Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana

The lieutenant governor of Louisiana (French: Lieutenant-Gouverneur de la Louisiane) is the second highest state office in Louisiana. The current lieutenant governor is Billy Nungesser, a Republican. The lieutenant governor is also the commissioner of the Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation & Tourism.

Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
Lieutenant-Gouverneur de la Louisiane
Billy Nungesser 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Billy Nungesser

since January 11, 2016
AppointerPopular election
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderTrasimond Landry
Formation1846
Succession1st

Paul J. Hardy, who served from 1988 to 1992, was the first Republican to be elected to the position since the Reconstruction Era. This was largely because of the racial suppression in state politics during the first half and more of the 20th century.

Following Reconstruction, conservative white Democrats regained control of the state political power and passed legislation that disenfranchised most African Americans, who were majority Republicans. It was not until after passage of civil rights legislation that most African Americans regained their ability to vote. But party alignments changed and since the late 20th century, most conservative whites are aligned with the Republican Party in Louisiana and most African Americans with the Democratic Party.

HistoryEdit

The office was established by the Louisiana Constitution of 1845. Prior to that, the successor to the governor in the event of his death or resignation was the President of the Louisiana State Senate.[1][2] A number of state senate presidents succeeded governors before the 1845 Constitution was adopted, including Henry S. Thibodaux, Armand Beauvais and Jacques Dupre.

The lieutenant governor presided over the Louisiana Senate from 1845 until the adoption of the Louisiana Constitution of 1974. Today, the lieutenant governor exercises powers delegated to him or her by the governor as provided by law. She or he also becomes governor if the previous governor dies, resigns or is removed from office via impeachment & conviction. If the governor is unable to act as governor, or is out of state, the lieutenant governor assumes the governors powers and duties as acting governor. Under the constitution, the lieutenant governor no longer serves as ex officio president of the senate, but is made an ex officio member of each committee, board and commission on which the governor serves. (Louisiana Constitution Article IV, Section 6) Additionally, the lieutenant governor serves as commissioner of the Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation & Tourism.

List of lieutenant governorsEdit

Parties

  Independent (0)   Democratic (46)   Republican (8)

1846–1860Edit

No. Lt. governor Took office Left office Party Notes Governor
1 Trasimond Landry 1846 1850 Democratic [2][3] Isaac Johnson
2 Jean Baptiste Plauche   1850 1853 Democratic [2][3][4][5] Joseph Marshall Walker
3 William Wood Farmer 1853 1854 Democratic [2][3][6] Paul Octave Hébert
4 Robert C. Wickliffe   1854 1856 Democratic [7][8] Paul Octave Hébert
5 Charles Homer Mouton 1856 1856 Democratic [2][3][9] Robert C. Wickliffe
6 William F. Griffin 1856 1860 Democratic [2][3][10] Robert C. Wickliffe

Civil War eraEdit

Lieutenant governors of Confederate LouisianaEdit

No. Lt. governor Took office Left office Party Notes Governor
7 Henry M. Hyams 1860 1864 Democratic Thomas Overton Moore
8 Benjamin W. Pearce 1864 1865 Democratic Henry Watkins Allen

Lieutenant governors of Union-held territory in LouisianaEdit

No. Lt. governor Took office Left office Party Notes Governor
9 James M. Wells   1864 1865 Democrat Michael Hahn (Republican)
10 Albert Voorhies 1865 1866 Democrat James Madison Wells (Democrat)

Resumption of U.S. statehoodEdit

No. Lt. governor Took office Left office Party Notes Governor
11 Oscar J. Dunn   1868 1871 Republican Henry C. Warmoth (Republican)
12 P. B. S. Pinchback   1871 1872 Republican Henry C. Warmoth (Republican)
13 Davidson B. Penn 1873 1873 Democratic; Liberal Republican John McEnery (Democratic; Liberal Republican)
14 C.C. Antoine   1873 1877 Republican William P. Kellogg (Republican) 1873-1877
Stephen B. Packard (Republican) 1877
15 Louis A. Wiltz   1877 1880 Democratic Francis T. Nicholls (Democratic)
16 Samuel D. McEnery   1880 1881 Democratic Louis A. Wiltz (Democratic)
17 W.A. Robertson 1881 1881 Democratic Samuel D. McEnery (Democratic)
18 George L. Walton 1881 1882 Democratic Samuel D. McEnery (Democratic)
19 Clay Knobloch 1884 1888 Democratic Samuel D. McEnery (Democratic)
20 James Jeffries 1888 1892 Democratic Francis T. Nicholls (Democratic)
21 Charles Parlange   1892 1893 Democratic Murphy J. Foster (Democratic)
22 Hiram R. Lott 1893 1896 Democratic Murphy J. Foster (Democratic)
23 Robert H. Snyder 1896 1900 Democratic Murphy J. Foster (Democratic)
24 Albert Estopinal   1900 1904 Democratic W. W. Heard (Democratic)
25 Jared Y. Sanders, Sr.   1904 1908 Democratic Newton C. Blanchard (Democratic)
26 Paul M. Lambremont 1908 1911 Democratic Jared Y. Sanders, Sr. (Democratic)
27 Thomas C. Barret   1912 1916 Democratic Luther E. Hall (Democratic)
28 Fernand Mouton 1916 1920 Democratic Ruffin G. Pleasant (Democratic)
29 Hewitt Bouanchaud 1920 1924 Democratic John M. Parker (Democratic)
30 Delos R. Johnson 1924 1924 Democratic John M. Parker (Democratic)
31 Oramel H. Simpson   1924 1926 Democratic Henry L. Fuqua (Democratic)
32 Philip H. Gilbert 1926 1928 Democratic Oramel H. Simpson (Democratic)
33 Paul N. Cyr 1928 1931 Democratic [11] Huey P. Long (Democratic)
34 Alvin Olin King   1931 1932 Democratic [3][12][13] Huey P. Long (Democratic)
35 John B. Fournet 1932 1935 Democratic O. K. Allen (Democratic)
36 Thomas C. Wingate 1935 1935 Democratic O. K. Allen (Democratic)
37 James A. Noe   1935 1936 Democratic O. K. Allen (Democratic)
38 Earl K. Long   1936 1939 Democratic Richard W. Leche (Democratic)
39 Coleman Lindsey 1939 1940 Democratic Earl K. Long (Democratic)
40 Marc M. Mouton 1940 1944 Democratic Sam H. Jones (Democratic)
41 J. Emile Verret 1944 1948 Democratic Jimmie H. Davis (Democratic)
42 William J. Dodd   1948 1952 Democratic Earl K. Long (Democratic)
43 Charles E. (Cap) Barham 1952 1956 Democratic Robert F. Kennon (Democratic)
44 Lether Frazar 1956 1960 Democratic Earl K. Long (Democratic)
45 Clarence C. (Taddy) Aycock 1960 1972 Democratic Jimmie H. Davis (Democratic) 1960-1964
John J. McKeithen (Democratic) 1964-1972
46 James E. (Jimmy) Fitzmorris, Jr. 1972 1980 Democratic Edwin Edwards (Democratic)
47 Robert Louis Freeman Sr. 1980 1988 Democratic David C. Treen (Republican) 1980-1984
Edwin Edwards (Democratic) 1984-1988
48 Paul Hardy 1988 1992 Republican Buddy Roemer (Democratic turn Republican)
49 Melinda Schwegmann 1992 1996 Democratic Edwin Edwards (Democratic)
50 Kathleen Babineaux Blanco   1996 2004 Democratic Mike Foster (Republican)
51 Mitchell (Mitch) Landrieu   2004 2010 Democratic Kathleen Blanco (Democratic)
Bobby Jindal (Republican)
52 Scott Angelle   2010 2010 Democratic
2010 2010 Republican
53 John L. (Jay) Dardenne   2010 2016 Republican
54 Billy Nungesser   2016 Incumbent Republican John Bel Edwards (Democratic)

See alsoEdit

Living former lieutenant governorsEdit

As of November 2022, there are five former lieutenant governors of Louisiana, the oldest being Paul Hardy (served 1988–1992, born 1942). The most recent lieutenant governor to die was Jimmy Fitzmorris (served 1972–1980, born 1921) on June 30, 2021. The most serving lieutenant governor to die was Kathleen Blanco (served 1996–2004, born 1942) on August 18, 2019.

Lt. governor Lt. gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Paul Hardy 1988–1992 (1942-10-18) October 18, 1942 (age 80)
Melinda Schwegmann 1992–1996 (1946-10-25) October 25, 1946 (age 76)
Mitch Landrieu 2004–2010 (1960-08-16) August 16, 1960 (age 62)
Scott Angelle 2010 (1961-11-20) November 20, 1961 (age 61)
Jay Dardenne 2010–2016 (1954-02-06) February 6, 1954 (age 68)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Louisiana State Constitution of 1812 Article III Sect. 17th. and Louisiana State Constitution of 1845 Art. 45
  2. ^ a b c d e f Louisiana. Report of the Secretary of State to His Excellency W.W. Heard, Governor of the State of Louisiana. May 12th, 1902. [Baton Rouge]: Baton Rouge news Pub. Co., State printers, 1902. p 325
  3. ^ a b c d e f Calhoun, Milburn, and Bernie McGovern. Louisiana Almanac, 2002-2003 Edition. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co, 2001. PP 462-63
  4. ^ s:Louisiana State Constitution of 1852 The Constitution of 1852 shortened this term.
  5. ^ Hyde, Samuel C. Pistols and Politics: The Dilemma of Democracy in Louisiana's Florida Parishes, 1810-1899. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998. p.71
  6. ^ Died in office
  7. ^ When William Wood Farmer died in office in 1854, Robert C. Wickliffe, as president pro temp, became lieutenant governor.
  8. ^ s:Louisiana State Constitution of 1852 The Constitution of 1852 Set this to in end in 1856
  9. ^ Resigned
  10. ^ When Charles Homer Mouton resigned from office, William F. Griffin, as president pro temp, became lieutenant governor.
  11. ^ Vacated the lieutenant governorship by trying to declare himself governor
  12. ^ As President pro tempore of the Senate became lieutenant governor when Paul N. Cyr vacated the lieutenant governorship
  13. ^ Became Governor on January 25, 1932

External linksEdit