Leuciscus is a genus of fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae. They are inland water fishes commonly called Eurasian daces. The genus is widespread from Europe to Siberia. Species broadly distributed in Europe include the common dace Leuciscus leuciscus and the ide L. idus.

Id, Iduns kokbok.jpg
Ide, Leuciscus idus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Leuciscus
Cuvier, 1816
Type species
Cyprinus leusciscus
Linnaeus, 1758

See text


The European chubs were formerly also included in Leuciscus, but they are now usually separated in another genus, Squalius (e.g. the chub, Squalius cephalus). The delimitation of Leuciscus and Squalius is not completely resolved; some species have been moved from one genus to the other only in recent years. The genera Petroleuciscus and Telestes have also been split off from Leuciscus recently; for the latter the same holds true as for Squalius regarding the unclear delimitations.


Currently, 19 recognized species are in this genus:[1]


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). Species of Leuciscus in FishBase. February 2013 version.