Level Crossing Removal Project
The Level Crossing Removal Project (LXRP) is a program of the Government of Victoria, Australia, to remove 75 level crossings in Melbourne. After pledging the project at the 2014 Victorian state election, the Andrews Government committed $2.4 billion in the 2015-2016 budget to remove the first 20 crossings by 2018. The remaining 30 are expected to be completed by 2022 at an estimated cost of $6 billion to be funded through the privatisation of the Port of Melbourne. Prior to the 2018 state election, the Government committed to removing a further 25 level crossings, using a new prioritisation framework.
|Employees||382 (June 2018)|
|Parent department||Department of Transport|
|Parent authority||Major Transport Infrastructure Authority|
When Melbourne's railway network was built, because of the city's flat topography and sparse population, many railway crossings were via level crossing rather than bridges or underpasses. As traffic levels increased, these began to become bottlenecks, both for road traffic as well as limiting the number of trains that can be run, especially at peak times. In 1954, the State Government established a committee to look at removing of level crossings at Clifton Hill, Elsternwick, Footscray, Moorabbin, Newport. These projects were all completed by 1960.
In 1983, the level crossing at Station Street, Box Hill was removed.
In the 2000s, level crossings were removed at Laburnum (2007) and a few others.
As of 2014, there were 170 level crossings left on the Melbourne railway network and 228 places where railways had been separated from roads. Over two-thirds of these grade separations were constructed between 1863 and 1918, with fewer than one level crossing removal per year between 1918 and 2015. The commitment by the government to remove fifty level crossings over eight years represented the fastest rate of crossing removals in Melbourne's history.
VicRoads compiled a report of the most dangerous level crossings in Victoria and handed it to the State Government in 2014, which in turn prioritised the top 50 for removal through grade separation projects, honouring a commitment made in its 2014 state election manifesto. Many of the projects also involve the construction of new stations.
A report by the Victorian Auditor General, released in December 2017, found that the level crossing removal project was unlikely to represent value for money for the state. The report criticised the LXRA for its haste in delivering the program, and found that the rapid pace of the project had contributed to a failure to properly assess the merits of each grade separation. The Auditor General stated that the value of the project was compromised by the apparent political motivation for some crossing removals at the expense of more dangerous or congested intersections.
In October 2018, LXRA surpassed the State Government's 2014 election commitment of removing 20 level crossings by 2018, having officially removed 29 crossings. The Andrews Government also committed to removing a further 25 level crossings if it won the 2018 state election, and has introduced a new prioritisation framework based on safety, congestion and proximity to emergency services to select the crossings.
The Level Crossing Removal Authority (LXRA) was formed in May 2015 as an administrative office of the then-new Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources to deliver the project.
Later, the LXRA led delivery of other rail projects, including extension of the South Morang railway line to Mernda and upgrades of the Hurstbridge line and Frankston station. Currently, authority is delivering a new stabling facility north of Wyndham Vale station and train storage at Kananook.
The LXRA was abolished as an independent administrative office following the 2018 state election and its functions were absorbed into the newly formed Major Transport Infrastructure Authority at the Department of Transport.
List of crossing removalsEdit
Original 50 crossing removals: 2014-2022Edit
Below is the LXRA's list of 50 level crossing removals and 2 additional grade separations that will be gone by 2022:
|Road||Nearest station||Line||Solution||Status||Date of completion|
|Mountain Highway||Bayswater||Belgrave||Hybrid||Completed||December 2016 |
|Scoresby Road||Bayswater||Belgrave||Rail under||Completed||December 2016 |
|Blackburn Road||Blackburn||Belgrave||Rail under||Completed||January 2017|
|Heatherdale Road||Heatherdale||Belgrave||Rail under||Completed||January 2017|
|Buckley Street||Essendon||Craigieburn||Road under||Completed||September 2018|
|Glenroy Road||Glenroy||Craigieburn||Rail under||Contract awarded||2022|
|Abbotts Road||Dandenong||Cranbourne||Rail over||Completed||September 2018 |
|Thompsons Road||Merinda Park||Cranbourne||Road over||Completed||June 2018 |
|Centre Road||Bentleigh||Frankston||Rail under||Completed||August 2016 |
|Station Street/Bondi Road||Bonbeach||Frankston||Rail under||Out to tender|
|Mascot Avenue*||Bonbeach||Frankston||Closed off||Under construction||Early 2020|
|Station Street||Carrum||Frankston||Rail over||Under construction||Early 2020|
|Charman Road||Cheltenham||Frankston||Rail under||Under construction||Late 2020|
|Park Road*||Cheltenham||Frankston||Rail under||Under construction||Late 2020|
|Edithvale Road||Edithvale||Frankston||Rail under||Out to tender|
|Skye/Overton Road||Frankston||Frankston||Rail over||Completed||June 2018|
|McKinnon Road||McKinnon||Frankston||Rail under||Completed||August 2016|
|Balcombe Road||Mentone||Frankston||Rail under||Under construction||Late 2020|
|North Road||Ormond||Frankston||Rail under||Completed||August 2016|
|Eel Race Road||Seaford||Frankston||Closed off||Under construction||Early 2020|
|Seaford Road||Seaford||Frankston||Hybrid||Completed||September 2018|
|Burke Road||Gardiner||Glen Waverley||Rail under||Completed||January 2016|
|Toorak Road||Kooyong||Glen Waverley||Rail over||Planning||2021|
|Grange Road||Alphington||Hurstbridge||Rail under||Completed||May 2018|
|Lower Plenty Road||Rosanna||Hurstbridge||Rail over||Completed||May 2018|
|Maroondah Highway||Lilydale||Lilydale||Early planning|
|Manchester Road||Mooroolbark||Lilydale||Early planning|
|Bell Street||Bell||Mernda||Rail over||Contract awarded||2021|
|High Street||Reservoir||Mernda||Rail over||Under construction||Early 2020|
|Grange Road||Carnegie||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||June 2018|
|Koornang Road||Carnegie||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||June 2018|
|Centre Road||Clayton||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||April 2018|
|Clayton Road||Clayton||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||April 2018|
|South Gippsland Highway||Dandenong||Pakenham||Road over||Planning||2022|
|Hallam Road||Hallam||Pakenham||Early planning|
|Poath Road||Hughesdale||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||June 2018|
|Murrumbeena Road||Murrumbeena||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||June 2018|
|Chandler Road||Noble Park||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||February 2018|
|Corrigan Road||Noble Park||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||February 2018|
|Heatherton Road||Noble Park||Pakenham||Rail over||Completed||February 2018|
|Furlong Road||Ginifer||Sunbury||Rail under||Completed||November 2016|
|Main Road||St Albans||Sunbury||Rail under||Completed||November 2016|
|Melton Highway||Watergardens||Sunbury||Road over||Completed||January 2018|
|Moreland Road||Moreland||Upfield||Rail over||Contract awarded||2020|
|Camp Road||Campbellfield||Upfield||Rail under||Completed||December 2017|
|Bell Street||Coburg||Upfield||Rail over||Contract awarded||2020|
|Aviation Road||Aircraft||Werribee||Road over||Under construction||Early 2019|
|Cherry Street||Werribee||Werribee||Contract awarded||2022|
|Werribee Street||Werribee||Werribee||Contract awarded||2022|
|Kororoit Creek Road||Seaholme||Werribee||Rail over||Completed||July 2018 |
|Ferguson Street||Williamstown||Williamstown||Contract awarded|
*Park Road, Cheltenham and Mascot Avenue, Bonbeach were added to the committed 50 level crossing removals after consultation along the Frankston corridor. This pushed the number of level crossing removals to 52.
Additional 25 crossing removals: 2022-2025Edit
The following 25 crossings are proposed by the State Government to be removed by 2025:
|Road||Nearest station||Line||Preferred solution ||Status||Date of Completion|
|Fitzgerald Road||Ardeer||Ballarat & Geelong||Road over||Early planning|
|Mount Derrimt Road||Deer Park||Ballarat & Geelong||Rail over||Early planning|
|Robinsons Road||Deer Park||Ballarat & Geelong||Road under||Early planning|
|Mont Albert Road||Mont Albert||Belgrave & Lilydale||Rail under||Early planning|
|Union Road||Surrey Hills||Belgrave & Lilydale||Rail under||Early planning|
|Camms Road||Cranbourne||Cranbourne||Road over||Early planning|
|Evans Road||Merinda Park||Cranbourne||Road over||Planning||2020|
|Greens Road||Dandenong||Cranbourne||Rail over||Early planning|
|Webster Street||Dandenong||Cranbourne & Pakenham||Hybrid||Early planning|
|Argyle Avenue||Chelsea||Frankston||Rail under||Early planning|
|Chelsea Road||Chelsea||Frankston||Rail under||Early planning|
|Glen Huntly Road||Glenhuntly||Frankston||Rail under||Early planning|
|Neerim Road||Glenhuntly||Frankston||Rail under||Early planning|
|Swanpool Avenue||Chelsea||Frankston||Rail under||Early planning|
|Cramer Street||Preston||Mernda||Rail over||Planning||2021|
|Murray Road||Preston||Mernda||Rail over||Planning||2021|
|Oakover Road||Bell||Mernda||Rail over||Planning||2021|
|Cardinia Road||Cardinia Road||Pakenham||Road over||Early planning|
|Main Street||Pakenham||Pakenham||Rail over||Early planning|
|McGregor Road||Pakenham||Pakenham||Rail over||Early planning|
|Racecourse Road||Pakenham||Pakenham||Rail over||Early planning|
|Gap Road||Sunbury||Sunbury||Road under||Early planning|
|Munro Street||Coburg||Upfield||Rail over||Planning||2020|
|Reynard Street||Coburg||Upfield||Rail over||Planning||2020|
|Old Geelong Road||Hoppers Crossing||Werribee||Road over||Planning||2022|
Rebuilt elevated Noble Park railway station, February 2018
Rebuilt Hughesdale railway station, April 2019
Street level view of the rebuilt Bentleigh railway station, 2018
Platform view of the lowered Bentleigh railway station, 2018
The rebuilt Bayswater railway station soon after the removal of the Mountain Highway level crossing, 2017
Platform view of the lowered Bayswater railway station, July 2017
The entrance of Heatherdale railway station in the final stages of construction, 2017
Looking East at the lowered Heatherdale railway station during construction, February 2017
Construction of elevated rail at Clayton railway station for the level crossing removal, September 2017
Rebuilt elevated Clayton railway station, April 2018
The rebuilt St Albans railway station on the day it reopened, November 2016
Rebuilt Carnegie railway station, 2018
Platform view of the lowered Ormond railway station, August 2016
Street view of new viaduct leading to a rebuilt, elevated Rosanna railway station during construction, June 2018
Concourse view of rebuilt Rosanna railway station during construction, June 2018
- "About - Level Crossing Removal Project". Level Crossing Removal Authority. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Andrews pledges 25 new level crossing removals in Melbourne". ABC News. 21 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Abolition of Busy Level Crossings" Railway Gazette 13 August 1954 page 176
- "Abolishing Level Crossings in Victoria" Railway Gazette 30 December 1955 pages 769-771
- "Abolition of Level Crossings in Victoria" Railway Gazette 4 November 1960 pages 539/540
- "Infrastructure" Railway Gazette International July 2009 page 14
- Rail line boost already on track Herald Sun 28 November 2011
- Springvale road and rail grade separation Arup
- Woodcock, Ian; Stone, John (2016). "The Benefits of Level Crossing Removal: lessons from Melbourne's historical experience". University of Melbourne/RMIT University: 13 – via RMIT Researchbank.
- Carey, Adam (26 October 2015). "Level crossings: VicRoads list of Melbourne's worst overlooked by Labor". The Age. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- Promise Delivered: Port Of Melbourne Leased To Remove Level Crossings And Create Thousands Of Jobs Premier of Victoria 19 September 2016
- Carey, Adam (14 December 2017). "Level crossing removal program poor value for money: Auditor-General Andrew Greaves". The Age. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- Towell, Craig Butt, Noel (21 October 2018). "Another 25 rail level crossings to go under Labor pledge". The Age. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Victoria Government Gazette - No. G 18 Thursday 7 May 2015" (PDF). Victoria Government Gazette. 7 May 2015. p. 74. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Melbourne level crossing removal plan to be fast-tracked, Government says". ABC News. 15 February 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "About the authority". Level Crossing Removal Authority. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Wyndham Vale Stabling Facility". Level Crossing Removal Authority. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- "Kananook Train Storage Facility". Level Crossing Removal Authority. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- "Crossings - Level Crossing Removal Project". Level Crossing Removal Authority. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Mountain Highway level crossing gone". Level Crossing Removal Authority. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Labor Government Removes Eighth Level Crossing In Two Years" (Press release). Melbourne: Premier of Victoria. 23 December 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Getting on with the job in Glenroy | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
- "Boom! Level crossing gone at Abbotts Road | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Gone for good: Level Crossing Removal Project reaches half way | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- Carmody, Broede (1 August 2016). "Frankston line reopens as level crossing program rolls on". The Age. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Cheltenham and Mentone level crossing removals are go | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Skye/Overton Road, Frankston | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Cheltenham and Mentone level crossing removals are go | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Seaford Road, Seaford". Your Level Crossing. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Labor Government Delivers New Train Station In Glen Iris" (Press release). Melbourne: Premier of Victoria. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Grange Road, Alphington | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Lower Plenty Road, Rosanna | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Eight crossings set to go in the north". Level Crossing Removal Authority. 7 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "Major works start at Reservoir | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "Every Caulfield to Dandenong level crossing gone | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Level Crossings on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- White, Alex. "Commuters take first ride on Melbourne's skyrail trains". The Herald Sun. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- Galloway, Anthony (2 November 2016). "Melbourne's worst level crossing in St Albans removed after month-long construction blitz". Herald Sun. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Melton Highway, Sydenham | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Three more level crossings to go in Melbourne's west | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Early end to major works at Kororoit Creek Road | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "25 more level crossing removals | Level Crossing Removal Authority". levelcrossings.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 27 January 2019.