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The Lieutenant Governor of Maryland is the second highest-ranking official in the executive branch of the state government of Maryland in the United States. He or she is elected on the same ticket as the Governor of Maryland and must meet the same qualifications.

Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
Coat of arms of Maryland.svg
Coat of arms of the state of Maryland
Boyd Rutherford, Lieutenant Governor.jpg
Incumbent
Boyd Rutherford

since January 21, 2015
Style
Term lengthFour years, renewable once, but renewable again after a 4-year respite.
Inaugural holderBlair Lee III
FormationJanuary 1971
WebsiteOffice of the Lieutenant Governor

The current Lieutenant Governor is Boyd Rutherford.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The position was first created by the Maryland Constitution of 1864. Under that system of government, the lieutenant governor served as president of the Senate and would assume the office of governor if the incumbent should die, resign, be removed, or be disqualified.

The state's present constitution, adopted in 1867, abolished the lieutenant governorship. However, the position was re-established by a constitutional amendment ratified on November 3, 1970.

Duties and responsibilitiesEdit

Under the 1970 amendment, the Lieutenant Governor "shall have only the duties delegated to him by the Governor." Maryland's lieutenant governorship is thus weaker than the office in several, but not all, other states that have one. For instance, in many states, including Texas, the lieutenant governor is the president of the state's Senate and in California the Lieutenant Governor assumes all of the Governor's powers when he or she is out of the state. In both of those states, as in some others, the lieutenant governor is elected in his or her own right, independently of the state's governor.

In practice, Maryland's lieutenant governor attends cabinet meetings, chairs various task forces and commissions, represents the state at ceremonial functions and at events with or without the governor, and advises the governor. If the governor dies, resigns or is removed from office (via impeachment), the lieutenant governor becomes governor. A vacancy in the lieutenant governorship is filled by a person nominated by the governor and confirmed by a majority vote of the General Assembly voting in joint session.

List of lieutenant governorsEdit

Parties

  Unionist (1)   Democratic (6)   Republican (2)

Lt. Governors under the Maryland Constitution of 1864Edit

# Image Lt. Governor Party Term
1   Christopher C. Cox Unionist 1865–1868

Lt. Governors under the Maryland Constitution of 1867Edit

Constitution amended November 4, 1970 to create Lt. Governor position.

# Image Lt. Governor Party Term start Term end Governor
2 Blair Lee III Democrat 20 January 1971 17 January 1979 Marvin Mandel
3   Samuel W. Bogley Democrat 17 January 1979 19 January 1983 Harry Hughes
4   J. Joseph Curran, Jr. Democrat 19 January 1983 21 January 1987
5   Melvin A. Steinberg Democrat 21 January 1987 18 January 1995 William D. Schaefer
6   Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Democrat 18 January 1995 15 January 2003 Parris Glendening
7   Michael Steele Republican 15 January 2003 17 January 2007 Bob Ehrlich
8   Anthony G. Brown Democrat 17 January 2007 21 January 2015 Martin O'Malley
9   Boyd Rutherford Republican 21 January 2015 Incumbent Larry Hogan

Living former Lieutenant Governors of MarylandEdit

As of January 2019, there are six former lieutenant governors of Maryland who are currently living at this time, the oldest lieutenant governor of Maryland being J. Joseph Curran, Jr. (served 1983–1987, born 1931). The most recent death of a former lieutenant governor of Maryland was that of Blair Lee III (served 1971–1979, born 1916), on October 25, 1985.

Lt. Governor Lt. Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Samuel W. Bogley 1979–1983 (1941-11-16) November 16, 1941 (age 77)
J. Joseph Curran, Jr. 1983–1987 (1931-07-07) July 7, 1931 (age 87)
Melvin A. Steinberg 1987–1995 (1933-10-04) October 4, 1933 (age 85)
Kathleen Kennedy Townsend 1995–2003 (1951-07-04) July 4, 1951 (age 67)
Michael S. Steele 2003–2007 (1958-10-24) October 24, 1958 (age 60)
Anthony G. Brown 2007–2015 (1961-11-21) November 21, 1961 (age 57)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Maryland State Archives. (October 29, 2004). Maryland Manual On-Line: A Guide to Maryland Government. "Lieutenant Governor". Retrieved May 9, 2005.