus on expansion. (Hearst/ABC-Viacom Services)." Multichannel News. HighBeam Research. Accessed on December 9, 2013.
- Katz, Richard. "McCormick Exits as Lifetime Prexy." Variety, November 29, 1998. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- Hofmeister, Sallie. "Lifetime Expected to Name Its First Female CEO." Los Angeles Times, February 15, 1999. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- (September 13, 2000) Lifetime Buys Women.com Stake. (Reuters). Accessed on December 9, 2013.
- Betty Cohen Named President and CEO of Lifetime Entertainment Services, Disney.com, March 31, 2005.
- A&E Acquires Lifetime, Variety.com, August 27, 2009
- A&E Networks, Lifetime Merger Completed, Broadcasting & Cable, August 27, 2009
- Lifetime Television Gets a New Chief Who Plans to Make Changes, Los Angeles Times, April 28, 2010.
- Kenneally, Tim. (April 27, 2011) Demi Moore Strikes Multi-Project Deal With Lifetime. The Wrap.com.
- Company Overview of Lifetime Entertainment Services, LLC. Businessweek.com.