Lidoriki (Greek: Λιδωρίκι, Katharevousa: Λιδωρίκιον) is a village and a former municipality in Phocis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Dorida, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. In 2011 the population was 3,388. Its area is 409.577 km² covering nearly one-fifth of Phocis. Lidoriki is built on the western slopes of Mount Giona and over the Mornos river valley. It is the centre of the mountains of Dorida.
|Coordinates: 38°32′N 22°12′E / 38.533°N 22.200°ECoordinates: 38°32′N 22°12′E / 38.533°N 22.200°E|
|Administrative region||Central Greece|
|• Municipal unit||409.6 km2 (158.1 sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||3,388|
|• Municipal unit density||8.3/km2 (21/sq mi)|
|• Population||875 (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Lidoriki is located west of Amfissa, northwest of Itea and east-northeast of Nafpaktos. Lidoriki is located above the Mornos artificial reservoir, formed by the Mornos Dam, completed in 1974. The reservoir supplies most of the drinking water used in Athens. Lidoriki is also connected to Amfissa via the largest tunnel in Greece with 16.5 km length. This is not a street tunnel, but an aquaeduct for the water from the Mornos reservoir.
Lidoriki is attested since the late 9th century in the Notitiae Episcopatuum of the Patriarchate of Constantinople as a bishopric, a suffragan of the Metropolis of Larissa. From the Chronicle of Galaxeidi it is known that the area suffered from an outbreak of plague in 1054.
After 1204 it became part of the Despotate of Epirus until 1327, when it was occupied by the Catalans of the Duchy of Athens. Under Catalan rule it belonged to the County of Salona, and was mostly controlled by the Fadrique family. A castle (Lodorich castrum) is attested in the sources in the 14th century, but no trace of it survives. It was captured by the Ottomans under Sultan Bayezid I in January 1394, and then by the Despot of the Morea, Theodore I Palaiologos, in 1397, but it was finally conquered by the Ottomans soon after. In 1448, it was visited by the scholar and traveller Cyriacus of Ancona.
The municipal unit Lidoriki is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):
|Year||Village population||Municipality population|
- ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- ^ "ΦΕΚ B 1292/2010, Kallikratis reform municipalities" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
- ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
- ^ a b c d e f g Koder, Johannes; Hild, Friedrich (1976). Tabula Imperii Byzantini, Band 1: Hellas und Thessalia (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. p. 205. ISBN 3-7001-0182-1.